Quantum Mechanics: "No Universal Cause Necessary"? by Jeff Miller, Ph.D.



Quantum Mechanics: "No Universal Cause Necessary"?

by  Jeff Miller, Ph.D.


If causality fails in quantum mechanics, doesn’t that prove that a Universal Cause isn’t necessary?


Writing in Nature, Howard Wiseman, Professor of Physics at Griffith University, explained that, “In 1964, Northern Irish physicist John Bell proved mathematically that certain quantum correlations, unlike all other correlations in the Universe, cannot arise from any local cause.”1 Does that mean that a cause for the Universe is unnecessary? If a “quantum fluctuation” does not necessarily require a local cause, doesn’t that mean that a Universe-generating quantum fluctuation would not necessarily require a cause?

The key word that must not be overlooked in a proper understanding of Bell’s Theorem is the word “local.” In order to answer the above questions, that term must be defined and understood. Consider a simplified example: it takes about eight minutes for light from the Sun to reach Earth. But let’s say you were standing on the Sun by yourself, without any interaction with me, but every time I clicked my computer mouse on Earth, you immediately and uncontrollably hopped. There was not a delay of eight minutes. The effect was immediate. The effect of you hopping would be the result of a “non-local” cause. In his article, “Spooky Action at a Distance,” Dr. Gary Felder, Professor of Physics at Smith College, explains locality as “the principle that an event which happens at one place can’t instantaneously affect an event someplace else. For example: if a distant star were to suddenly blow up tomorrow, the principle of locality says that there is no way we could know about this event or be affected by it until something, e.g. a light beam, had time to travel from that star to Earth.”2 The question is, does that principle always hold true? According to what’s known as Bell’s Theorem, at the quantum level, the principle of locality does not hold true. Jacob Aron, writing in New Scientist, explained that in quantum theory, “particles could become entangled, so that measuring one would instantly influence the measurement of the other, even if they were far apart.”3 Felder explained: “Bell proved that the results predicted by quantum mechanics could not be explained by any theory which preserved locality. In other words, if you set up an experiment like that described by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen, and you get the results predicted by quantum mechanics, then there is no way that locality could be true…. In short, locality is dead.”4

Now what does this mean for using the Law of Causality to prove the Universe could not create itself?5 Three quick points to consider in response to that question:

  • Most important: even if Bell’s Theorem holds true, and it very well may, it does not disprove the Law of Causality—i.e., the need of a cause for every effect in the Universe. Bell’s Theorem argues that there is not a need for a local cause at the quantum level (i.e., locality), but it does not claim that there is not still a necessary relationship between cause and effect—i.e., that causality still holds. While Bell experiments seem to show that there is not always a direct correlation between a cause and effect at the local level, scientists see that there does still seem to be a correlation between the causes and effects in Bell’s Theorem experiments, even if the correlation is not local. According to Bell’s Theorem, a cause can create a distant effect instantly without apparent (or, at least, understandable) interaction (e.g., separated electrons can “affect each other instantly”6), but there is still an acknowledged relationship between the cause and effect even if it is distant and immediate. My clicks are undeniably causing you to jump, even if we do not understand why. In the words of Wiseman, concerning the non-local reality interpretation of Bell’s Theorem, it is possible that “the setting of one measuring device can influence the reading of another instrument, however remote”7—i.e., the cause and effect are still apparently correlated. So, Bell’s Theorem may highlight another type of cause and effect relationship, but it does not negate the need for a cause in the first place.
  • Scientists recognize that they do not completely understand why Bell’s Theorem seems to hold true. They acknowledge that there may be things we have not discovered about reality which could affect our understanding of what is happening at the quantum level and which could prove that the cause is ultimately still “local.”8 In other words, compared to what we know about the macroscopic realm from centuries of study, we are relative novices when it comes to the study of the quantum world. We simply do not have all the answers as to what is happening in that realm, but, on the other hand, the evidence for the Law of Causality is abundant and undeniable.
  • Scientists even acknowledge that Bell’s Theorem may be false and that further investigation and accumulation of knowledge may reveal that fact. According to Felder, hidden assumptions (e.g., the assumption that “no signal can propagate faster than the speed of light,” which is a fundamental element of Einstein’s theory of relativity) could be corrupting the Bell experiment results.9 Wiseman conceded that “[b]efore investing too much angst or money, one wants to be sure that Bell correlations really exist. As of now, there are no loophole-free Bell experiments.”10

Bottom line: all observed evidence in the Universe, whether at the quantum or super-quantum level, indicates that in the realm in which we live, an effect must have a cause. The Universe is an effect, and if one is to be rational (i.e., follow the evidence we have at our disposal), he must acknowledge that there must be an ultimate cause for the Universe, whether it be local or non-local. According to the evidence, that Cause is none other than the God of the Bible.11


1 Howard Wiseman (2014), “Bell’s Theorem Still Reverberates,” Nature, 510[7506]:467-469, p. 467.

2 Gary Felder (1999), “Spooky Action at a Distance,” Math and Physics Help, http://www.felderbooks.com/papers/bell.html, italics in orig.

3 Jacob Aron (2015), “Quantum Weirdness is Reality,” New Scientist, 227[3037]:8-9, September 5, p. 8.

4 Felder.

5 Jeff Miller (2011), “God and the Laws of Science: The Law of Causality,” Apologetics Press, http://apologeticspress.org/APContent.aspx?category=12&article=3716&topic=90.

6 Felder.

7 Wiseman, p. 468.

8 Felder.

9 Ibid.

10 Wiseman, p. 468.

11 Jeff Miller (2015), “How Can a Person Know Which God Exists?” Reason & Revelation, 35[5]:52-53, May, http://apologeticspress.org/pub_rar/35_5/1505.pdf.

Proving Your Faith by Wayne Jackson, M.A.



Proving Your Faith

by  Wayne Jackson, M.A.

How do we know that Jesus Christ is truly the Son of God? Is our faith based merely upon tradition? Is faith the result of religious fanaticism? No, genuine faith stands firmly upon evidence.

After the conversion of Saul of Tarsus, the newly appointed apostle entered the Jewish synagogues and “proclaimed Jesus, that he is the son of God” (Acts 9:20). His message continually amazed those who heard it. It seemed incredible that one who had so opposed the Christian Way could now be one of its most zealous advocates. The historian Luke informed his readers that Saul increased in strength, and he “confounded the Jews that lived in Damascus, proving that this is the Christ” (Acts 9:22).

Of interest in this passage is the term “proving.” It is a translation of the Greek word sumbibazon. It is a present tense participle form, which suggests that Paul's preaching was characterized consistently by a demonstrative line of argumentation. The original term, from an etymological viewpoint means “to bring together,” as when, for example, parts of the body are brought together (i.e., tied together) by sinew, ligament, etc. (see Ephesians 4:16).

In the context of Acts 9:22, the word connotes bringing together pieces of information from which a logical conclusion is drawn. In “proving” to the Jews that Jesus is the “Christ” (i.e., the promised Old Testament Messiah), Paul would have: (1) introduced specific Old Testament prophecies concerning the coming Messiah; (2) compared those predictions with factual data that pertained to Jesus of Nazareth; and, (3) from the preceding, he would have drawn irresistible conclusions that no rational and honest person could deny.

The critic who alleges that Christianity is merely emotional, and not intellectual, simply does not know the facts.

Pope Francis Claims God Will Save Atheists by Kyle Butt, M.Div.



Pope Francis Claims God Will Save Atheists

by  Kyle Butt, M.Div.

On Wednesday, May 22, 2013 Pope Francis conducted Mass in Rome. During that service, he made one of the most memorable and astonishing statements ever spoken by anyone who calls himself a Christian. The theme of his sermon was that all humans should do good deeds for others. In the course of the talk he stated:

The Lord has redeemed all of us, all of us, with the Blood of Christ: all of us, not just Catholics. Everyone! “Father, the atheists?” Even the atheists. Everyone! And this Blood makes us children of God of the first class! We are created children in the likeness of God and the Blood of Christ has redeemed us all! And we all have a duty to do good. And this commandment for everyone to do good, I think, is a beautiful path towards peace. If we, each doing our own part, if we do good to others, if we meet there, doing good, and we go slowly, gently, little by little, we will make that culture of encounter: we need that so much. We must meet one another doing good. “But I don’t believe, Father, I am an atheist!” But do good: we will meet one another there (“Pope at Mass...,” 2013, emp. added).

The Pope’s statement highlights two very important issues. First, it shows how far the Pope and the Catholic Church have fallen from the teachings of Jesus Christ. Jesus explained to the first-century Jews: “If you do not believe that I am He, you will die in your sins” (John 8:24). His point could not have been more clear: acceptance of the fact that Jesus is the Son of God is required for salvation. That is why Jesus told His apostles: “I am the way, the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me” (John 14:6). Furthermore, the inspired apostle Paul explained that Jesus Christ is coming “from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ” (2 Thessalonians 1:7-8, emp. added). John, the disciple whom Jesus loved, boldly stated: “Who is a liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist who denies the Father and the Son. Whoever denies the Son does not have the Father either; he who acknowledges the Son has the Father also.” Make no mistake, neither Jesus nor His inspired apostles ever once hinted at the possibility that people who do not believe in God will be saved. They will not. Revelation 21:8 explains: “But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral…shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death” (emp. added).

The second issue evident in Francis’ statement is the fact that pressure from the unbelieving community is mounting. As the number of unbelievers gradually increases, so does the temptation to appease them and attempt to bend the truth to ingratiate one’s self or organization with unbelievers. As Christians—followers of Jesus Christ—we must resist this tempation at all cost. Yes, praise God, Jesus’ blood is powerful enough to redeem unbelievers, if and only if, those unbelievers turn to Him with humble hearts, confess that He is God’s son, and obey the Gospel (Lyons and Butt, n.d.). Barring that response, unbelievers can look forward to nothing in the afterlife except a “certain fearful expectation of judgment” (Hebrews 10:27).


Lyons, Eric and Kyle Butt (No Date), Receiving the Gift of Salvation, Apologetics Press, http://apologeticspress.org/pdfs/e-books_pdf/Receiving%20the%20Gift%20of%20Salvation.pdf.

“Pope at Mass: Culture of Encounter Is the Foundation of Peace” (2013), Vatican Radio, http://en.radiovaticana.va/news/2013/05/22/pope_at_mass:_culture_of_encounter_is_the_foundation_of_peace/en1-694445.

"THE GOSPEL OF MARK" Beware Of Pretentious Scribes (12:38-40) by Mark Copeland


 Beware Of Pretentious Scribes (12:38-40)


1. Teaching in the temple on Tuesday of the Last Week, Jesus has
   countered the doctrines of various religious and political leaders...
   a. The Pharisees and Herodians
   b. The Sadducees and scribes

2. Toward the end, He then addressed the practices of some of them...
   a. Especially the scribes - Mk 12:38-40
   b. But also the Pharisees - cf. Mt 23:1-39

[Mark’s gospel limits Jesus’ censure to pretentious (self-important and
affected, made to look or sound important) scribes, which we shall also
do in this lesson.  Let’s begin with what is said about the...]


      1. Their "flowing robes" were full-length prayer shawls with
         tassels attached to the four corners, in contrast to the
         colorful common Jewish dress. - J.R. Edwards (PNTC)
      2. Made of wool or linen, these blanket-like mantles, known as
         tallits, distinguished rabbis and scholars as men of wealth and eminence. - ibid.
      -- They relished the distinction of their robes and the attention it gave them

      1. "the formal salutations in the market-places, and to have the
         people address them as ‘rabbi.’ " - Hendriksen (NTC); cf. Mt 23:6
      2. What the men who are here rebuked were always longing for was
         not a mere token of friendliness but rather a demonstration of
         respect, a public recognition of their prominence. - ibid.
      -- They wanted to be addressed by titles that distinguished and elevated them

      1. Refers to the benches along the walls of the synagogues, and
         especially to the dais at the front of the synagogue, which
         faced the congregation seated on the floor in the middle of the
         synagogue. - Edwards (PNTC)
      2. These "first seats," as they were called in Greek, were
         reserved for teachers and persons of rank, and afforded the
         best position from which to address the congregation. - ibid.
      -- They loved the honor and attention such seats gave them

      1. Seating at banquets was either according to age or according to
         importance. - C.A. Evans (WBC)
      2. Jesus had warned against seeking out the best places at a feast - Lk 14:7-11
      -- They wanted privileges they felt due their position and stature

      1. By embezzling funds set up for the care of widows - Evans (WBC)
      2. By freeloading on the hospitality of widows - ibid.
      3. By mismanaging estates or wills of widows entrusted to them - ibid.
      -- They took advantage of widows who trusted them

      1. The scribes were capable of lengthy, eloquent prayers - Evans (WBC)
      2. But this they did in pretense, consistent with their
         ostentation in dress and pursuit of honors and recognition - ibid.
      -- They paraded their religious knowledge and supposed piety

[Human nature being what it is, it should not surprise us that there can also be...]


      1. Distinctive clerical garb, without NT authority
      2. Religious titles (Reverend, Father, Pastor, Preacher) - contra Mt 23:8-10
         a. Apostle, prophet, pastor, elder, evangelist, teacher are
            descriptive terms in the NT
         b. They are never used as religious titles in the NT
      3. Reserved seating in worship
      4. Preferred treatment at social gatherings
      5. Unaccountable control of financial resources
      6. Always being asked to lead public prayers
      -- Even well-intentioned respect can easily lead to pretentiousness

      1. Preferring to wear distinctive clothing to stand out, gain respect
      2. Expecting others to address them by religious titles
      3. Demanding special seating in worship
      4. Assuming preferred treatment in social settings
      5. Embezzling church funds, taking advantage of widows
      6. Praying long, showy prayers by rote
      -- Ministers of Christ are called to be humble servants - Mt 23:11-12


1. The words of Jesus should serve as a warning...
   a. Not just to those who might be led astray by the pretentiousness of religious leaders
   b. But by religious leaders themselves, lest they no longer serve as
      true ministers of Christ

2. It is not just religious leaders who can have problems with pretentiousness...
   a. The average Christian can easily be ostentatious in their conduct and clothing
   b. Thus we should give careful thought to these words of Jesus:

   And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles
   himself will be exalted. - Mt 23:12         
Executable Outlines, Copyright © Mark A. Copeland, 2016

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5 Things to Do During Troubling Times by Ken Weliever, The Preacherman



5 Things to Do During Troubling Times

“I’m in trouble.”


It’s a word that stops us in our tracks. Gets our attention. And causes us to listen.

There are all kinds of trouble. Car trouble. Financial trouble. Relational trouble. Legal trouble. Marital trouble.

Some troubles are physical. Others are mental. Emotional. Or even spiritual.

We encounter trouble in our jobs. At home. In our neighborhoods. And even at church.

Sometimes, we sing a hymn by Bill Gaither that begins like this.

Troublesome times are here, filling men’s hearts with fear
Freedom we all hold dear now is at stake
Humbling your hearts to God saves from the chastening rod
Seek the way pilgrims trod, Christians awake

During this highly polarized, and partisan election year we talk about our country being in trouble. It reminds me of a quip by the American novelist and social critic Sinclair Lewis “The trouble with this country is that there are too many people going about saying, ‘The trouble with this country is….’”

Whatever trouble you’re facing right now, here are 5 suggestions from Scripture that will help you deal with trouble.

#1 Realize your troubles are not unique or unusual.

The patriarch Job affirmed, “Man who is born of woman Is of few days and full of trouble” (Job 14:1).

Some of life’s troubles are the result of others’ misdeeds or mistreatment. Some troubles are self-inflicted. And other troubles are simply the result of time and chance (Eccl. 9:11). Also God may use trouble as a means of discipline (Heb 12:3-11).

The advice columnist Ann Landers was once asked what the single piece of advice she would offer humanity. She replied, “Expect trouble as an inevitable part of life, and when it comes, hold your head high, look it squarely in the eye and say, ‘I will be bigger than you. You cannot defeat me.”

#2 Call on the Lord.

The Psalms often speak of the trial of trouble. David’s often repeated answer was, “I will call upon God (Ps. 55:16). Asaph said, In the day of trouble I sought the Lord (Ps. 77:2).

The Bible teaches that God knows about our troubles. Cares about our problems. Hears our cry. And will answer our fervent prayer.

#3 Remember past blessings.

When Asaph faced trouble, he said, “I will remember the works of the Lord.” He recalled the Lord’s works of old. His greatness. His goodness. His grace. And the blessings he received through the years (Ps. 77:10-15).

When we’re in the midst of some troubling situation, it’s easy to forget about all the good things we’ve enjoyed. How God has blessed us. And the Divine promise to never leave us or forsake us.

#4 Meditate on the Word.

In our hectic, fast-paced culture, with a demanding agenda, never-ending task lists, and jam-packed schedules, meditation is a lost virtue.

Unfortunately, when trouble comes, we may waste time wringing our hands and worrying, instead of meditating on God’s Word. His works. And His will for our lives.

In the face of trouble, Asaph resolved to meditate on God’s mighty deeds. David provides for us the right focus when he wrote in Ps 119:15-16

I will meditate on Your precepts,
And contemplate Your ways.
I will delight myself in Your statutes;
I will not forget Your word.

“Meditation is vital to spiritual development,” opined Dee Bowman. And it’s vital to look at our troubles with the right perspective and moving forward.

#5 Declare God’s goodness.

As Asaph worked his way through trouble, he realized that God is great, works wonders, and offers redemption. So he exclaimed, “I will declare your strength among the peoples” (Ps 77:13-15).

Too often we grumble and grip against God when we face trouble. Or worse yet, we blame God.

You will feel better and your troubles will be easier to face and resolve when you enlist God’s help. Praise Him. And verbally proclaim His presence, providence and power working in your life.

Finally, it’s well to remember the succinct advice of William Arthur Ward. “Wise are they who have learned these truths: Trouble is temporary. Time is tonic. Tribulation is a test tube.”

–Ken Weliever, The Preacherman





Did God authorize the use of musical instruments under the New Covenant? Yes, He did. Not only did God authorize musical instrument in the New Testament, He commanded them. He also commanded we sing without instruments.

Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom, teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord. (NKJV)

We are commanded to sing psalms. Colossians 3:16, Ephesians 5:19.

What is a psalm? Psalm 81:2 Raise a song, strike the timbrel, The sweet sounding lyre with the harp. (NASB)


1. Word Origin: Old English, from Late Latin psalmus. from Greek psalmos accompanied on the harp, from psallein to play (the harp) (Ref. Collins English Dictionary)

 2. Primarily denoted a striking or twitching with the finger (on musical strings), then, a sacred song, sung to musical accompaniment, a psalm. (Ref. Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words)

3. Word Origin and History for psalm: Old English psealm, salm, partly from Old French psaume, saume, partly from Church Latin psalmus, from Greek psalmos "song sung to a harp," originally "performance on stringed instrument; a plucking of a harp (cf. psaltes "harper"), from psallein "play on a stringed instrument, pull, twitch"

Used in Septuagint for Hebrew mizmor "song," especially the sort sung by David to the harp. Related: Psalmodize; psalmody.... (Ref. Online Etymology Dictionary, 2010 Douglas Harper)

4. Origin of Psalm: Middle English, from Old English psealm, from Late Latin psalmus, from Greek psalmos, literally, twanging of a harp. from psallein to pluck, play a stringed instrument. First Known Use: before 12th century. (REF. Merriam Webster)

God did not change the definition of the word psalm from the Old Testament to the New Testament. Psalm did not mean with musical instruments on 32 AD and then on the Day of Pentecost change to mean without instruments.

If God says it, it is His tradition. If men speak things that God did not, it is man-made tradition.

I believe worshipping with or without musical instruments is acceptable to God. It should never be a test of fellowship.   

The Teacher by Sandra F. Cobble



The Teacher

Sandy almost wished she was not required to wear her helmet. The warm June breeze would feel good flowing through her hair as she rode home on her motor scooter. She was happy. Today, her whole world seemed right to her. Last week she had led the procession through graduation exercises. When she finished the quarter for which she had just registered, she would receive her Associate of Arts Degree, Magna cum laude. And she had already been accepted by David Lipscomb College where she would pursue her Bachelor's Degree, and perhaps even her Master's. After nearly forty-four years, a seemingly impossible dream of teaching was becoming a reality.

The desire to become a teacher had taken root when Sandy was seven. She had been in an orphanage several months. As usual, that morning the children were scattered out by two's and three's along the several blocks to the school. Sandy preferred to walk alone. She liked to think about things. But this morning was different. There was something about the little girl she had just passed. Sandy turned and went back. The girl was dragging -- really dragging her feet -- making every step last as long as possible.

As they talked, Sandy learned that the girl was terrified of crossing streets. Having been raised in Los Angeles, Sandy had known how to read signals and observe traffic almost by the time she could walk. When they got to the first crossing, Sandy even had to help the girl off the curb. As she helped, she also explained the signals, and how important it was to look both ways before crossing. The next street was easier. Then their steps quickened. By the time they reached school, the girl was eagerly explaining to Sandy how to cross safely!

But the climax came that afternoon. The girl was walking with a group a little ahead of Sandy. One girl in the group started to cross before the light changed. The girl whom Sandy had taught held her back and began explaining the proper way to cross! It was a thrill to Sandy. She had done her job well. And she knew she must teach.

However, the realities of life had forced Sandy to lay aside her dream. Then shortly after her husband's death nearly three years before, she had become acquainted with a minister who thought in terms of possibilities, rather than impossibilities. At his encouragement, she had completed her high school studies. Then at her request he had begun teaching her the Koine Greek of the New Testament. As he taught, he also taught her how to meet the challenges of life. Then an opportunity had come for her to attend the local community college. It had been thirty two years since she had sat in a classroom. She was hesitant. But with his encouragement she entered. And now her dream was on its way to becoming a reality.

Sandy fastened the strap securely under her chin and began the five mile trip home. It was good to be alive. "You are in St. Thomas Hospital in Nashville," the voice said. "You have been in an accident." "Apparently your helmet came off," the voice continued. "Your skull has been fractured." "And", the voice went on enumerating, "both of your legs have been broken. You have broken ribs and a punctured lung. The bones of your left hand have been broken." Sandy was left-handed! "And," the voice continued, "two of your vertebrae are cracked. Probably you were thrown forward, then backward. Your spinal cord is severed." Her world stood still.... "You will be permanently paralyzed from your chest down."

"Sandra," her teacher friend told her, "You have climbed mountains before by doing what you can, where you are, with what you have. Now God will enable you to climb another mountain by doing what you can't, where you are not, with what you do not have. Peter could not walk on water, but he did. Jesus, on the cross, did more for the world than any other off the cross. So you may be able to do more to help and inspire mankind, on this cross, or in a wheelchair as you learn and teach than you could walking around on two good legs."

Sandy believed him. Then came the infection in the lining of her heart. "Crash cart, room 226, stat!" came the voice over the intercom. That was her room! But even eight weeks in the hospital did not diminish her determination to continue her education and to become a teacher.

But she cried all night her first night in the nursing home. Within a few days she began physical therapy. Therapy was intense and rigorous. But every effort, no matter how feeble, met with approval. Sometimes, though, it seemed to Sandy that she progressed one inch forward and two inches backwards. When not in therapy, she was free to pursue her own interests. While in college she had begun writing, and some of her work had been published. She wrote an article on being in control of one's own life. It was quickly published. About the same time, her hometown newspaper did a feature story on her. After months of therapy she had finally come to the point of being able to transfer from her chair to the mat. Then while practicing transfers she fell -- on concrete.

She had broken her fall with her left hand. Her hand was not broken. But it was some time before she was allowed to use it in transferring. The fall made Sandy do some serious thinking. Would she ever reach the point where she could live alone? And, if she did, would it be wise? Would not she be imposing too great a burden on her friends? Other paraplegics had been held up to her as examples, but on investigating, Sandy found that each either had a family, or at least part-time help. She would have neither.

There were two paraplegics in the nursing home. Elizabeth had her spinal cord severed at the same point as Sandy's. She had been in the nursing home over thirty years. She could not even bother to dress herself. Nor could she transfer. And there was Don. He, too, was injured as she. And he was helpless. He had been there eight years. Was she not a fool for thinking she could make it on her own? She began to get despondent. And remembering the words which she had written, Sandy became even more despondent. She could write words, but she could not live by her own words!

"Whether you ever reach the point where you can live alone," admonished the therapist, "will depend on you." And Sandy knew he spoke truth. Other things began to come into her consideration. Most of the patients were very elderly. Would she possibly have to spend thirty years or more here? And what about those who cared about her? Would not she be letting them down if she gave up without trying further? She could not give up. She might not make it. But she was not going to give up.

Months passed. To qualify for Medicaid, Sandy had to sell her home. The money she received from her own life insurance for loss of the use of her legs had to go on medical expenses. Then she learned that the drunken driver who had rammed her motor scooter from behind only got a three year sentence, and would probably serve less than one year. She faced a lifetime sentence in a wheelchair. She had already lost everything . Her hopes and dreams, her home, and almost her life. Now this! Bitterly, she slammed the trapeze bar with a left hook. Life was unfair! She had been refused Medicaid again -- this time because of a trust fund her church had established for her.

Sandy knew she was getting into deep water, and she knew she needed help. But she was ashamed to call home. Surely she could work this out by herself. But as the evening wore on, she knew she had better call someone. Thoughts of suicide were already venturing into her mind. It was late, but the local minister stayed until she calmed down. Two elders from her home congregation came the next day. So did her teacher friend. She knew they had been called. But they did not rebuke her. They cared. They were there to help. They were there because they loved her. And together they found a solution. Her world was right again. And her determination was renewed.

Finally the day arrived! It was moving day! A day which Sandy had thought might never come. She was home in her new apartment. She adjusted more quickly to independent living than anyone had anticipated. Sandy had resumed her studies while in the nursing home. Shortly after returning home she had received her degree. Now there was a new class for which she registered.

The assignment called for her to write two short stories. Sandy had chosen to write from her own personal experience. The first had been submitted. Now she was working on the second. "Tell your readers," instructed her professor, "why you were so determined to leave the nursing home." She really had intended to write about some characters and incidents which took place. And she was still free to do so. But his suggestion made her stop and think. Why was she so determined to leave? She knew she could serve God wherever she might be. She knew those who loved her would not be disappointed in her if she had chosen to stay, even after she was capable of leaving. And she knew she was taking a very big risk. But she still had been determined to leave. Why?

As Sandy pondered the question, her understanding began to be opened. Crossing a street can be a challenge in the life of a child. Because Sandy had early learned to meet that challenge, she had been able to teach another through word and example. She had done more than just teach a child to cross a street safely. She had taught her to meet the challenges of life. And now through her writing and through her example of determination she would teach others to meet the challenges in their lives.

God had enabled her to climb another mountain! She had become the teacher she had dreamed of becoming! The textbooks from which she taught were the eternal truths of God, written both in the Bible and in the universe, and the examples of her own life. Her classroom was the hearts and minds of men. And her students were scattered throughout the world. For already those who had seen her life and read her words, were using them to teach others -- even in other nations! The encouragement she had received from those who had heard about her efforts to fight victoriously in the battles of life, including a personal note from Nancy Reagan in the White House, would help her to encourage them to do the same in their battles.

Look! Is not that another mountain out yonder? And is not that a Doctorate in Languages and Linguistics at the peak? What challenges will be along the way?

Sandra F. Cobble

Published in The Old Paths Archive

Bible Reading for April 16 - 18 by Gary Rose


Bible Reading for April 16 - 18

World  English  Bible


Apr. 16

Numbers 23, 24

Num 23:1 Balaam said to Balak, Build me here seven altars, and prepare me here seven bulls and seven rams.

Num 23:2 Balak did as Balaam had spoken; and Balak and Balaam offered on every altar a bull and a ram.

Num 23:3 Balaam said to Balak, Stand by your burnt offering, and I will go: perhaps Yahweh will come to meet me; and whatever he shows me I will tell you. He went to a bare height.

Num 23:4 God met Balaam: and he said to him, I have prepared the seven altars, and I have offered up a bull and a ram on every altar.

Num 23:5 Yahweh put a word in Balaam's mouth, and said, Return to Balak, and thus you shall speak.

Num 23:6 He returned to him, and behold, he was standing by his burnt offering, he, and all the princes of Moab.

Num 23:7 He took up his parable, and said, From Aram has Balak brought me, The king of Moab from the mountains of the East: Come, curse me Jacob, Come, defy Israel.

Num 23:8 How shall I curse, whom God has not cursed? How shall I defy, whom Yahweh has not defied?

Num 23:9 For from the top of the rocks I see him, From the hills I see him: behold, it is a people that dwells alone, And shall not be reckoned among the nations.

Num 23:10 Who can count the dust of Jacob, Or number the fourth part of Israel? Let me die the death of the righteous, Let my last end be like his!

Num 23:11 Balak said to Balaam, What have you done to me? I took you to curse my enemies, and behold, you have blessed them altogether.

Num 23:12 He answered and said, Must I not take heed to speak that which Yahweh puts in my mouth?

Num 23:13 Balak said to him, Please come with me to another place, from whence you may see them; you shall see but the utmost part of them, and shall not see them all: and curse me them from there.

Num 23:14 He took him into the field of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah, and built seven altars, and offered up a bull and a ram on every altar.

Num 23:15 He said to Balak, Stand here by your burnt offering, while I meet Yahweh yonder.

Num 23:16 Yahweh met Balaam, and put a word in his mouth, and said, Return to Balak, and say this.

Num 23:17 He came to him, and behold, he was standing by his burnt offering, and the princes of Moab with him. Balak said to him, What has Yahweh spoken?

Num 23:18 He took up his parable, and said, Rise up, Balak, and hear! Listen to me, you son of Zippor.

Num 23:19 God is not a man, that he should lie, nor the son of man, that he should repent. Has he said, and will he not do it? Or has he spoken, and will he not make it good?

Num 23:20 Behold, I have received a command to bless. He has blessed, and I can't reverse it.

Num 23:21 He has not seen iniquity in Jacob. Neither has he seen perverseness in Israel. Yahweh his God is with him. The shout of a king is among them.

Num 23:22 God brings them out of Egypt. He has as it were the strength of the wild ox.

Num 23:23 Surely there is no enchantment with Jacob; Neither is there any divination with Israel. Now it shall be said of Jacob and of Israel, What has God done!

Num 23:24 Behold, the people rises up as a lioness, As a lion he lifts himself up. He shall not lie down until he eat of the prey, and drinks the blood of the slain.

Num 23:25 Balak said to Balaam, Neither curse them at all, nor bless them at all.

Num 23:26 But Balaam answered Balak, Didn't I tell you, saying, All that Yahweh speaks, that I must do?

Num 23:27 Balak said to Balaam, Come now, I will take you to another place; peradventure it will please God that you may curse me them from there.

Num 23:28 Balak took Balaam to the top of Peor, that looks down on the desert.

Num 23:29 Balaam said to Balak, Build me here seven altars, and prepare me here seven bulls and seven rams.

Num 23:30 Balak did as Balaam had said, and offered up a bull and a ram on every altar.

Num 24:1 When Balaam saw that it pleased Yahweh to bless Israel, he didn't go, as at the other times, to meet with enchantments, but he set his face toward the wilderness.

Num 24:2 Balaam lifted up his eyes, and he saw Israel dwelling according to their tribes; and the Spirit of God came on him.

Num 24:3 He took up his parable, and said, Balaam the son of Beor says, the man whose eye was closed says;

Num 24:4 he says, who hears the words of God, who sees the vision of the Almighty, falling down, and having his eyes open:

Num 24:5 How goodly are your tents, Jacob, and your tents, Israel!

Num 24:6 As valleys they are spread forth, as gardens by the riverside, as aloes which Yahweh has planted, as cedar trees beside the waters.

Num 24:7 Water shall flow from his buckets. His seed shall be in many waters. His king shall be higher than Agag. His kingdom shall be exalted.

Num 24:8 God brings him out of Egypt. He has as it were the strength of the wild ox. He shall eat up the nations his adversaries, shall break their bones in pieces, and pierce them with his arrows.

Num 24:9 He couched, he lay down as a lion, as a lioness; who shall rouse him up? Everyone who blesses you is blessed. Everyone who curses you is cursed.

Num 24:10 Balak's anger was kindled against Balaam, and he struck his hands together; and Balak said to Balaam, I called you to curse my enemies, and, behold, you have altogether blessed them these three times.

Num 24:11 Therefore now flee you to your place: I thought to promote you to great honor; but, behold, Yahweh has kept you back from honor.

Num 24:12 Balaam said to Balak, Didn't I also tell your messengers who you sent to me, saying,

Num 24:13 If Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold, I can't go beyond the word of Yahweh, to do either good or bad of my own mind; what Yahweh speaks, that will I speak?

Num 24:14 Now, behold, I go to my people: come, and I will inform you what this people shall do to your people in the latter days.

Num 24:15 He took up his parable, and said, Balaam the son of Beor says, the man whose eye was closed says;

Num 24:16 he says, who hears the words of God, knows the knowledge of the Most High, and who sees the vision of the Almighty, Falling down, and having his eyes open:

Num 24:17 I see him, but not now. I see him, but not near. A star will come out of Jacob. A scepter will rise out of Israel, and shall strike through the corners of Moab, and break down all the sons of Sheth.

Num 24:18 Edom shall be a possession. Seir, his enemies, also shall be a possession, while Israel does valiantly.

Num 24:19 Out of Jacob shall one have dominion, and shall destroy the remnant from the city.

Num 24:20 He looked at Amalek, and took up his parable, and said, Amalek was the first of the nations, But his latter end shall come to destruction.

Num 24:21 He looked at the Kenite, and took up his parable, and said, Your dwelling place is strong. Your nest is set in the rock.

Num 24:22 Nevertheless Kain shall be wasted, until Asshur carries you away captive.

Num 24:23 He took up his parable, and said, Alas, who shall live when God does this?

Num 24:24 But ships shall come from the coast of Kittim. They shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber. He also shall come to destruction.

Num 24:25 Balaam rose up, and went and returned to his place; and Balak also went his way. 


Apr. 17

Numbers 25, 26

Num 25:1 Israel abode in Shittim; and the people began to play the prostitute with the daughters of Moab:

Num 25:2 for they called the people to the sacrifices of their gods; and the people ate, and bowed down to their gods.

Num 25:3 Israel joined himself to Baal Peor: and the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Israel.

Num 25:4 Yahweh said to Moses, Take all the chiefs of the people, and hang them up to Yahweh before the sun, that the fierce anger of Yahweh may turn away from Israel.

Num 25:5 Moses said to the judges of Israel, Everyone kill his men who have joined themselves to Baal Peor.

Num 25:6 Behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought to his brothers a Midianite woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, while they were weeping at the door of the Tent of Meeting.

Num 25:7 When Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from the midst of the congregation, and took a spear in his hand;

Num 25:8 and he went after the man of Israel into the pavilion, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her body. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel.

Num 25:9 Those who died by the plague were twenty-four thousand.

Num 25:10 Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,

Num 25:11 Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, has turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, in that he was jealous with my jealousy among them, so that I didn't consume the children of Israel in my jealousy.

Num 25:12 Therefore say, Behold, I give to him my covenant of peace:

Num 25:13 and it shall be to him, and to his seed after him, the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was jealous for his God, and made atonement for the children of Israel.

Num 25:14 Now the name of the man of Israel that was slain, who was slain with the Midianite woman, was Zimri, the son of Salu, a prince of a fathers' house among the Simeonites.

Num 25:15 The name of the Midianite woman who was slain was Cozbi, the daughter of Zur; he was head of the people of a fathers' house in Midian.

Num 25:16 Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,

Num 25:17 Harass the Midianites, and strike them;

Num 25:18 for they harassed you with their wiles, with which they have deceived you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of the prince of Midian, their sister, who was slain on the day of the plague in the matter of Peor.

Num 26:1 It happened after the plague, that Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, saying,

Num 26:2 Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, by their fathers' houses, all who are able to go forth to war in Israel.

Num 26:3 Moses and Eleazar the priest spoke with them in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, saying,

Num 26:4 Take the sum of the people, from twenty years old and upward; as Yahweh commanded Moses and the children of Israel, that came forth out of the land of Egypt.

Num 26:5 Reuben, the firstborn of Israel; the sons of Reuben: of Hanoch, the family of the Hanochites; of Pallu, the family of the Palluites;

Num 26:6 of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; of Carmi, the family of the Carmites.

Num 26:7 These are the families of the Reubenites; and those who were numbered of them were forty-three thousand seven hundred thirty.

Num 26:8 The sons of Pallu: Eliab.

Num 26:9 The sons of Eliab: Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. These are that Dathan and Abiram, who were called of the congregation, who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against Yahweh,

Num 26:10 and the earth opened its mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died; what time the fire devoured two hundred fifty men, and they became a sign.

Num 26:11 Notwithstanding, the sons of Korah didn't die.

Num 26:12 The sons of Simeon after their families: of Nemuel, the family of the Nemuelites; of Jamin, the family of the Jaminites; of Jachin, the family of the Jachinites;

Num 26:13 of Zerah, the family of the Zerahites; of Shaul, the family of the Shaulites.

Num 26:14 These are the families of the Simeonites, twenty-two thousand two hundred.

Num 26:15 The sons of Gad after their families: of Zephon, the family of the Zephonites; of Haggi, the family of the Haggites; of Shuni, the family of the Shunites;

Num 26:16 of Ozni, the family of the Oznites; of Eri, the family of the Erites;

Num 26:17 of Arod, the family of the Arodites; of Areli, the family of the Arelites.

Num 26:18 These are the families of the sons of Gad according to those who were numbered of them, forty thousand and five hundred.

Num 26:19 The sons of Judah: Er and Onan; and Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan.

Num 26:20 The sons of Judah after their families were: of Shelah, the family of the Shelanites; of Perez, the family of the Perezites; of Zerah, the family of the Zerahites.

Num 26:21 The sons of Perez were: of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites.

Num 26:22 These are the families of Judah according to those who were numbered of them, seventy-six thousand five hundred.

Num 26:23 The sons of Issachar after their families: of Tola, the family of the Tolaites; of Puvah, the family of the Punites;

Num 26:24 of Jashub, the family of the Jashubites; of Shimron, the family of the Shimronites.

Num 26:25 These are the families of Issachar according to those who were numbered of them, sixty-four thousand three hundred.

Num 26:26 The sons of Zebulun after their families: of Sered, the family of the Seredites; of Elon, the family of the Elonites; of Jahleel, the family of the Jahleelites.

Num 26:27 These are the families of the Zebulunites according to those who were numbered of them, sixty thousand five hundred.

Num 26:28 The sons of Joseph after their families: Manasseh and Ephraim.

Num 26:29 The sons of Manasseh: of Machir, the family of the Machirites; and Machir became the father of Gilead; of Gilead, the family of the Gileadites.

Num 26:30 These are the sons of Gilead: of Iezer, the family of the Iezerites; of Helek, the family of the Helekites;

Num 26:31 and of Asriel, the family of the Asrielites; and of Shechem, the family of the Shechemites;

Num 26:32 and of Shemida, the family of the Shemidaites; and of Hepher, the family of the Hepherites.

Num 26:33 Zelophehad the son of Hepher had no sons, but daughters: and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.

Num 26:34 These are the families of Manasseh; and those who were numbered of them were fifty-two thousand seven hundred.

Num 26:35 These are the sons of Ephraim after their families: of Shuthelah, the family of the Shuthelahites; of Becher, the family of the Becherites; of Tahan, the family of the Tahanites.

Num 26:36 These are the sons of Shuthelah: of Eran, the family of the Eranites.

Num 26:37 These are the families of the sons of Ephraim according to those who were numbered of them, thirty-two thousand five hundred. These are the sons of Joseph after their families.

Num 26:38 The sons of Benjamin after their families: of Bela, the family of the Belaites; of Ashbel, the family of the Ashbelites; of Ahiram, the family of the Ahiramites;

Num 26:39 of Shephupham, the family of the Shuphamites; of Hupham, the family of the Huphamites.

Num 26:40 The sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman: of Ard, the family of the Ardites; of Naaman, the family of the Naamites.

Num 26:41 These are the sons of Benjamin after their families; and those who were numbered of them were forty-five thousand six hundred.

Num 26:42 These are the sons of Dan after their families: of Shuham, the family of the Shuhamites. These are the families of Dan after their families.

Num 26:43 All the families of the Shuhamites, according to those who were numbered of them, were sixty-four thousand four hundred.

Num 26:44 The sons of Asher after their families: of Imnah, the family of the Imnites; of Ishvi, the family of the Ishvites; of Beriah, the family of the Berites.

Num 26:45 Of the sons of Beriah: of Heber, the family of the Heberites; of Malchiel, the family of the Malchielites.

Num 26:46 The name of the daughter of Asher was Serah.

Num 26:47 These are the families of the sons of Asher according to those who were numbered of them, fifty-three thousand and four hundred.

Num 26:48 The sons of Naphtali after their families: of Jahzeel, the family of the Jahzeelites; of Guni, the family of the Gunites;

Num 26:49 of Jezer, the family of the Jezerites; of Shillem, the family of the Shillemites.

Num 26:50 These are the families of Naphtali according to their families; and those who were numbered of them were forty-five thousand four hundred.

Num 26:51 These are those who were numbered of the children of Israel, six hundred one thousand seven hundred thirty.

Num 26:52 Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,

Num 26:53 To these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names.

Num 26:54 To the more you shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer you shall give the less inheritance: to everyone according to those who were numbered of him shall his inheritance be given.

Num 26:55 Notwithstanding, the land shall be divided by lot: according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit.

Num 26:56 According to the lot shall their inheritance be divided between the more and the fewer.

Num 26:57 These are those who were numbered of the Levites after their families: of Gershon, the family of the Gershonites; of Kohath, the family of the Kohathites; of Merari, the family of the Merarites.

Num 26:58 These are the families of Levi: the family of the Libnites, the family of the Hebronites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites, the family of the Korahites. Kohath became the father of Amram.

Num 26:59 The name of Amram's wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt: and she bore to Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister.

Num 26:60 To Aaron were born Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

Num 26:61 Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before Yahweh.

Num 26:62 Those who were numbered of them were twenty-three thousand, every male from a month old and upward: for they were not numbered among the children of Israel, because there was no inheritance given them among the children of Israel.

Num 26:63 These are those who were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho.

Num 26:64 But among these there was not a man of them who were numbered by Moses and Aaron the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai.

Num 26:65 For Yahweh had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness. There was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. 


Apr. 18

Numbers 27, 28

Num 27:1 Then drew near the daughters of Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh the son of Joseph; and these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Tirzah.

Num 27:2 They stood before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, and before the princes and all the congregation, at the door of the Tent of Meeting, saying,

Num 27:3 Our father died in the wilderness, and he was not among the company of those who gathered themselves together against Yahweh in the company of Korah: but he died in his own sin; and he had no sons.

Num 27:4 Why should the name of our father be taken away from among his family, because he had no son? Give to us a possession among the brothers of our father.

Num 27:5 Moses brought their cause before Yahweh.

Num 27:6 Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,

Num 27:7 The daughters of Zelophehad speak right: you shall surely give them a possession of an inheritance among their father's brothers; and you shall cause the inheritance of their father to pass to them.

Num 27:8 You shall speak to the children of Israel, saying, If a man die, and have no son, then you shall cause his inheritance to pass to his daughter.

Num 27:9 If he have no daughter, then you shall give his inheritance to his brothers.

Num 27:10 If he have no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to his father's brothers.

Num 27:11 If his father has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to his kinsman who is next to him of his family, and he shall possess it: and it shall be to the children of Israel a statute and ordinance, as Yahweh commanded Moses.

Num 27:12 Yahweh said to Moses, Go up into this mountain of Abarim, and see the land which I have given to the children of Israel.

Num 27:13 When you have seen it, you also shall be gathered to your people, as Aaron your brother was gathered;

Num 27:14 because you rebelled against my word in the wilderness of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify me at the waters before their eyes. (These are the waters of Meribah of Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.)

Num 27:15 Moses spoke to Yahweh, saying,

Num 27:16 Let Yahweh, the God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the congregation,

Num 27:17 who may go out before them, and who may come in before them, and who may lead them out, and who may bring them in; that the congregation of Yahweh not be as sheep which have no shepherd.

Num 27:18 Yahweh said to Moses, Take Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the Spirit, and lay your hand on him;

Num 27:19 and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and commission him in their sight.

Num 27:20 You shall put of your honor on him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may obey.

Num 27:21 He shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall inquire for him by the judgment of the Urim before Yahweh: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.

Num 27:22 Moses did as Yahweh commanded him; and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation:

Num 27:23 and he laid his hands on him, and commissioned him, as Yahweh spoke by Moses.

Num 28:1 Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,

Num 28:2 Command the children of Israel, and tell them, My offering, my food for my offerings made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to me, you shall observe to offer to me in their due season.

Num 28:3 You shall tell them, This is the offering made by fire which you shall offer to Yahweh: male lambs a year old without blemish, two day by day, for a continual burnt offering.

Num 28:4 You shall offer the one lamb in the morning, and you shall offer the other lamb at evening;

Num 28:5 with the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil.

Num 28:6 It is a continual burnt offering, which was ordained in Mount Sinai for a pleasant aroma, an offering made by fire to Yahweh.

Num 28:7 Its drink offering shall be the fourth part of a hin for the one lamb. You shall pour out a drink offering of strong drink to Yahweh in the holy place.

Num 28:8 The other lamb you shall offer at evening: as the meal offering of the morning, and as the drink offering of it, you shall offer it, an offering made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to Yahweh.

Num 28:9 On the Sabbath day two male lambs a year old without blemish, and two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with oil, and the drink offering of it:

Num 28:10 this is the burnt offering of every Sabbath, besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering of it.

Num 28:11 In the beginnings of your months you shall offer a burnt offering to Yahweh: two young bulls, and one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish;

Num 28:12 and three tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with oil, for each bull; and two tenth parts of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with oil, for the one ram;

Num 28:13 and a tenth part of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering to every lamb; for a burnt offering of a pleasant aroma, an offering made by fire to Yahweh.

Num 28:14 Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, and the third part of a hin for the ram, and the fourth part of a hin for a lamb: this is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year.

Num 28:15 One male goat for a sin offering to Yahweh; it shall be offered besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering of it.

Num 28:16 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, is Yahweh's Passover.

Num 28:17 On the fifteenth day of this month shall be a feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.

Num 28:18 In the first day shall be a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work;

Num 28:19 but you shall offer an offering made by fire, a burnt offering to Yahweh: two young bulls, and one ram, and seven male lambs a year old; they shall be to you without blemish;

Num 28:20 and their meal offering, fine flour mixed with oil: you shall offer three tenth parts for a bull, and two tenth parts for the ram.

Num 28:21 You shall offer a tenth part for every lamb of the seven lambs;

Num 28:22 and one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you.

Num 28:23 You shall offer these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering.

Num 28:24 After this manner you shall offer daily, for seven days, the food of the offering made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to Yahweh: it shall be offered besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering of it.

Num 28:25 On the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work.

Num 28:26 Also in the day of the first fruits, when you offer a new meal offering to Yahweh in your feast of weeks, you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no servile work;

Num 28:27 but you shall offer a burnt offering for a pleasant aroma to Yahweh: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs a year old;

Num 28:28 and their meal offering, fine flour mixed with oil, three tenth parts for each bull, two tenth parts for the one ram,

Num 28:29 a tenth part for every lamb of the seven lambs;

Num 28:30 one male goat, to make atonement for you.

Num 28:31 Besides the continual burnt offering, and the meal offering of it, you shall offer them (they shall be to you without blemish), and their drink offerings. 


Apr. 16, 17

Luke 10

Luk 10:1 Now after these things, the Lord also appointed seventy others, and sent them two by two ahead of him into every city and place, where he was about to come.

Luk 10:2 Then he said to them, "The harvest is indeed plentiful, but the laborers are few. Pray therefore to the Lord of the harvest, that he may send out laborers into his harvest.

Luk 10:3 Go your ways. Behold, I send you out as lambs among wolves.

Luk 10:4 Carry no purse, nor wallet, nor sandals. Greet no one on the way.

Luk 10:5 Into whatever house you enter, first say, 'Peace be to this house.'

Luk 10:6 If a son of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; but if not, it will return to you.

Luk 10:7 Remain in that same house, eating and drinking the things they give, for the laborer is worthy of his wages. Don't go from house to house.

Luk 10:8 Into whatever city you enter, and they receive you, eat the things that are set before you.

Luk 10:9 Heal the sick who are therein, and tell them, 'The Kingdom of God has come near to you.'

Luk 10:10 But into whatever city you enter, and they don't receive you, go out into its streets and say,

Luk 10:11 'Even the dust from your city that clings to us, we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the Kingdom of God has come near to you.'

Luk 10:12 I tell you, it will be more tolerable in that day for Sodom than for that city.

Luk 10:13 "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon which were done in you, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.

Luk 10:14 But it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment than for you.

Luk 10:15 You, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, will be brought down to Hades.

Luk 10:16 Whoever listens to you listens to me, and whoever rejects you rejects me. Whoever rejects me rejects him who sent me."

Luk 10:17 The seventy returned with joy, saying, "Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!"

Luk 10:18 He said to them, "I saw Satan having fallen like lightning from heaven.

Luk 10:19 Behold, I give you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy. Nothing will in any way hurt you.

Luk 10:20 Nevertheless, don't rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven."

Luk 10:21 In that same hour Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit, and said, "I thank you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for so it was well-pleasing in your sight."

Luk 10:22 Turning to the disciples, he said, "All things have been delivered to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is, except the Father, and who the Father is, except the Son, and he to whomever the Son desires to reveal him."

Luk 10:23 Turning to the disciples, he said privately, "Blessed are the eyes which see the things that you see,

Luk 10:24 for I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see the things which you see, and didn't see them, and to hear the things which you hear, and didn't hear them."

Luk 10:25 Behold, a certain lawyer stood up and tested him, saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?"

Luk 10:26 He said to him, "What is written in the law? How do you read it?"

Luk 10:27 He answered, "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself."

Luk 10:28 He said to him, "You have answered correctly. Do this, and you will live."

Luk 10:29 But he, desiring to justify himself, asked Jesus, "Who is my neighbor?"

Luk 10:30 Jesus answered, "A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who both stripped him and beat him, and departed, leaving him half dead.

Luk 10:31 By chance a certain priest was going down that way. When he saw him, he passed by on the other side.

Luk 10:32 In the same way a Levite also, when he came to the place, and saw him, passed by on the other side.

Luk 10:33 But a certain Samaritan, as he traveled, came where he was. When he saw him, he was moved with compassion,

Luk 10:34 came to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. He set him on his own animal, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.

Luk 10:35 On the next day, when he departed, he took out two denarii, and gave them to the host, and said to him, 'Take care of him. Whatever you spend beyond that, I will repay you when I return.'

Luk 10:36 Now which of these three do you think seemed to be a neighbor to him who fell among the robbers?"

Luk 10:37 He said, "He who showed mercy on him." Then Jesus said to him, "Go and do likewise."

Luk 10:38 It happened as they went on their way, he entered into a certain village, and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house.

Luk 10:39 She had a sister called Mary, who also sat at Jesus' feet, and heard his word.

Luk 10:40 But Martha was distracted with much serving, and she came up to him, and said, "Lord, don't you care that my sister left me to serve alone? Ask her therefore to help me."

Luk 10:41 Jesus answered her, "Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things,

Luk 10:42 but one thing is needed. Mary has chosen the good part, which will not be taken away from her." 


Apr. 18

Luke 11

Luk 11:1 It happened, that when he finished praying in a certain place, one of his disciples said to him, "Lord, teach us to pray, just as John also taught his disciples."

Luk 11:2 He said to them, "When you pray, say, 'Our Father in heaven, may your name be kept holy. May your Kingdom come. May your will be done on Earth, as it is in heaven.

Luk 11:3 Give us day by day our daily bread.

Luk 11:4 Forgive us our sins, for we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us. Bring us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.' "

Luk 11:5 He said to them, "Which of you, if you go to a friend at midnight, and tell him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves of bread,

Luk 11:6 for a friend of mine has come to me from a journey, and I have nothing to set before him,'

Luk 11:7 and he from within will answer and say, 'Don't bother me. The door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I can't get up and give it to you'?

Luk 11:8 I tell you, although he will not rise and give it to him because he is his friend, yet because of his persistence, he will get up and give him as many as he needs.

Luk 11:9 "I tell you, keep asking, and it will be given you. Keep seeking, and you will find. Keep knocking, and it will be opened to you.

Luk 11:10 For everyone who asks receives. He who seeks finds. To him who knocks it will be opened.

Luk 11:11 "Which of you fathers, if your son asks for bread, will give him a stone? Or if he asks for a fish, he won't give him a snake instead of a fish, will he?

Luk 11:12 Or if he asks for an egg, he won't give him a scorpion, will he?

Luk 11:13 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him?"

Luk 11:14 He was casting out a demon, and it was mute. It happened, when the demon had gone out, the mute man spoke; and the multitudes marveled.

Luk 11:15 But some of them said, "He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the prince of the demons."

Luk 11:16 Others, testing him, sought from him a sign from heaven.

Luk 11:17 But he, knowing their thoughts, said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation. A house divided against itself falls.

Luk 11:18 If Satan also is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? For you say that I cast out demons by Beelzebul.

Luk 11:19 But if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your children cast them out? Therefore will they be your judges.

Luk 11:20 But if I by the finger of God cast out demons, then the Kingdom of God has come to you.

Luk 11:21 "When the strong man, fully armed, guards his own dwelling, his goods are safe.

Luk 11:22 But when someone stronger attacks him and overcomes him, he takes from him his whole armor in which he trusted, and divides his spoils.

Luk 11:23 "He that is not with me is against me. He who doesn't gather with me scatters.

Luk 11:24 The unclean spirit, when he has gone out of the man, passes through dry places, seeking rest, and finding none, he says, 'I will turn back to my house from which I came out.'

Luk 11:25 When he returns, he finds it swept and put in order.

Luk 11:26 Then he goes, and takes seven other spirits more evil than himself, and they enter in and dwell there. The last state of that man becomes worse than the first."

Luk 11:27 It came to pass, as he said these things, a certain woman out of the multitude lifted up her voice, and said to him, "Blessed is the womb that bore you, and the breasts which nursed you!"

Luk 11:28 But he said, "On the contrary, blessed are those who hear the word of God, and keep it."

Luk 11:29 When the multitudes were gathering together to him, he began to say, "This is an evil generation. It seeks after a sign. No sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah, the prophet.

Luk 11:30 For even as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so will also the Son of Man be to this generation.

Luk 11:31 The Queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and will condemn them: for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, one greater than Solomon is here.

Luk 11:32 The men of Nineveh will stand up in the judgment with this generation, and will condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, one greater than Jonah is here.

Luk 11:33 "No one, when he has lit a lamp, puts it in a cellar or under a basket, but on a stand, that those who come in may see the light.

Luk 11:34 The lamp of the body is the eye. Therefore when your eye is good, your whole body is also full of light; but when it is evil, your body also is full of darkness.

Luk 11:35 Therefore see whether the light that is in you isn't darkness.

Luk 11:36 If therefore your whole body is full of light, having no part dark, it will be wholly full of light, as when the lamp with its bright shining gives you light."

Luk 11:37 Now as he spoke, a certain Pharisee asked him to dine with him. He went in, and sat at the table.

Luk 11:38 When the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed himself before dinner.

Luk 11:39 The Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness.

Luk 11:40 You foolish ones, didn't he who made the outside make the inside also?

Luk 11:41 But give for gifts to the needy those things which are within, and behold, all things will be clean to you.

Luk 11:42 But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, but you bypass justice and the love of God. You ought to have done these, and not to have left the other undone.

Luk 11:43 Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seats in the synagogues, and the greetings in the marketplaces.

Luk 11:44 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like hidden graves, and the men who walk over them don't know it."

Luk 11:45 One of the lawyers answered him, "Teacher, in saying this you insult us also."

Luk 11:46 He said, "Woe to you lawyers also! For you load men with burdens that are difficult to carry, and you yourselves won't even lift one finger to help carry those burdens.

Luk 11:47 Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and your fathers killed them.

Luk 11:48 So you testify and consent to the works of your fathers. For they killed them, and you build their tombs.

Luk 11:49 Therefore also the wisdom of God said, 'I will send to them prophets and apostles; and some of them they will kill and persecute,

Luk 11:50 that the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation;

Luk 11:51 from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zachariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary.' Yes, I tell you, it will be required of this generation.

Luk 11:52 Woe to you lawyers! For you took away the key of knowledge. You didn't enter in yourselves, and those who were entering in, you hindered."

Luk 11:53 As he said these things to them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to be terribly angry, and to draw many things out of him;

Luk 11:54 lying in wait for him, and seeking to catch him in something he might say, that they might accuse him.