"THE BOOK OF RUTH" Ruth's Noble Choice: "I Will Go" (1:1-22) by Mark Copeland


Ruth's Noble Choice:  "I Will Go" (1:1-22)


1. The book of Ruth is a beautiful "interlude of love," set in...
   a. The period when judges ruled Israel - Ru 1:1
   b. An era marked by immorality, idolatry, and war - cf. Judg 21:25

2. It tells a heartwarming story of devotion and faithfulness...
   a. Concerning a Moabite widow (Ruth) who leaves her homeland
   b. To live with her Jewish mother-in-law (Naomi)  in the land of Israel

3. God honors Ruth's commitment...
   a. By guiding her to the field of Boaz (a near kinsman to Naomi)
   b. Where she gathers grain and finds a place in the genealogy of Christ!

4. It has been said the book serves two purposes...
   a. To illustrate how Jehovah rewards those who make wise spiritual
      choices and show steadfast filial loyalty
   b. To explain how Ruth, a Moabitess, came to be an ancestor of David,
      and ultimately, the Messiah - cf. Ru 4:21-22; Mt 1:5-6

[While the book's brevity and beauty makes it easy to read in one
sitting, we will let it serve as the basis for four sermons, one for
each chapter.  In chapter one, we learn of "Ruth's Noble Choice"...]


      1. The setting - Ru 1:1
         a. In the days of the judges (prior to the period of the kings of Israel)
         b. There is famine in the land of Judah
         c. A family of four leave Bethlehem to dwell in Moab
            1) Bethlehem, city located 5 mi. S of Jerusalem; birthplace
               of David and Jesus
            2) Moab, country located due E of the Dead Sea
               a) Descendants of Lot - Gen 19:36-37
               b) Sometimes enemies, friends, of Israel - Judg 3:12-30; 1Sa 22:3-4
      2. The family - Ru 1:2
         a. Elimelech the father, Naomi the mother
         b. Their two sons:  Mahlon and Chilion
         c. Ephrathites - Bethlehem was also known as Ephrath 
                                     - Gen 35:19; Mic 5:2
      3. The move
         a. Prompted by the famine
         b. Perhaps indicating a lack of faith in God, who made
            provision for when His children became impoverished - cf. Lev 25:35

      1. Elimelech dies - Ru 1:3
         a. Leaving Naomi a widow with two sons
         b. Rabbinic tradition suggests his death was punishment for
            greed or having forsaken his homeland (Expositor's Bible Commentary)
      2. Mahlon and Chilion marry women of Moab - Ru 1:4
         a. Mahlon married Ruth, Chilion married Orpah - cf. Ru 4:10
         b. Such marriages with women of Moab were strongly suspect,
            if not wrong - cf. Deut 23:3; 1Ki 11:1-2; Neh 13:23-27
         c. They live in Moab about ten years
      3. Mahlon and Chilion die - Ru 1:5
         a. Rabbinic tradition suggests it was because of leaving Judah,
            and their marriages
         b. Leaving Naomi a widow and childless, which she took as
            divine judgment against her - Ru 1:13,20-21

[Elimelech and his sons went to Moab to find bread, instead they found
graves (Baxter).  Bereaved of her husband and two sons, Naomi gives
thought to return to her homeland...]


      1. The famine in Judah had ended - Ru 1:6
         a. The Lord's blessings had return to Judah
         b. The Lord had given them bread
      2. Naomi encourages her daughters-in-law to remain in Moab 
         - Ru 1:7-9
         a. As they were on their way to leave
         b. Naomi encourages them to return to their mothers' house
         c. Naomi prays God's blessings upon them
            1) To treat them kindly, because their kindness to her
            2) To find rest in the homes of future husbands
         d. Prompting sorrowful displays a great affection

      1. At first, both daughters-in-law desire to go with Naomi - Ru 1:10
         a. Willing to return with her to her people
         b. Which speaks highly of their love for Naomi and duty as
      2. Naomi seeks to dissuade them - Ru 1:11-13
         a. She has no sons to offer them
         b. She is too old to have a husband
         c. If she did marry and have sons, would they wait until they
            were old enough?
         d. It grieves her to see them suffer because of God's chastisement of her
      3. Ruth cannot be dissuaded - Ru 1:14-18
         a. Weeping, Orpah kisses her mother-in-law and leaves
         b. Ruth clings to her mother-in-law, and Naomi tries once again
            to persuade her to return
         c. Ruth's noble choice
            1) To go wherever Naomi goes
            2) To live wherever Naomi lives
            3) To make the people of Naomi her people
            4) To make the God of Naomi her God
            5) To die and be buried where Naomi is buried
            6) To let nothing but death come between them
            -- In making such a choice, Ruth has become a proselyte to Judaism
         d. Naomi realizes Ruth is determined to go with her

      1. Their arrival sparks excitement in the city - Ru 1:19
      2. Naomi believes she should be called Mara - Ru 1:20-21
         a. No longer Naomi ("Pleasant"), but Mara ("Bitter")
         b. For she feels the Lord has dealt bitterly with her
            1) She left Judah full, and has returned empty
            2) She believes the Lord has testified against her, and has afflicted her
         c. This may be true - cf. Deut 28:15-19
            1) Yet not all suffering is indicative of divine
               chastisement (cf. Job)
            2) She may have been the innocent victim of others' sins
      3. Naomi and Ruth settle in Bethlehem - Ru 1:22
         a. Naomi, a woman without husband and sons
         b. Ruth, the Moabitess living in a strange land


1. Their arrival was at the beginning of the barley harvest...
   a. Which sets the stage for the events in the next chapter
   b. Which portends a new beginning in the lives of Naomi and Ruth

2. This story certainly illustrates the importance of making choices...
   a. Choices come with consequences, sometimes good, sometimes bad
   b. Elimelech and his sons made choices...
      1) Which may have appeared to be a good business decision
      2) But ultimately left a wife and mother a widow and motherless in
         a strange land
   c. Ruth made a choice
      1) To leave family and false religion, for the true God and His family
      2) One that would have provide both temporal and eternal blessings
         - cf. Mk 10:29-30

Sometimes the choice is not between right and wrong, but between good
and better.  Yet any choice we make will be the right one if made with
these words of Jesus in mind:

   "But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all
   these things shall be added to you." - Mt 6:33

"Ruth's Noble Choice" to follow Naomi and her God illustrates the truth
of Jesus' words!

Executable Outlines, Copyright © Mark A. Copeland, 2016

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Don't Touch Dead Bodies! by Kyle Butt, M.Div.

Don't Touch Dead Bodies!

by Kyle Butt, M.Div.

In their book, None of These Diseases, physicians S.I. McMillen and David Stern discussed how that many of the hygienic rules established by God for the children of Israel still are applicable today. To illustrate their point, they recounted the story of Ignaz Semmelweis.
In 1847, an obstetrician named Ignaz Semmelweis was the director of a hospital ward in Vienna, Austria. Many pregnant women checked into his ward, but 18% of those women never checked out. One out of every six that received treatment in Semmelweis’ ward died of labor fever. Autopsies revealed pus under their skin, in their chest cavities, in their eye sockets, etc. Semmelweis was distraught over the mortality rate in his ward, and other hospital wards like it all over Europe. If a woman delivered a baby using a midwife, then the death fell to only 3%. Yet if she chose to use the most advanced medical knowledge and facilities of the day, her chance of dying skyrocketed to 18%!
Semmelweis had tried everything to curb the carnage. He turned all the women on their sides in hopes that the death rate would drop, but with no results. He thought maybe the bell that the priest rang late in the evenings scared the women. So, he made the priest enter silently, yet without any drop in death rates.
As he contemplated his dilemma, he watched young medical students perform their routine tasks. Each day the students would perform autopsies on the dead mothers. Then they would rinse their hands in a bowl of bloody water, wipe them off on a common, shared towel, and immediately begin internal examinations of the still-living women. As a twenty-first-century observer, you probably are appalled to think that such practices actually took place in institutes of what was at the time “modern technology.” What doctor in his right mind would touch a dead person and then perform examinations on living patients—without first employing some sort of minimal hygienic practices intended to kill germs? But to Europeans in the middle-nineteenth-century, germs were a foreign concept. They never had seen a germ, much less been able to predict its destructive potential. According to their theories, disease was caused by “atmospheric conditions” or “cosmic telluric influences.”
Semmelweis ordered everyone in his ward to wash thoroughly his or her hands in a chlorine solution after every examination. In three months, the death rate fell from 18% to 1%. Semmelweis had made an amazing discovery. Or had he? Is it possible that Dr. Semmelweis simply “rediscovered” what had been known in some circles for many years?
Almost 3,300 years before Semmelweis lived, Moses had written: “He who touches the dead body of anyone shall be unclean seven days. He shall purify himself with the water on the third day and on the seventh day; then he will be clean. But if he does not purify himself on the third day and on the seventh day, he will not be clean.” Germs were no new discovery in 1847; God had known about them all along. If only we would learn to give the Holy Scriptures the respect they deserve, we could save ourselves from so much sin, heartache, and death.

Does the Presence of History in the Gospels Mean that They are Old Testament Books? by Caleb Colley, Ph.D.

Does the Presence of History in the Gospels Mean that They are Old Testament Books?

by Caleb Colley, Ph.D.

Some have attempted to subvert the teachings of Christ by suggesting that the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John belong in the Old Testament instead of in the New Testament (see Billingsley, n.d., p. 4; see also Brewer, 1941, pp. 85-90 for additional documentation of those who hold such a position). In doing so, they have promoted an erroneous theory that we can summarize in the following statement: “The books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are history books, so they are Old Testament books. They contain a beneficial historical record of the life and times of Jesus Christ as He lived under Mosaic law, but no New Testament doctrine.”
What about the Gospel accounts? They contain substantial history concerning the life of Christ, but they also contain certain of His teachings. If any of those teachings can be shown to be different from Old Testament material and applicable to New Testament Christians—obligatory for faith and practice—then the books themselves must be accepted as part of the New Testament canon, because they contain commandments that are obligatory for those living under Christ’s covenant, as opposed to Moses’ covenant. The Gospel accounts contain just such doctrine. Consider the following passages:
Matthew 3 (and Mark 1; Luke 7): Jesus was baptized with John’s baptism “to fulfill all righteousness” (3:15). Jesus clearly endorsed John’s baptism (Luke 7:29), and when the Pharisees declined to submit to that baptism, they rejected the “counsel of God” (7:30). In this instance, Jesus required certain people to do more than what the Law of Moses required. The baptism of John certainly was foreign to the rules of the Mosaic Law. It would have done Moses no good to command the children of Israel to submit to the baptism of John, for John was not yet born, so his baptism would not have washed their sins away—yet here, Christ encouraged it (Mark 1:2-11; Luke 7:29-30). One purpose of John’s baptism was to prepare the hearts of people for the coming kingdom (Matthew 3:1-2; see Psalm 2). Baptism, as a religious ceremony, had been practiced, because of rabbinical tradition (Lindsay, 1994, 1:389; Moseley, n.d.). However, John’s teaching was distinct from the Law of Moses, ushering in a new era of obligation, as again emphasized in Luke 16:16: “The law and the prophets were until John. Since that time the kingdom of God has been preached, and everyone is pressing into it” (emp. added).
Matthew 15 (and Mark 7): Christ taught something that, at the very least, sounded quite different from the then-operative Old Testament Law—the idea that foods which were considered unclean under the Old Testament Law did not defile a person, but rather the things that come from within (Matthew 15:11; cf. Mark 7:18-23). Jesus noted that foods do not go into people’s hearts—they do not directly affect people spiritually—but only go into the digestive system and are eliminated. “All these evil things,” Jesus said (specifically having mentioned adulteries, evil thoughts, fornications, murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lewdness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, and foolishness), “come from within and defile a man” (Mark 7:23). It appears that Christ taught a new doctrine here—one that would not become operative until after He took the Old Testament Law out of the way.
Matthew 18: In this similar circumstance, Jesus taught specific doctrine concerning how one should deal with an erring brother (18:15-20). The doctrine contained in Matthew 18:19-20 specifically addressed discipline in the church. Christ’s teaching in this instance is not merely an attempt to call erring Jews back to faithful Judaism; rather, Christ taught something new in this case, and unique to the rest the Bible (see Elkins, 1978, p. 528).
Matthew 26 (and Mark 14; Luke 22): Jesus initiated the Lord’s Supper (26:26-29), the practice of which is entirely different from any Mosaic ceremony. The fact that Christ initiated an ordinance that was not to be enforced immediately, but only after the church was established, is illustrative of the fact that Christ was within His rights when He gave legislation that would come into effect after the New Testament Law came into effect.
Matthew 28 (and Mark 16): Jesus gave to His apostles the command to take the Gospel to the whole world (a New Testament principle in itself). Notice that Jesus Himself stated that He had preached New Testament doctrine to His disciples. Christ told the apostles that, as they converted lost souls to Christ, they were to teach them “to observe all things that I have commanded you…” (28:20). Included in “all things that I have commanded you” was New Testament doctrine, because, in this instance, Christ was commanding His disciples to take the Gospel to “all the nations” for the purpose of baptizing people (28:19). If Christ had preached nothing but Old Testament doctrine, He surely would not have commanded His disciples to spread “all things that I have commanded you” to the nations after the Old Testament law had been put away.
John 3: Jesus said, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God” (John 3:5). Jesus called this the act of being “born again” (verse 7). Though the particular requirement of new birth through baptism was, in a sense, administered by John and Jesus in their baptisms, there was no provision for baptism in the Old Covenant.
John 13: Jesus said, “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another” (13:34, emp. added). In stating that the commandment was new, Jesus obviously intended to draw a distinction between His commandment and everything else that would have been familiar to His disciples concerning the topic they were discussing. Though the command to love one’s neighbor was not new (Leviticus 19:18), Christ’s command was new in that it demanded that we love not as we love ourselves, but as God loves us. This would be the sign to non-Christians that the disciples really were followers of Christ (13:35; see Pack, 1977, 5:54-55). The command itself is repeated in the record of John 15:12,17, and Christ emphasized it again in Luke 10:33-36 when He relayed the parable commonly called “The Good Samaritan,” illustrating that followers of Christ are to have love for all people (Galatians 6:10).
We are assured that Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John belong in the New Testament, for they contain teachings that are not contained in the Old Testament, but that are obligatory for the Christian’s faith and practice. The gospels certainly are much more than just Old Testament history books.


Billingsly, Dan (no date), “Roy Deaver’s Doctrinal Dilemma,” Fundamental Bible Studies.
Brewer, G.C. (1941), Contending for the Faith (Nashville, TN: Gospel Advocate).
Elkins, Garland (1978) “A Review of the ‘No-Remarriage-for-Any-Reason’ Theory,” Your Marriage Can Be Great, ed. Thomas B. Warren (Jonesboro, AR: National Christian Press).
Lindsay, T.M. (1994), The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, ed. James Orr (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson).
Moseley, Ron (no date), “The Jewish Background of Christian Baptism,” [On-line], URL: http://www.haydid.org/ronimmer.htm.
Pack, Frank (1977), The Living Word Commentary, ed. Everett Ferguson (Austin, TX: Sweet).

Does Matthew 18:11 Belong in the New Testament? by Dave Miller, Ph.D.

Does Matthew 18:11 Belong in the New Testament?

by Dave Miller, Ph.D.


My resources are limited to find a decent enough answer for the passage at Mt. 18:11. I would like to know why or why not it should be in our Bibles.


During the early centuries of Christianity, copies of New Testament books were made by Christians as those books came from the hands of the apostles. Then copies were made of copies, and then copies of copies of copies, and so on. It was inevitable that slight/minor changes would occur in some copies. In later years, New Testament books were copied by monks and even by professional copyists who did so for their living. Those who became very familiar with the synoptic Gospel accounts sometimes unnecessarily attempted to harmonize them with each other in those passages that are parallel, even though the Holy Spirit used different wording in, say Matthew, than He did in Luke, where the same incident is reported. Hence, copyists sometimes introduced words from one Gospel account into another to force them to be uniform in wording. That is clearly what happened with Matthew 18:11. Somewhere along the line, a copyist who was very familiar with Luke introduced the words of Luke 19:10 into the copy of Matthew 18 that he was making. The words are authentic from Luke’s pen, but were not written by Matthew. Many manuscript copies do not contain the verse, but the copies that ultimately influenced the KJV were copies that had the interpolation introduced. Observe that no doctrine of Scripture is placed in jeopardy and no new information is added to the text by such variants in certain copies, and the original text is still preserved in the aggregate of manuscripts. See our article at: http://apologeticspress.org/APContent.aspx?category=13&article=5196&topic=103.



1. Romans  16:16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. The churches of Christ greet you. (NKJV)

The name church of Christ offends people enough, that some churches remove that name from from their building, they do not want to be identified as a church of Christ.

2. Acts 2:38 Then Peter said to them, "Repent, and let every one on you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. (NKJV)

Acts 2:38 offends those who deny water baptism is in order to the forgiveness of sins.

3. John 14:6 Jesus said to him, "I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me. (NKJV)

John 14:6 offends believers in Christ who believe in universal salvation. Some believe it is arrogant to assert Jesus is the only way to heaven.

4. Genesis 1:1-31.......31 Then God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good . So the evening and the morning were the sixth day. (NKJV)

Genesis 1:1-31 offends those who believe in theistic evolution or claim it is too difficult to understand that God created the heaven and earth in six days, in a twenty four hour day.

5. Galatians 5:4 You have become estranged from Christ, you who attempt to be justified by law, you have fallen from grace. (NKJV)

Galatians 5:4 offends men who teach one in grace always in grace.

Finding one's self (Who am I) by Eugene C. Perry

Finding one's self
(Who am I)

(The following is an adaptation of remarks made as a senior member at a recent family reunion. ecp)

Often, when people get involved in deviant behaviour, seem directionless or manifest other symptoms of troubled lives, we hear the remark, “He/she just needs to find himself/herself?” The person is not lost but rather is confused or unsure of his/her place in the family, community, nation, world. Where do I fit in? What do I stand for? It involves being lost in the sense of needing to decide/determine/find one’s place among the diverse world-views and value systems of a pluralistic society.
A very real part of who I am has to do with FAMILY. That is to say that family usually has much to do with one’s world-view, value system and life-style. WHO ARE WE?
To begin with, in a general sense, all are a part of God’s family. We are His children, His creation. We are daily recipients of His loving care. He provides what is needed to sustain our lives as well as the example and direction that enables us to live “full” lives (Jno.10:10).
Unfortunately, there are those who outright disown this relationship. Others just fail to cultivate or recognize it. God is our father and ideally this defines us – enables us to find ourselves and thus to know who we are and where we stand – our value system and life-style.
In a more particular sense, we are children of [mutual ancestor] whose name many of us bear and who provided us with example and, hopefully, direction. Once again, some might go so far as to deny or reject the relationship and influence while others tend to ignore or neglect to cultivate it. Most of us, however, acknowledge and even take pride in the relationship and accept it as a real part of who we are.
Ideally our forebears are worthy of recognition and their example and instruction defines who we are and influences our life-style and value system which is thus passed down from generation to generation. In our family many generations have been people of faith, defined by a desire to know and do God’s will. Bible study and church attendance have been characteristic along with honesty and a strong work ethic. Many of us, like our forebears, met and married as a result of associations in Bible Schools or churches.
We are a part of this heritage and it will be a part of who we are and what we stand for unless we have either disowned the relationship or are neglecting its significance and influence.
I remember and was impressed by my parent’s dedication to work on the farm. It seemed to take precedence over all else except church. When there were church services or gospel meetings we somehow managed to get some time away from the work. We would sometimes walk seven miles to attend such meetings and walk back home afterwards. Family traits that we were taught include faithfulness, honesty, dependability, hard work and independence.
We were moulded by our parents and this is an ongoing process. Those of you who are parents must face the fact that you have heavy responsibilities in this process. What are you “passing on”? Yes, you are expected to provide food, clothing and shelter. That part usually “comes naturally”. The greater burden on you is the preparation of your children for life by passing on values. Too often, this part tends to be neglected or poorly done.
When God chose Abraham to be the father of His chosen people, He said, “For I have chosen him, so that he will direct his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing what is right and just, so that the Lord will bring about for Abraham what he has promised him.” (Gen.18:19).
As Moses led Abraham’s descendents and passed God’s instructions on to them, he wrote, “These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. ... Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates.” (Deut.6:6-9).
Both parents must be involved. Timothy’s “sincere faith” “first lived in your grandmother Lois and in your mother Eunice” (II Tim.1:5). Fathers are instructed to bring their children “up in the training and instruction of the Lord” (Eph.6:4). It is most unfortunate when parents do not work together in this task.
This system breaks down when neglect occurs – when parents fail to assume their responsibility and/or when children reject or rebel against parental teaching and influence.
We are sometimes saddened to observe a downward generational process that goes something like the following. Great-grandpa had the Bible in heart and life, grandfather had it in his head, father on his shelf and son in the attic. May this not be the situation in our families.
WHO ARE WE? We are children of God and descendents of godly ancestors.
Eugene C. Perry

Published in The Old Paths Archive

Bible Reading for September 30, October 1 by Gary Rose

Bible Reading for September 30, October 1

World  English  Bible

Sept. 30
Psalms 118-120

Psa 118:1 Give thanks to Yahweh, for he is good, for his loving kindness endures forever.
Psa 118:2 Let Israel now say that his loving kindness endures forever.
Psa 118:3 Let the house of Aaron now say that his loving kindness endures forever.
Psa 118:4 Now let those who fear Yahweh say that his loving kindness endures forever.
Psa 118:5 Out of my distress, I called on Yah. Yah answered me with freedom.
Psa 118:6 Yahweh is on my side. I will not be afraid. What can man do to me?
Psa 118:7 Yahweh is on my side among those who help me. Therefore I will look in triumph at those who hate me.
Psa 118:8 It is better to take refuge in Yahweh, than to put confidence in man.
Psa 118:9 It is better to take refuge in Yahweh, than to put confidence in princes.
Psa 118:10 All the nations surrounded me, but in the name of Yahweh, I cut them off.
Psa 118:11 They surrounded me, yes, they surrounded me. In the name of Yahweh I indeed cut them off.
Psa 118:12 They surrounded me like bees. They are quenched like the burning thorns. In the name of Yahweh I cut them off.
Psa 118:13 You pushed me back hard, to make me fall, but Yahweh helped me.
Psa 118:14 Yah is my strength and song. He has become my salvation.
Psa 118:15 The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the tents of the righteous. "The right hand of Yahweh does valiantly.
Psa 118:16 The right hand of Yahweh is exalted! The right hand of Yahweh does valiantly!"
Psa 118:17 I will not die, but live, and declare Yah's works.
Psa 118:18 Yah has punished me severely, but he has not given me over to death.
Psa 118:19 Open to me the gates of righteousness. I will enter into them. I will give thanks to Yah.
Psa 118:20 This is the gate of Yahweh; the righteous will enter into it.
Psa 118:21 I will give thanks to you, for you have answered me, and have become my salvation.
Psa 118:22 The stone which the builders rejected has become the head of the corner.
Psa 118:23 This is Yahweh's doing. It is marvelous in our eyes.
Psa 118:24 This is the day that Yahweh has made. We will rejoice and be glad in it!
Psa 118:25 Save us now, we beg you, Yahweh! Yahweh, we beg you, send prosperity now.
Psa 118:26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of Yahweh! We have blessed you out of the house of Yahweh.
Psa 118:27 Yahweh is God, and he has given us light. Bind the sacrifice with cords, even to the horns of the altar.
Psa 118:28 You are my God, and I will give thanks to you. You are my God, I will exalt you.
Psa 118:29 Oh give thanks to Yahweh, for he is good, for his loving kindness endures forever.

Psa 119:1 Blessed are those whose ways are blameless, who walk according to Yahweh's law.
Psa 119:2 Blessed are those who keep his statutes, who seek him with their whole heart.
Psa 119:3 Yes, they do nothing wrong. They walk in his ways.
Psa 119:4 You have commanded your precepts, that we should fully obey them.
Psa 119:5 Oh that my ways were steadfast to obey your statutes!
Psa 119:6 Then I wouldn't be disappointed, when I consider all of your commandments.
Psa 119:7 I will give thanks to you with uprightness of heart, when I learn your righteous judgments.
Psa 119:8 I will observe your statutes. Don't utterly forsake me.
Psa 119:9 How can a young man keep his way pure? By living according to your word.
Psa 119:10 With my whole heart, I have sought you. Don't let me wander from your commandments.
Psa 119:11 I have hidden your word in my heart, that I might not sin against you.
Psa 119:12 Blessed are you, Yahweh. Teach me your statutes.
Psa 119:13 With my lips, I have declared all the ordinances of your mouth.
Psa 119:14 I have rejoiced in the way of your testimonies, as much as in all riches.
Psa 119:15 I will meditate on your precepts, and consider your ways.
Psa 119:16 I will delight myself in your statutes. I will not forget your word.
Psa 119:17 Do good to your servant. I will live and I will obey your word.
Psa 119:18 Open my eyes, that I may see wondrous things out of your law.
Psa 119:19 I am a stranger on the earth. Don't hide your commandments from me.
Psa 119:20 My soul is consumed with longing for your ordinances at all times.
Psa 119:21 You have rebuked the proud who are cursed, who wander from your commandments.
Psa 119:22 Take reproach and contempt away from me, for I have kept your statutes.
Psa 119:23 Though princes sit and slander me, your servant will meditate on your statutes.
Psa 119:24 Indeed your statutes are my delight, and my counselors.
Psa 119:25 My soul is laid low in the dust. Revive me according to your word!
Psa 119:26 I declared my ways, and you answered me. Teach me your statutes.
Psa 119:27 Let me understand the teaching of your precepts! Then I will meditate on your wondrous works.
Psa 119:28 My soul is weary with sorrow: strengthen me according to your word.
Psa 119:29 Keep me from the way of deceit. Grant me your law graciously!
Psa 119:30 I have chosen the way of truth. I have set your ordinances before me.
Psa 119:31 I cling to your statutes, Yahweh. Don't let me be disappointed.
Psa 119:32 I run in the path of your commandments, for you have set my heart free.
Psa 119:33 Teach me, Yahweh, the way of your statutes. I will keep them to the end.
Psa 119:34 Give me understanding, and I will keep your law. Yes, I will obey it with my whole heart.
Psa 119:35 Direct me in the path of your commandments, for I delight in them.
Psa 119:36 Turn my heart toward your statutes, not toward selfish gain.
Psa 119:37 Turn my eyes away from looking at worthless things. Revive me in your ways.
Psa 119:38 Fulfill your promise to your servant, that you may be feared.
Psa 119:39 Take away my disgrace that I dread, for your ordinances are good.
Psa 119:40 Behold, I long for your precepts! Revive me in your righteousness.
Psa 119:41 Let your loving kindness also come to me, Yahweh, your salvation, according to your word.
Psa 119:42 So I will have an answer for him who reproaches me, for I trust in your word.
Psa 119:43 Don't snatch the word of truth out of my mouth, for I put my hope in your ordinances.
Psa 119:44 So I will obey your law continually, forever and ever.
Psa 119:45 I will walk in liberty, for I have sought your precepts.
Psa 119:46 I will also speak of your statutes before kings, and will not be disappointed.
Psa 119:47 I will delight myself in your commandments, because I love them.
Psa 119:48 I reach out my hands for your commandments, which I love. I will meditate on your statutes.
Psa 119:49 Remember your word to your servant, because you gave me hope.
Psa 119:50 This is my comfort in my affliction, for your word has revived me.
Psa 119:51 The arrogant mock me excessively, but I don't swerve from your law.
Psa 119:52 I remember your ordinances of old, Yahweh, and have comforted myself.
Psa 119:53 Indignation has taken hold on me, because of the wicked who forsake your law.
Psa 119:54 Your statutes have been my songs, in the house where I live.
Psa 119:55 I have remembered your name, Yahweh, in the night, and I obey your law.
Psa 119:56 This is my way, that I keep your precepts.
Psa 119:57 Yahweh is my portion. I promised to obey your words.
Psa 119:58 I sought your favor with my whole heart. Be merciful to me according to your word.
Psa 119:59 I considered my ways, and turned my steps to your statutes.
Psa 119:60 I will hurry, and not delay, to obey your commandments.
Psa 119:61 The ropes of the wicked bind me, but I won't forget your law.
Psa 119:62 At midnight I will rise to give thanks to you, because of your righteous ordinances.
Psa 119:63 I am a friend of all those who fear you, of those who observe your precepts.
Psa 119:64 The earth is full of your loving kindness, Yahweh. Teach me your statutes.
Psa 119:65 Do good to your servant, according to your word, Yahweh.
Psa 119:66 Teach me good judgment and knowledge, for I believe in your commandments.
Psa 119:67 Before I was afflicted, I went astray; but now I observe your word.
Psa 119:68 You are good, and do good. Teach me your statutes.
Psa 119:69 The proud have smeared a lie upon me. With my whole heart, I will keep your precepts.
Psa 119:70 Their heart is as callous as the fat, but I delight in your law.
Psa 119:71 It is good for me that I have been afflicted, that I may learn your statutes.
Psa 119:72 The law of your mouth is better to me than thousands of pieces of gold and silver.
Psa 119:73 Your hands have made me and formed me. Give me understanding, that I may learn your commandments.
Psa 119:74 Those who fear you will see me and be glad, because I have put my hope in your word.
Psa 119:75 Yahweh, I know that your judgments are righteous, that in faithfulness you have afflicted me.
Psa 119:76 Please let your loving kindness be for my comfort, according to your word to your servant.
Psa 119:77 Let your tender mercies come to me, that I may live; for your law is my delight.
Psa 119:78 Let the proud be disappointed, for they have overthrown me wrongfully. I will meditate on your precepts.
Psa 119:79 Let those who fear you turn to me. They will know your statutes.
Psa 119:80 Let my heart be blameless toward your decrees, that I may not be disappointed.
Psa 119:81 My soul faints for your salvation. I hope in your word.
Psa 119:82 My eyes fail for your word. I say, "When will you comfort me?"
Psa 119:83 For I have become like a wineskin in the smoke. I don't forget your statutes.
Psa 119:84 How many are the days of your servant? When will you execute judgment on those who persecute me?
Psa 119:85 The proud have dug pits for me, contrary to your law.
Psa 119:86 All of your commandments are faithful. They persecute me wrongfully. Help me!
Psa 119:87 They had almost wiped me from the earth, but I didn't forsake your precepts.
Psa 119:88 Preserve my life according to your loving kindness, so I will obey the statutes of your mouth.
Psa 119:89 Yahweh, your word is settled in heaven forever.
Psa 119:90 Your faithfulness is to all generations. You have established the earth, and it remains.
Psa 119:91 Your laws remain to this day, for all things serve you.
Psa 119:92 Unless your law had been my delight, I would have perished in my affliction.
Psa 119:93 I will never forget your precepts, for with them, you have revived me.
Psa 119:94 I am yours. Save me, for I have sought your precepts.
Psa 119:95 The wicked have waited for me, to destroy me. I will consider your statutes.
Psa 119:96 I have seen a limit to all perfection, but your commands are boundless.
Psa 119:97 How I love your law! It is my meditation all day.
Psa 119:98 Your commandments make me wiser than my enemies, for your commandments are always with me.
Psa 119:99 I have more understanding than all my teachers, for your testimonies are my meditation.
Psa 119:100 I understand more than the aged, because I have kept your precepts.
Psa 119:101 I have kept my feet from every evil way, that I might observe your word.
Psa 119:102 I have not turned aside from your ordinances, for you have taught me.
Psa 119:103 How sweet are your promises to my taste, more than honey to my mouth!
Psa 119:104 Through your precepts, I get understanding; therefore I hate every false way.
Psa 119:105 Your word is a lamp to my feet, and a light for my path.
Psa 119:106 I have sworn, and have confirmed it, that I will obey your righteous ordinances.
Psa 119:107 I am afflicted very much. Revive me, Yahweh, according to your word.
Psa 119:108 Accept, I beg you, the willing offerings of my mouth. Yahweh, teach me your ordinances.
Psa 119:109 My soul is continually in my hand, yet I won't forget your law.
Psa 119:110 The wicked have laid a snare for me, yet I haven't gone astray from your precepts.
Psa 119:111 I have taken your testimonies as a heritage forever, for they are the joy of my heart.
Psa 119:112 I have set my heart to perform your statutes forever, even to the end.
Psa 119:113 I hate double-minded men, but I love your law.
Psa 119:114 You are my hiding place and my shield. I hope in your word.
Psa 119:115 Depart from me, you evildoers, that I may keep the commandments of my God.
Psa 119:116 Uphold me according to your word, that I may live. Let me not be ashamed of my hope.
Psa 119:117 Hold me up, and I will be safe, and will have respect for your statutes continually.
Psa 119:118 You reject all those who stray from your statutes, for their deceit is in vain.
Psa 119:119 You put away all the wicked of the earth like dross. Therefore I love your testimonies.
Psa 119:120 My flesh trembles for fear of you. I am afraid of your judgments.
Psa 119:121 I have done what is just and righteous. Don't leave me to my oppressors.
Psa 119:122 Ensure your servant's well-being. Don't let the proud oppress me.
Psa 119:123 My eyes fail looking for your salvation, for your righteous word.
Psa 119:124 Deal with your servant according to your loving kindness. Teach me your statutes.
Psa 119:125 I am your servant. Give me understanding, that I may know your testimonies.
Psa 119:126 It is time to act, Yahweh, for they break your law.
Psa 119:127 Therefore I love your commandments more than gold, yes, more than pure gold.
Psa 119:128 Therefore I consider all of your precepts to be right. I hate every false way.
Psa 119:129 Your testimonies are wonderful, therefore my soul keeps them.
Psa 119:130 The entrance of your words gives light. It gives understanding to the simple.
Psa 119:131 I opened my mouth wide and panted, for I longed for your commandments.
Psa 119:132 Turn to me, and have mercy on me, as you always do to those who love your name.
Psa 119:133 Establish my footsteps in your word. Don't let any iniquity have dominion over me.
Psa 119:134 Redeem me from the oppression of man, so I will observe your precepts.
Psa 119:135 Make your face shine on your servant. Teach me your statutes.
Psa 119:136 Streams of tears run down my eyes, because they don't observe your law.
Psa 119:137 You are righteous, Yahweh. Your judgments are upright.
Psa 119:138 You have commanded your statutes in righteousness. They are fully trustworthy.
Psa 119:139 My zeal wears me out, because my enemies ignore your words.
Psa 119:140 Your promises have been thoroughly tested, and your servant loves them.
Psa 119:141 I am small and despised. I don't forget your precepts.
Psa 119:142 Your righteousness is an everlasting righteousness. Your law is truth.
Psa 119:143 Trouble and anguish have taken hold of me. Your commandments are my delight.
Psa 119:144 Your testimonies are righteous forever. Give me understanding, that I may live.
Psa 119:145 I have called with my whole heart. Answer me, Yahweh! I will keep your statutes.
Psa 119:146 I have called to you. Save me! I will obey your statutes.
Psa 119:147 I rise before dawn and cry for help. I put my hope in your words.
Psa 119:148 My eyes stay open through the night watches, that I might meditate on your word.
Psa 119:149 Hear my voice according to your loving kindness. Revive me, Yahweh, according to your ordinances.
Psa 119:150 They draw near who follow after wickedness. They are far from your law.
Psa 119:151 You are near, Yahweh. All your commandments are truth.
Psa 119:152 Of old I have known from your testimonies, that you have founded them forever.
Psa 119:153 Consider my affliction, and deliver me, for I don't forget your law.
Psa 119:154 Plead my cause, and redeem me! Revive me according to your promise.
Psa 119:155 Salvation is far from the wicked, for they don't seek your statutes.
Psa 119:156 Great are your tender mercies, Yahweh. Revive me according to your ordinances.
Psa 119:157 Many are my persecutors and my adversaries. I haven't swerved from your testimonies.
Psa 119:158 I look at the faithless with loathing, because they don't observe your word.
Psa 119:159 Consider how I love your precepts. Revive me, Yahweh, according to your loving kindness.
Psa 119:160 All of your words are truth. Every one of your righteous ordinances endures forever.
Psa 119:161 Princes have persecuted me without a cause, but my heart stands in awe of your words.
Psa 119:162 I rejoice at your word, as one who finds great spoil.
Psa 119:163 I hate and abhor falsehood. I love your law.
Psa 119:164 Seven times a day, I praise you, because of your righteous ordinances.
Psa 119:165 Those who love your law have great peace. Nothing causes them to stumble.
Psa 119:166 I have hoped for your salvation, Yahweh. I have done your commandments.
Psa 119:167 My soul has observed your testimonies. I love them exceedingly.
Psa 119:168 I have obeyed your precepts and your testimonies, for all my ways are before you.
Psa 119:169 Let my cry come before you, Yahweh. Give me understanding according to your word.
Psa 119:170 Let my supplication come before you. Deliver me according to your word.
Psa 119:171 Let my lips utter praise, for you teach me your statutes.
Psa 119:172 Let my tongue sing of your word, for all your commandments are righteousness.
Psa 119:173 Let your hand be ready to help me, for I have chosen your precepts.
Psa 119:174 I have longed for your salvation, Yahweh. Your law is my delight.
Psa 119:175 Let my soul live, that I may praise you. Let your ordinances help me.
Psa 119:176 I have gone astray like a lost sheep. Seek your servant, for I don't forget your commandments.

Psa 120:1 In my distress, I cried to Yahweh. He answered me.
Psa 120:2 Deliver my soul, Yahweh, from lying lips, from a deceitful tongue.
Psa 120:3 What will be given to you, and what will be done more to you, you deceitful tongue?
Psa 120:4 Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.
Psa 120:5 Woe is me, that I live in Meshech, that I dwell among the tents of Kedar!
Psa 120:6 My soul has had her dwelling too long with him who hates peace.

Psa 120:7 I am for peace, but when I speak, they are for war.

Oct. 1
Psalms 121-124

Psa 121:1 I will lift up my eyes to the hills. Where does my help come from?
Psa 121:2 My help comes from Yahweh, who made heaven and earth.
Psa 121:3 He will not allow your foot to be moved. He who keeps you will not slumber.
Psa 121:4 Behold, he who keeps Israel will neither slumber nor sleep.
Psa 121:5 Yahweh is your keeper. Yahweh is your shade on your right hand.
Psa 121:6 The sun will not harm you by day, nor the moon by night.
Psa 121:7 Yahweh will keep you from all evil. He will keep your soul.
Psa 121:8 Yahweh will keep your going out and your coming in, from this time forth, and forevermore.

Psa 122:1 I was glad when they said to me, "Let's go to Yahweh's house!"
Psa 122:2 Our feet are standing within your gates, Jerusalem;
Psa 122:3 Jerusalem, that is built as a city that is compact together;
Psa 122:4 where the tribes go up, even Yah's tribes, according to an ordinance for Israel, to give thanks to the name of Yahweh.
Psa 122:5 For there are set thrones for judgment, the thrones of David's house.
Psa 122:6 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem. Those who love you will prosper.
Psa 122:7 Peace be within your walls, and prosperity within your palaces.
Psa 122:8 For my brothers' and companions' sakes, I will now say, "Peace be within you."
Psa 122:9 For the sake of the house of Yahweh our God, I will seek your good.

Psa 123:1 To you I do lift up my eyes, you who sit in the heavens.
Psa 123:2 Behold, as the eyes of servants look to the hand of their master, as the eyes of a maid to the hand of her mistress; so our eyes look to Yahweh, our God, until he has mercy on us.
Psa 123:3 Have mercy on us, Yahweh, have mercy on us, for we have endured much contempt.
Psa 123:4 Our soul is exceedingly filled with the scoffing of those who are at ease, with the contempt of the proud.

Psa 124:1 If it had not been Yahweh who was on our side, let Israel now say,
Psa 124:2 if it had not been Yahweh who was on our side, when men rose up against us;
Psa 124:3 then they would have swallowed us up alive, when their wrath was kindled against us;
Psa 124:4 then the waters would have overwhelmed us, the stream would have gone over our soul;
Psa 124:5 then the proud waters would have gone over our soul.
Psa 124:6 Blessed be Yahweh, who has not given us as a prey to their teeth.
Psa 124:7 Our soul has escaped like a bird out of the fowler's snare. The snare is broken, and we have escaped.
Psa 124:8 Our help is in the name of Yahweh, who made heaven and earth. 

Sept. 30
2 Corinthians 10

2Co 10:1 Now I Paul, myself, entreat you by the humility and gentleness of Christ; I who in your presence am lowly among you, but being absent am of good courage toward you.
2Co 10:2 Yes, I beg you that I may not, when present, show courage with the confidence with which I intend to be bold against some, who consider us to be walking according to the flesh.
2Co 10:3 For though we walk in the flesh, we don't wage war according to the flesh;
2Co 10:4 for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but mighty before God to the throwing down of strongholds,
2Co 10:5 throwing down imaginations and every high thing that is exalted against the knowledge of God, and bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ;
2Co 10:6 and being in readiness to avenge all disobedience, when your obedience will be made full.
2Co 10:7 Do you look at things only as they appear in front of your face? If anyone trusts in himself that he is Christ's, let him consider this again with himself, that, even as he is Christ's, so also we are Christ's.
2Co 10:8 For though I should boast somewhat abundantly concerning our authority, (which the Lord gave for building you up, and not for casting you down) I will not be disappointed,
2Co 10:9 that I may not seem as if I desire to terrify you by my letters.
2Co 10:10 For, "His letters," they say, "are weighty and strong, but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech is despised."
2Co 10:11 Let such a person consider this, that what we are in word by letters when we are absent, such are we also in deed when we are present.
2Co 10:12 For we are not bold to number or compare ourselves with some of those who commend themselves. But they themselves, measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves with themselves, are without understanding.
2Co 10:13 But we will not boast beyond proper limits, but within the boundaries with which God appointed to us, which reach even to you.
2Co 10:14 For we don't stretch ourselves too much, as though we didn't reach to you. For we came even as far as to you with the Good News of Christ,
2Co 10:15 not boasting beyond proper limits in other men's labors, but having hope that as your faith grows, we will be abundantly enlarged by you in our sphere of influence,
2Co 10:16 so as to preach the Good News even to the parts beyond you, not to boast in what someone else has already done.
2Co 10:17 But "he who boasts, let him boast in the Lord."
2Co 10:18 For it isn't he who commends himself who is approved, but whom the Lord commends.

Oct. 1
2 Corinthians 11

2Co 11:1 I wish that you would bear with me in a little foolishness, but indeed you do bear with me.
2Co 11:2 For I am jealous over you with a godly jealousy. For I married you to one husband, that I might present you as a pure virgin to Christ.
2Co 11:3 But I am afraid that somehow, as the serpent deceived Eve in his craftiness, so your minds might be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
2Co 11:4 For if he who comes preaches another Jesus, whom we did not preach, or if you receive a different spirit, which you did not receive, or a different "good news", which you did not accept, you put up with that well enough.
2Co 11:5 For I reckon that I am not at all behind the very best apostles.
2Co 11:6 But though I am unskilled in speech, yet I am not unskilled in knowledge. No, in every way we have been revealed to you in all things.
2Co 11:7 Or did I commit a sin in humbling myself that you might be exalted, because I preached to you God's Good News free of charge?
2Co 11:8 I robbed other assemblies, taking wages from them that I might serve you.
2Co 11:9 When I was present with you and was in need, I wasn't a burden on anyone, for the brothers, when they came from Macedonia, supplied the measure of my need. In everything I kept myself from being burdensome to you, and I will continue to do so.
2Co 11:10 As the truth of Christ is in me, no one will stop me from this boasting in the regions of Achaia.
2Co 11:11 Why? Because I don't love you? God knows.
2Co 11:12 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them that desire an occasion, that in which they boast, they may be found even as we.
2Co 11:13 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, masquerading as Christ's apostles.
2Co 11:14 And no wonder, for even Satan masquerades as an angel of light.
2Co 11:15 It is no great thing therefore if his servants also masquerade as servants of righteousness, whose end will be according to their works.
2Co 11:16 I say again, let no one think me foolish. But if so, yet receive me as foolish, that I also may boast a little.
2Co 11:17 That which I speak, I don't speak according to the Lord, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of boasting.
2Co 11:18 Seeing that many boast after the flesh, I will also boast.
2Co 11:19 For you bear with the foolish gladly, being wise.
2Co 11:20 For you bear with a man, if he brings you into bondage, if he devours you, if he takes you captive, if he exalts himself, if he strikes you on the face.
2Co 11:21 I speak by way of disparagement, as though we had been weak. Yet however any is bold (I speak in foolishness), I am bold also.
2Co 11:22 Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? So am I.
2Co 11:23 Are they servants of Christ? (I speak as one beside himself) I am more so; in labors more abundantly, in prisons more abundantly, in stripes above measure, in deaths often.
2Co 11:24 Five times from the Jews I received forty stripes minus one.
2Co 11:25 Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I was stoned. Three times I suffered shipwreck. I have been a night and a day in the deep.
2Co 11:26 I have been in travels often, perils of rivers, perils of robbers, perils from my countrymen, perils from the Gentiles, perils in the city, perils in the wilderness, perils in the sea, perils among false brothers;
2Co 11:27 in labor and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, and in cold and nakedness.
2Co 11:28 Besides those things that are outside, there is that which presses on me daily, anxiety for all the assemblies.
2Co 11:29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? Who is caused to stumble, and I don't burn with indignation?
2Co 11:30 If I must boast, I will boast of the things that concern my weakness.
2Co 11:31 The God and Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, he who is blessed forevermore, knows that I don't lie.
2Co 11:32 In Damascus the governor under Aretas the king guarded the city of the Damascenes desiring to arrest me.
2Co 11:33 Through a window I was let down in a basket by the wall, and escaped his hands.