"THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW" The Influence Of The Kingdom (5:13-16) by Mark Copeland

                        "THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW"

                 The Influence Of The Kingdom (5:13-16)


1. In "The Beatitudes" (Mt 5:3-12), we saw...
   a. The character of those who would be citizens of the kingdom
   b. The blessedness of the citizens described

2. In the final beatitude, Jesus implied the attitude the world would
   often display towards the citizens of the kingdom - Mt 5:10-12
   a. The world would revile and persecute those in the kingdom
   b. The world would say all kinds of evil against them falsely for His sake
   c. The world would persecute them just as it persecuted the prophets before them
   -- Thus the influence of the world upon the kingdom would often be one of persecution

3. Jesus then proceeded to describe the opposite...
   a. The influence of the kingdom upon the world
   b. The impact the kingdom was designed to have upon those in the world

[He uses two metaphors in doing so. The first, in Mt 5:13, involves the figure of salt...]


      1. It is white, enhances flavor, preserves, etc.
      2. Based on the context, it is probably salt's ability to enhance
         flavor to which Jesus refers in his illustration
         a. Notice: "...but if the salt loses its flavor..."
         b. Salt has the ability to give flavor to that which is otherwise bland
         c. Job mentioned this ability in Job 6:6

      1. Jesus depicts the relationship of the citizens of the kingdom
         to the world as one of:
         a. Making the world palatable (bearable) to God, and possibly
            to others as well
         b. Perhaps making it possible for God to continue to bear with
            this world and its "distasteful" wickedness
      2. The idea that the "righteous few" can make it is easier for
         God to forbear the many wicked is illustrated:
         a. In Abraham's conversation with God over Sodom - Gen 18:20-32
         b. In God's dealing with Jerusalem - Jer 5:1
      -- So from God's point of view, the citizens of the kingdom give
         the world what good "flavor" it has!

      1. With pure salt...
         a. It actually never loses its flavor
         b. But when mixed with impurities salt can lose its ability to enhance flavor
      2. We too might lose our ability to be a "flavoring agent" for the world...
         a. By allowing "impurities" into our lives - 1Co 15:33
         b. Therefore, we need to keep ourselves from sin - Ep 5:3-7

      1. How are we going to be "seasoned"? (impurities prevent us from being useful)
      2. We will be thrown out!
         a. Is Jesus teaching the possibility of losing our salvation?
         b. He certainly does elsewhere! - Mt 13:40-43; Re 3:15-16

[First of all, then, we are told of the relationship of the kingdom to
the world FROM GOD'S POINT OF VIEW: "You are the salt of the earth."

In Mt 5:14-16, we find Jesus teaching concerning those in the kingdom
as to their PRIMARY FUNCTION in the world...]


      1. They are "lights" in a dark world - Php 2:14-15
      2. Their purpose:  to proclaim the praises of God! - 1Pe 2:9; Ep 5:8b-9

      1. Only in the Lord - Ep 5:8a
      2. Christ is the "true" or "original" light - Jn 8:12
      3. Citizens of the kingdom are simply "luminaries" reflecting The
         One True Light, just as the moon reflects the sun - 2Co 4:6

      1. They must be visible
         a. Implied by Jesus in His use of a "city" and a "lampstand"as metaphors
         b. Jesus therefore expects His followers to be seen by the
            world - e.g., Jn 13:35; 17:21
      2. They must radiate (give light)
         a. This principle conveyed by the idea of the lamp
            1) Designed to shine on a lampstand
            2) Not put under a basket
         b. This principle explicitly stated in "let your light SO
            SHINE before men"
      -- The purpose of such visible radiation:  so men may glorify the
         Father in heaven - e.g., 1Pe 2:11-12; 2Co 9:12-13


1. The influence and impact that the citizens of the kingdom are to
   have on the world can be simply stated...
   a. "You are the salt of the earth"
   b. "You are the light of the world"

2. Why make the effort to be salt and light?  Because of He who is 
   described as "your Father who is in heaven"!
   a. An expression which should remind us that God is both:
      1) Tender (He is our "Father"; a term of tenderness)
      2) Majestic (He is "in heaven")
   b. Such a Majestic Being, willing to be our Father, makes Him:
      1) Worthy to be pleased!
      2) And worthy to be praised!

3. We who claim to be the children of God, citizens of the kingdom, are we:
   a. Pleasing to our Father (by being "the salt of the earth")?
   b. Praising Him (by being "the light of the world")?

If not, then may the prayer of David in Ps 51:10-15 become our own:

   Create in me a clean heart, O God, 
      And renew a steadfast spirit within me.

   Do not cast me away from Your presence,
      And do not take Your Holy Spirit from me.

   Restore to me the joy of Your salvation,
      And uphold me by Your generous Spirit.

   Then I will teach transgressors Your ways,
      And sinners shall be converted to You.

   Deliver me from the guilt of bloodshed,
      O God, The God of my salvation,
      And my tongue shall sing aloud of Your righteousness.

   O Lord, open my lips, And my mouth shall show forth Your praise.

Executable Outlines, Copyright © Mark A. Copeland, 2016

eXTReMe Tracker

Hearing God in the Twenty-First Century by Eric Lyons, M.Min.


Hearing God in the Twenty-First Century

by  Eric Lyons, M.Min.

In the Garden of Eden, God spoke directly to Adam, commanding him to refrain from eating of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2:16-17). Centuries later, “the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision” while he dwelt in the land of Canaan (Genesis 15:1). The patriarch Jacob received a message from Jehovah via the “Angel of God,” Who spoke to him in a dream (Genesis 31:11). The Lord spoke directly to Moses at the burning bush on Mount Horeb (Exodus 3-4). The angel Gabriel brought messages from God to Zacharias, who was dwelling in Jerusalem (Luke 1:11-21), and to Mary, the mother of Jesus, who lived in Nazareth (Luke 1:26-33). Even Saul, who was on his way to Damascus to imprison any Jewish Christians he might find, received a “heavenly vision” (Acts 26:19; cf. Acts 9). A list of God’s appearances and messages to men seems almost endless. No Bible believer can dispute the fact that God has revealed messages to men countless times, either directly or through avenues other than written revelation.

The question often asked today is, “How do we hear God now?” Does He still communicate to people through dreams and visions like He did in biblical times? Should we expect Him to call upon us directly at any moment to do some great work, like Saul was called to do? Will God send an angel to me to disclose more revelation than what is given in the Bible? Or, similar to how Eli instructed Samuel, should I “go lie down” and wait on Jehovah to reveal some message to me (1 Samuel 3:9-10). In view of the fact that for millennia God communicated to people either directly or through avenues other than written revelation, why do some today claim that God communicates to man only via the Bible? Just how is it that we “hear God” today?

According to Hebrews 1:1-2, “God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son” (Hebrews 1:1-2, emp. added). In another contrast between the prophets of old (namely, Moses and Elijah) and Jesus, God instructed Peter, James, and John, saying, “This [Jesus] is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!” (Matthew 17:5, emp. added). Jesus informed His listeners on one occasion of the reason we must “listen” to Him: “He who rejects Me, and does not receive My words, has that which judges him—the word that I have spoken will judge him in the last day” (John 12:48, emp. added). For one to be pleasing to God, he must learn and obey the words of Jesus.

But how do we “hear” Jesus? According to the New Testament, people come to know Jesus and His words by way of the of the apostles’ teachings. Consider the following line of reasoning from the Scriptures.

  • The night of Jesus’ betrayal, He prayed to the Father, saying, “I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word; that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me” (John 17:20-21, emp. added). The “their” of verse 20 refers to those for whom Jesus was praying in the preceding verses (17:6-19)—the apostles. Jesus prayed for the unity of future believers, which He stated would be based upon the apostles’ “word.”
  • On that same night, Jesus told the apostles: “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who receives whomever I send receives Me; and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me” (John 13:20, emp. added). After Jesus’ resurrection, and before His ascension into heaven, Jesus told these same disciples: “As the Father has sent Me, I also send you” (John 20:21). To receive the apostles’ teachings, then, was to receive Jesus.

But how do we receive the apostles’ doctrine today? Since all of the apostles are dead, via what method do the apostles speak to us in the twenty-first century? Paul answered this question in Ephesians 3:1-5.

For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for you Gentiles—if indeed you have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which was given to me for you, how that by revelation He made known to me the mystery (as I have briefly written already, by which, when you read, you may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ), which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets (emp. added).

Today, a person can understand “the mystery of Christ” through the written revelation of men like the apostle Paul, who received the Truth “through the revelation of Jesus Christ” (Galatians 1:11-12).

Still, some ask: “Haven’t other men who have lived through the centuries, even into the twenty-first century, been inspired by God to reveal His message?” Actually, the Bible indicates that all Truth necessary for salvation was revealed during the lifetime of the apostles. The night before Jesus’ crucifixion, He promised His apostles that after His departure from them, the Spirit would come and guide them “into all truth” (John 16:13), teaching them “all things,” and bringing to their remembrance “all things” that Jesus taught them (John 14:26). After His crucifixion and resurrection (but before He ascended into heaven), Jesus then commanded these same disciples to “make disciples of all the nations…teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you” (Matthew 28:19-20, emp. added). The “faith…was once for all delivered to the saints” in the first century (Jude 3), so that since that time Christians have had “all things that pertain to life and godliness” (2 Peter 1:3).

Hearing God’s will in the twenty-first century is as easy as picking up the providentially preserved Bible and reading what Jesus’ “apostles and prophets” recorded for our benefit. God’s revelation thoroughly equips us for every good work (cf. 2 Timothy 3:17), so that no modern-day messages, dreams, or visions are needed. Nearly two thousand years ago, God revealed “all truth” to the apostles and prophets, who recorded it “by inspiration.” This “truth” is the standard by which all people are to live. And anyone teaching a contrary message will suffer eternally (cf. Galatians 1:8-9).

Has Satan Always Existed? by Eric Lyons, M.Min.


Has Satan Always Existed?

by  Eric Lyons, M.Min.

From a very early age, children learn about the righteousness of God and the wickedness of Satan. We teach children that God is the loving, powerful, and all-knowing Creator and Sustainer of life Who wants them to live right and go to heaven. We also tell them that there is an evil being called Satan who is very influential in the world, and who is doing everything he possibly can to keep them out of heaven. Many Sunday mornings in Bible class, children either sing or study about these two beings. This time of study certainly is worthwhile because children are taught to obey God (John 14:15) and to resist the devil (1 Peter 5:8). In time, however, if young people are not offered additional teaching about the origin of Satan and the eternal nature of God, many inadvertently begin to form a picture in their minds of two opposing “gods” who are at war with each other. Like two heavyweight boxers exchanging punches in the middle of a ring, children begin to think of God and Satan as two equally opposing “forces.”

Although little is suggested in the Bible about Satan’s beginning, we can know that Satan is a created being. Unlike God, the Bible teaches that Satan is not omnipotent (1 John 4:4), omnipresent (cf. Job 1-2; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Luke 4:6; Revelation 20:1-10), or eternal (cf. Deuteronomy 33:27; Psalm 102:27). Furthermore, in speaking of Jesus, Paul wrote: “For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him” (Colossians 1:16, emp. added). The apostle John was inspired to write: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made” (John 1:1-3, emp. added). Who made all things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible? Jesus (the Word—John 1:14). Thus, the Bible teaches that Satan is one of God’s created beings. He had a beginning just like you, me, and everything else that exists other than God.

But just because God created Satan, does not mean that He created him as an evil being. Rather, God created him good, and then he chose to become evil. The Bible indicates that Satan was one of the angels who lived in heaven, but he (along with other angels) rebelled against God and was cast out of Heaven. The apostle Peter said that “God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment” (2 Peter 2:4). Another inspired writer wrote: “And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great day” (Jude 6). Since the Bible also refers to the devil as “the ruler of demons” (Matthew 12:24), and speaks of “the devil and his angels” (Matthew 25:41, emp. added), it is very likely that the devil is the leader of a group of rebellious angels that was expelled from heaven to eventually spend eternity in hell.

Thus, unlike the philosophy of dualism (made popular by the Persian—Zoroaster), which teaches that an eternal good being and an eternal evil being exist and oppose one another, the Bible teaches that the Godhead is the only eternal entity. Although Satan is not to be taken lightly, it is a blessing to know that he cannot snatch us from the love of God if we are unwilling to allow him to do so (Romans 8:37-39), nor can he tempt us beyond what we are able to bear (1 Corinthians 10:13). God alone is deity, and He alone deserves our praise and adoration.

Has NASA Discovered Joshua's "Lost Day"? by Bert Thompson, Ph.D.


Has NASA Discovered Joshua's "Lost Day"?

by  Bert Thompson, Ph.D.


In the tenth chapter of the Old Testament book of Joshua, it is recorded that the Sun “stood still.” The story often circulates that NASA scientists, using computers to calculate orbits for the Earth and Sun, discovered that there was a “lost day.” Upon further examination, so the story goes, these scientists used their computers to find this missing day, proving the biblical record to be accurate. Is this story true?


From time to time stories such as the one described above appear—in church bulletins and religious publications, or even on the Internet—as factual and true. No doubt those who propagate such information mean well, and have as their ultimate goal a defense of the Bible against the slings and arrows of infidelity. However, the story is untrue. An investigation reveals the following details.

Similar stories have been around for more than half a century. In his 1936 book, The Harmony of Science and Scripture, Harry Rimmer devoted the entire last chapter to “Modern Science and the Long Day of Joshua.” In his discussion, Rimmer recounted the biblical story of how God made the Sun stand still (Joshua 10), and then made the following statement concerning this miracle: “The final testimony of science is that such a day left its record for all time. As long as time shall be, the record of this day must remain. The fact is attested by eminent men of science, two of whom I quote here” (1936, p. 280). Dr. Rimmer then mentioned two scientists—Sir Edwin Ball, a British astronomer, and Charles A.L. Totten, a Yale professor. He credited Ball with being the first to notice that “twenty-four hours had been lost out of solar time.” Rimmer then asked the questions: “Where did that go, what was the cause of this strange lapse, and how did it happen?” (p. 280). In the very next paragraph, he wrote: “There is a place, however, where the answer is found. And this place is attested by a scientist of standing. There is a book by Prof. C.A. Totten of Yale, written in 1890, which establishes the case beyond the shadow of a doubt” (p. 281). Rimmer then offered what he called a “summary” of Totten’s book where, he said, information could be found to prove exactly how the “lost day” had been discovered. Rimmer even gave the exact day and month on which Joshua’s battle was fought—Tuesday, July 22 (p. 266).

Before responding to the question about NASA scientists allegedly having found the “lost day” of Joshua, let me make several observations about this older version (from which the newer one obviously has been fashioned—with considerable embellishment). First, Rimmer specifically stated that he intended to “quote from” Ball and Totten, yet none of the statements he offered was placed in quotation marks. Second, the 1890 book that Totten wrote (Joshua’s Long Day and the Dial of Ahaz) never was named by Rimmer, which seems a bit odd considering that Rimmer devoted an entire chapter to this subject in his own book. Third, no bibliographic references were provided by Rimmer to the works of either Ball or Totten—again, quite unusual, seeing as how Rimmer based his entire argument on the validity of their respective cases. Fourth, numerous other writers have made serious efforts to determine the validity of Rimmer’s claims, as well as those of Ball and Totten, but with no success. For example, Bernard Ramm, in The Christian View of Science and Scripture, discussed Dr. Rimmer’s viewpoint and his reference to Totten. Ramm couched his personal conclusion regarding the documentation offered by Rimmer, Totten, and Ball in well-chosen terminology when he observed: “This I have not been able to verify to my own satisfaction.... Dr. Kulp has tried to check this theory at Yale [Totten’s employer—BT] and in England [Sir Edwin Ball’s home—BT], and has found nothing to verify it” (1954, pp. 109,117).

No doubt Rimmer himself believed the story to be true. But the documentation that should have provided the proof was seriously and obviously lacking. How such stories originate is far more difficult to ascertain than how they circulate. When a story has been “corroborated” with what appear to be credible names and relevant facts, people often do not go to the trouble of investigating it any further. Once accepted, it then is used in what the Bible believer sees as a reasoned defense of God’s Word. From all evidence now available, the story of Ball, Totten, and Rimmer simply is not true, and should not be used in defending the Bible as the Word of God.

The same can be said about the modern-day version of the story. Again, some historical background is necessary. When the account, as told by Dr. Rimmer, first was published, apparently it caused quite a bit of excitement and was accepted uncritically by those anxious to show how science “proved” the Bible true. After the initial excitement subsided, the story was forgotten, or overlooked, and eventually relegated to the relic heaps of history. Its stay there, however, was brief. Someone (to this day, no one knows who) rediscovered the story, “dusted it off,” gave it some embellishment (no doubt to make it more appealing to the modern scientific mind), provided names (of individuals, companies, and cities), and then, for good measure, threw in a reference to a popular government agency that was/is very much in the public eye (the National Aeronautic and Space Administration—NASA). With this “remake” of the story now complete, it had built-in credibility that few thought to doubt or question.

The modern version of the story suggests that NASA scientists at the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland were using sophisticated computers to plot positions of the Sun, Moon, and other planets 100, and 1000, years in the future in order to calculate spacecraft trajectories. Suddenly the computers ground to a halt. As it turns out, the computers had discovered a “lost day” in time. Repairmen did not know how to correct the problem. But one of the scientists present had attended Sunday school as a child and recalled a story in which God made the Sun stand still for about a day. When he suggested this as a possible solution, the other scientists ridiculed him. However, the scientist turned to Joshua 10 and read the story. The repairmen then fed the new data into the computers (carefully factoring in the “lost day” of Joshua), and the machines once more whirred along perfectly—almost. The computers suddenly stopped again because they had not discovered a whole day; something still was missing. Apparently (so the story goes) the computers found only 23 hours and 20 minutes. In other words, 40 minutes still were unaccounted for. But the Sunday-school-going scientist suggested the answer to this conundrum. He remembered 2 Kings 20, which indicates that King Hezekiah, upon being promised a reprieve from imminent death, had requested a sign from Heaven. God then made the Sun move backwards ten degrees—or exactly 40 minutes! This information was fed into the computers, and they once again worked perfectly.

This tale became widely circulated in the late 1960s and early 1970s as a result of the efforts of Harold Hill, then-president of the Curtis Engine Company in Halethorpe (Baltimore), Maryland. In his 1974 book, How to Live Like a King’s Kid, Mr. Hill devoted an entire chapter to the story (pp. 65-77) and explained how it became so widespread. He stated that on occasion he spoke to high school and college students regarding Bible/science matters, and that the story of NASA’s “missing day” was one he “told often” (pp. 65-66). Somehow (even Mr. Hill never knew how), Mary Kathryn Bryan, a columnist for the Evening World of Spencer, Indiana, received a written account of Mr. Hill’s story and ran it in her column. Afterwards, Hill noted, “various news services picked up the story and it appeared in hundreds of places” (p. 69, emp. in orig.). The account no doubt was afforded a certain amount of built-in credibility when Mr. Hill suggested regarding the space program at Goddard: “I was involved from the start, through contractual arrangements with my company” (1974, p. 65). [As it turns out, Mr. Hill’s connection to NASA was tenuous at best; his company had a contract to service some of the government agency’s electrical generators. He never was connected in any way with mission operations or planning.]

All efforts to confirm the origin of the story have failed. After an article about it appeared in the April 1970 Bible-Science Newsletter, several readers of that magazine wrote Mr. Hill. A subsequent article in the July 1989 Bible-Science Newsletter made mention of the fact that after the 1970 article, some readers finally received a form letter from Mr. Hill in which he stated that he did not originate the tale. In his 1974 book, he acknowledged that he did not witness the incident at NASA personally, and said that he could not remember where he first heard it, but insisted that “my inability to furnish documentation of the ‘Missing day’ incident in no way detracts from its authenticity” (p. 71).

The July 1989 Bible-Science Newsletter article went on to report that

Dr. Bolton Davidheiser wrote the NASA office at Greenbelt, Maryland, where all of this was supposed to have happened. They replied that they knew nothing of Mr. Harold Hill and could not corroborate the “lost day” reference.... The concluding paragraph of NASAs letter read, “Although we make use of planetary positions as necessary in the determination of space-craft orbits on our computers, I have not found that any ‘astronauts and space scientists at Greenbelt’ were involved in the ‘lost day’ story attributed to Mr. Hill” (Bartz, 1989, p. 12).

The story’s origin is dubious at best (and spurious at worst). The facts, where verifiable, are incorrect. And those allegedly involved in finding the “lost day” of Joshua admit to knowing nothing about such events. Furthermore, anyone claiming that computers somehow could “find” a lost day fails to understand how computers work. As Paul Bartz has commented:

Computers are not magic machines which can figure out things which are hidden from normal people. As wonderful as they are, they are limited by the knowledge which we give them. Computers depend on us for knowledge. While a computer could be used to generate a calendar from today back into the far distant past, which is not an uncommon practice, a computer could not tell us if any time was missing or not. In fact, the computer would have to be programmed with all sorts of adjustments to account for several changes in the western calendar over the past couple of thousand years. In short, the story is technically impossible, no matter how sophisticated your computer (1989, p. 12).

The only conclusion one can draw, respecting the available facts, is that this story is false and should not be circulated. We do a disservice to God’s Word when we attempt to “defend” it with stories such as these that, with a bit of common sense and a small amount of research, can be shown to have no factual foundation whatsoever.


Bartz, Paul (1989), “Questions and Answers,” Bible-Science Newsletter, 27[7]:12, July.

Hill, Harold (1974), How to Live Like a King’s Kid (South Plainfield, NJ: Bridge Publishing).

Ramm, Bernard (1954), The Christian View of Science and Scripture (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans).

Rimmer, Harry (1936), The Harmony of Science and Scripture (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans).

Totten, Charles A.L. (1890), Joshua’s Long Day and the Dial of Ahaz (New Haven, CT: Our Race Publishing Co.).

Judging “Insiders” & 1 Corinthians 5 by Jim McGuiggan


Judging “Insiders” & 1 Corinthians 5

Abruptly! “There’s crass sexual immorality going on among you! Even Gentiles know better!” That’s his tone, or something very like it. 1 Corinthians 5:1-13

It might be significant that he doesn’t say “adultery” or “incest”. The word he uses was in common use to cover sexual sin in general. The unholy relationship Paul has in mind in 5:1 might have been with his father’s wife, the sinner’s step-mother; it might even have been with his mother. Commentator’s offer various suggestions.

When he says Gentiles know better he has to be expressing the level of his shock rather than offering the result of a statistical survey. It isn’t hard to find some Greco-Roman writers who oppose sexual immortality but it was a sad bad world they lived in (see 6:9-10).
The sinner’s behavior certainly led Paul to blunt speech (5:5, 13 with Deuteronomy 13:5; 17:5; 19:19; 21:21 as a background) but it isn’t the sinner that gets the heaviest blowsHe saves those for the Church that encourages and in a way defends him.
Paul wants him saved (5:5). Certain elements in the congregation glory in what he is doing and so further endanger him because not only are they doing nothing against the behavior they are encouraging him it. (It’s not easy to pin down why they were “glorying” or “puffed up” in the face of it but then there’s 6:12-20 where porneia is immediately linked to demonic worship and defended on the grounds that sex and eating were both God-given drives.)
Of course, they loved themselves and gloried in their gifts and their wisdom (4:7-8) and swaggered if they thought they had the showiest gifts and the smartest answers (12:12-31and then chapter 13). They were obviously too wise, too gifted (1:5-7) and fell in love with themselves rather than the God from whom everything came (1:4, 8-9; 5:18). Despite all that they still acted like non-spiritual people (3:3) who needed to be reconciled with God (5:20, with a present imperative).
You can imagine that element in the church that defended the sexual immorality of this man and then demonic worship attendance (6:12-20). See their smiles at the ignorance of the other brothers and sisters who were still bound by “the rules.” Yes, those who didn’t know what freedom was; they were so ignorant that they couldn’t eat meat that had a link to temple worship. Ah, the marvelous sense of “freedom”. Those ‘wise” fools never noticed that Jesus was sitting there with the ignorant—and not eating! The Lord didn’t side with the ones with “the newly-found knowledge of freedom”.

“FREEDOM!” Mackintosh said this, “Freedom is good and Christ gives it abundantly; but freedom without Christ, is evil through and through. Freedom is sweet, but what are all its joys if to taste them we must take leave of our best Friend ? Whatever we must renounce or deny to ourselves is nothing to what we have found in Him.”

The puffed up group is damaging more than the sexually immoral man; they’re endangering the entire congregation. “A little leaven leavens the entire lump.” And they’re doing more than that—they’re building a reputation for the entire People of God. Their great double wrong is the fruit of their having lost sight of who they are (5:6-7) and how as a congregational manifestation of Jesus Christ they should respond to such public sexual behavior and relationships.

With the Exodus as the background Paul speaks to them as “Passover People.” In preparation for the sacrificial meal of liberation they were to cleanse the house entirely of leaven and Paul reminds them that in light of the Passover Lamb, Jesus Christ, who had already been offered, they should have already purged this corruption. We’re to imagine the wise and glorious ones sitting at a meal of celebration with a festering dead body in their presence. Rather than being puffed up about it he said, you should be mourning as for a dead man (5:2).

For all their wisdom, for all their knowledge, for all their giftedness they were “fleshly” and conducted themselves according to human standards (3:3-4). What society thought, the way society thought, the arguments society made are all operating here in the absence of love as it is seen in GOD (8:1-3). They were “carnal” because they not only followed preachers they followed a Christ-denying society. So now they sit with this decaying corpse in their presence and glorying in it. Glorying in it because they are carnal! This section of the church was claiming life for themselves and for this unrepentant member of the Church of God. “They were self-centered, self-contained and self-directed.” (Barrett)

Paul calls on the church to stand together, with his apostolic authority and the powerful presence of the Lord Jesus in delivering this man over to Satan. That is to acknowledge that that is who he chooses to belong to and the “wise ones” support and glory in his choice.
The aim is not his destruction but his salvation! It was this wise and swaggering segment of the congregation that was damning this man but which of them would have believed it? “How unkind! How unloving! How narrow-minded!” We hear that kind of talk now and you can be sure that it was said then. And “harsh, narrow, legalistic and wrong.” Paul takes another beating but that was no surprise to him, see what he says in 4:8-13.

5:9-13. Finally for now. He had written that they were to have no fellowship or company with people whose life’s choice was open immorality. Some obviously thought he was talking about non-Christians. He said, “I didn’t mean that at all!” And then he makes himself crystal clear. There are those who are “outside” and those that are “inside”. (And we can hear again the whimpering tone, “Oh that is so narrow-minded and self-righteous and unkind.” That isn’t Paul! There is no kindness so cruel as the kindness that will leave people who are food of devouring parasites to be devoured. And sometimes it isn’t kindness at all—it’s gutlessness and a fear to speak up due to a fear of being thought small-minded.)
The outsiders who choose a lifestyle of unrepentant immorality in any of its forms are not to be confused with those who have been baptized into a Lord Jesus who lived, died and rose again to redeem us (Romans 6:1-11; Titus 2:11—3:11). “We judge those that are within,” he said! His gospel, he said, was all tied up with the glory of the blessed God and sexual immorality was contrary to it. (2 Timothy 1:11) Contrary to the gospel! For him every question was, “How does this fit in with or rise out of or embody the gospel of the blessed and glorious God?” (2 Timothy 1:11; Galatians 5:16-21)

Let God judge those who choose not to become part of the congregations of Jesus Christ. But those who wish to be included within the called out People of God, those who claim to be are part of the blood bought Church of God (Acts 20:28), who claim to be parts of Christ and one spirit with Him must commit to live in light of that commitment and relationship (1 Corinthians 6:9-20). Those who do not wish to be part of the Community of Jesus Christ have been allowed that choice (Acts 14:16; Romans 1:24, 26). What they’re not allowed to do is to say, “I refuse to place myself under the Headship of Jesus as part of His Body but I want to be regarded as part of it. I will count myself in but I will not be judged by it.”

Those who justify that spirit will answer to God! They dishonor the Lord and hurt the world!

ALLOWED TO PREACH? by steve finnell


ALLOWED TO PREACH?  by steve finnell

Would Jesus and the apostles be allowed to preach in your denomination or your church congregation?

If Jesus said, those who believe and are baptized will be saved, would He be allowed to preach at your denomination's convention? ( Ref:Mark 16:16 NIV 1973)

If Jesus said, that if you do not believe in Me you will die in your sins, would He be rebuked by your church leaders? (Ref: John 8:24 NIV 1973)

If the apostle Paul said, Jesus made the church holy and blameless by cleansing her by the washing of water through the word, would Paul ever be permitted to preach again? (Ref: Ephesians 5: 25-27 NIV)

If the apostle Peter said, that salvation only comes through Jesus Christ, would he be authorized to teach and preach at your church? (Ref: Acts 4:10-12 NIV 1973)

If the apostle Peter said, do not revere the Virgin Mary or other dead saints by praying to them, would Peter be allowed to preach at your church? (Ref: Acts 10:25-26 As Peter entered the house, Cornelius met him and fell at his feet in reverence. 26 But Peter made him get up . "Stand up," he said, "I am only a man myself." (NIV 1973)

If the apostle Paul, said salvation is available to all men, and not just a selected few, would Paul be permitted to preach at your church? (Ref: Titus 2:11 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men. (NIV 1973)

Would the apostle John be reprimanded at your church if he said, men cannot inherit sin, because sin is committed and not inherited from Adam? (Ref: 1 John 3:4 Everyone  who sins breaks the law; in fact, sin is lawlessness. NIV 1973) NOTE: INFANTS DO BREAK THE LAW.

There are few churches who would allow Jesus and the apostles to preach. They would be admonished, reprimanded, prohibited, rebuked fired on the spot.  

God’s Eternal Power And Deity Are Understood Through The Things That Are Made by Roy Davison


God’s Eternal Power And Deity
Are Understood Through The Things That Are Made

“For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead” (Romans 1:20).

Charles Robert Darwin -- born in Shrewsbury, England on February 12, 1809 -- stated his purpose in writing ‘Origin of Species’ thus: “I had two distinct objects in view, firstly, to show that species had not been separately created, and secondly, that natural selection had been the chief agent of change” (Descent of Man, first edition, page 152).

Genesis explains the origin of life-forms in this way: “Then God said, ‘Let the waters abound with an abundance of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the face of the firmament of the heavens.’ So God created great sea creatures and every living thing that moves, with which the waters abounded, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind” (Genesis 1:20, 21). “Then God said, ‘Let the earth bring forth the living creature according to its kind: cattle and creeping thing and beast of the earth, each according to its kind’; and it was so. And God made the beast of the earth according to its kind, cattle according to its kind, and everything that creeps on the earth according to its kind” (Genesis 1:24, 25).

A species is a taxonomic group whose members can interbreed. Thus, the various species reproduce after their kind, as indicated in Genesis. This fact does not easily fit the evolution model.

Charles Darwin’s purpose was to contradict the Biblical account of the origin of separate life-forms through creation.

Darwin’s skills as a scholar and writer enhanced his influence. His ideas also catered to the atheists’ desire for some new explanation for their discredited belief in the spontaneous generation of life.

In primary school I learned about those naïve alchemists in the middle ages who believed in the spontaneous generation of life because worms appeared, seemingly from nowhere, in rotten meat. But we were not told that for the most part, only atheists made this mistake.

People who accepted the Bible knew that life comes from life. Scientific methods were also used to prove it. In 1668 the Italian physician, Francesco Redi had shown that maggots did not develop in jars covered with fine gauze to prevent flies from landing on the meat. He also showed that when dead flies were put in the gauze-covered jars, no maggots appeared, but that when live flies were put in the jars, maggots did appear. Other experiments in the 18th and 19th centuries showed that the apparent ‘spontaneous generation’ of the atheists was caused by unseen life-forms.

Scientific proofs fell on deaf ears among many atheists, however. Without a Creator they had to believe in spontaneous generation. Contrary evidence was rejected. They continued to maintain that spontaneous generation did occur at the microscopic level.

Finally, however, Louis Pasteur’s proofs were so thorough and persuasive that even atheists had to admit that scientifically, life comes from life, omne vivum e vivo.

Yet spontaneous generation is essential for the atheistic model. Darwin’s theory pushed the supposed spontaneous generation back in time into the realm of speculation beyond the reach of scientific investigation. Atheists had a new pseudo-scientific basis for their faith in spontaneous generation.

Another factual objection to evolution is that only distinct life-forms are found in the fossil remains and on earth today, without a chain of intermediate stages of evolution. Darwin admitted this: “Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and gravest objection which can be urged against my theory. The explanation lies, as I believe, in the extreme imperfection of the geological record” (Origins, Ch. 10, pg 280, first edition). Thus, the theory of evolution is based on missing data.

The existing data are precisely what would be expected if distinct life-forms were created in the beginning, with fossils preserved in rock layers resulting from various catastrophes such as floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and meteoric impacts.

Not Darwin, but Louis Pasteur is the ‘father of biology’, since scientific biology is based on biogenesis, the principle that life comes from life. Pasteur’s work saved countless lives through great advances in immunology and the preservation of food.

Darwin’s influence resulted in millions of deaths since his speculative work “On The Origin Of Species By Means Of Natural Selection, Or The Preservation Of Favoured Races In The Struggle For Life” formed the theoretical foundation for dialectical materialism (communism) and Nazism.

Marx and Engels both corresponded with Darwin. Marx wrote to Ferdinand Lassalle on January 16, 1861: “Darwin’s book is very important and serves me as a natural historical foundation of our outlook.” (Fetched from http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1861/letters/61_01_16-abs.htm on Feb. 23, 2009).

Their outlook included the idea that the proletariat is a superior class that must destroy the property-owning classes. Stalin (an assumed name meaning ‘man of steel’) ‘purged’ his country of more than 20 million people.

Nazism viewed the ‘Aryan race’ as a ‘master race’ with a right and obligation to rid the world of inferior races. In his ‘Final Solution’ Hitler killed five million Jews and many people of other ethnic groups based on Darwin’s claim that evolutionary progress occurs mainly through the elimination of the weak in the struggle for survival.

How many people did Mao Tse-tung kill? Because access to documents is still restricted, estimates vary widely, but he probably killed more than Stalin and Hitler combined, somewhere between 30 and 50 million.

Pol Pot, a disciple of Mao, was responsible for the death of two million Cambodians.

Darwin would not have condoned these applications of his theory. The theory itself, however, is ideally suited to such applications since it reduces man to an animal, rejects the moral authority of God, and claims that progress comes through the mass extermination of ‘inferior’ life-forms.

A more appropriate title for the scientific content of Darwin’s book would have been “On the adaptability of species,” since that is what is demonstrated by the facts and experiments he discusses. He shows that species have an amazing ability to adapt by means of natural selection, and that this results in great diversity.

Yet, a dove remains a dove and a dog remains a dog. Darwin only speculates that such adaptations could lead to the development of new life-forms with entirely different characteristics.

The fatal flaw of Darwin’s speculation is that natural selection only works for something that functions. Natural selection might result in the adaptation of a functional eye to changed circumstances, but natural selection cannot operate during the supposed millions of years when an eye was ‘evolving’ before it became functional! The Biblical explanation is: “The hearing ear and the seeing eye, the LORD has made them both” (Proverbs 20:12).

The fossil record indicates that thousands of species have become extinct, which is exactly what would be expected from the creation of many distinct life-forms in the beginning.

Because of his bias, Darwin ignored something very obvious, namely, the difference between raw materials and ‘things that are made’.

Can you recognize something that has been made?

Paul says, “Since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead” (Romans 1:20).

Can you recognize something that is man-made? I will show you an object. Please raise your hand if it is man-made: a stone, a toy airplane.

We can recognize something man-made because it is a ‘product’, an ‘artifact’, something that has been devised and produced by someone through the processing of raw materials.

If I showed you a live dog, or an eagle, or an elephant and asked you if it had been man-made, you would not raise your hand. Why? Because men are not capable of making such complicated things!

Yet a dog, an eagle and an elephant have the identifying marks of things that have been made. They are not raw materials. They are extremely complex ‘highly-specialized functional systems,’ which according to all scientific observation can only result from intelligent design and an amazing production capability.

Modern airplanes are crude contraptions compared to birds.

Canada geese fly from 50 to 90 km/hr and as far as 1000 km in one day. They can fly during the day or at night. They fly in a V pattern because aerodynamically that takes less energy. The strongest geese fly lead and change off periodically as one gets tired. The honking coordinates the movement of the formation. They find environmentally-friendly fuel along the way and replace themselves before they wear out.

No man can make something like that! Only Someone with awe-inspiring intelligence and creative power could make an eagle, or a dog or a mammoth or a dinosaur. These things show evidence of being God-made. “The whole earth is full of His glory!” (Isaiah 6:3).

And what about life? Among the remarkable things man can make, is there anything that is alive? No, man can only make lifeless things.

And what about man himself and the spirit of man? What does the Bible say? “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being” (Genesis 2:7).

Materially, man is composed of compounds found in the biosphere on earth, raw materials. The complexity of the physical and genetic structure of the human body is beyond our comprehension. Yet, even after God formed this marvelous construction, it was just a cadaver until He made man a living being.

But man is more than just a living being. God had already made chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans before He made Eve, yet for some reason, Adam did not find them sufficient as a life companion!

In 2003, researchers at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan claimed that 99.4% of the most critical DNA sites are identical in humans and chimpanzees. Researcher, Morris Goodman, suggested that chimps should be reclassified as human (genus homo).

More recent studies indicate that the similarity is less than 95%. But what Goodman failed to mention is that it is not the similarities in DNA that are significant, but the differences! Recent sequencing of the bovine genome indicates that cows share about 80 per cent of their genes with humans. And it is claimed that we share about 60% of our DNA with a banana! There are many similarities in DNA because life-forms have many functions in common.

Maybe we should ask Dr. Goodman if he would be willing for his daughter to marry a chimpanzee or if he has ever taken a chimpanzee out for dinner at an expensive restaurant! 1

Again, what does the Bible say? “Then God said, ‘Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.’ So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them” (Genesis 1:26, 27).

The LORD “stretches out the heavens, lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him” (Zechariah 12:1). Of death we read: “Then the dust will return to the earth as it was, and the spirit will return to God who gave it” (Ecclesiastes 12:7).

The tremendous difference between man and all other life-forms is evident. No explanation for the amazing intellect and creativity of man is more reasonable than what is said in Genesis, namely, that man was made in the image of his Creator. God asked Job, “Who has put wisdom in the mind? Or who has given understanding to the heart?” (Job 38:36).

It is easy to see the difference between raw materials and things that have been made, and the things that are made, declare the glory of God. “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse, because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Professing to be wise, they became fools” (Romans 1:20-22).

Roy Davison

1 Although many assume that various unearthed remains of genus homo are of different species, this cannot be proven since all surviving representatives form one species even though individuals have extremely divergent physical characteristics.

The Scripture quotations in this article are from
The New King James Version. ©1979,1980,1982,
Thomas Nelson Inc., Publishers unless indicated otherwise.
Permission for reference use has been granted.

Published in The Old Paths Archive

Bible Reading for May 11 and 12 by Gary Rose

World  English  Bible

May 11

Joshua 3, 4

Jos 3:1 Joshua rose up early in the morning; and they moved from Shittim, and came to the Jordan, he and all the children of Israel. They lodged there before they passed over.

Jos 3:2 It happened after three days, that the officers went through the midst of the camp;

Jos 3:3 and they commanded the people, saying, "When you see the ark of the covenant of Yahweh your God, and the priests the Levites bearing it, then you shall move from your place, and follow it.

Jos 3:4 Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure. Don't come near to it, that you may know the way by which you must go; for you have not passed this way before."

Jos 3:5 Joshua said to the people, "Sanctify yourselves; for tomorrow Yahweh will do wonders among you."

Jos 3:6 Joshua spoke to the priests, saying, "Take up the ark of the covenant, and pass over before the people." They took up the ark of the covenant, and went before the people.

Jos 3:7 Yahweh said to Joshua, "Today I will begin to magnify you in the sight of all Israel, that they may know that as I was with Moses, so I will be with you.

Jos 3:8 You shall command the priests who bear the ark of the covenant, saying, 'When you come to the brink of the waters of the Jordan, you shall stand still in the Jordan.' "

Jos 3:9 Joshua said to the children of Israel, "Come here, and hear the words of Yahweh your God."

Jos 3:10 Joshua said, "Hereby you shall know that the living God is among you, and that he will without fail drive the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Hivite, and the Perizzite, and the Girgashite, and the Amorite, and the Jebusite out from before you.

Jos 3:11 Behold, the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth passes over before you into the Jordan.

Jos 3:12 Now therefore take twelve men out of the tribes of Israel, for every tribe a man.

Jos 3:13 It shall come to pass, when the soles of the feet of the priests who bear the ark of Yahweh, the Lord of all the earth, rest in the waters of the Jordan, that the waters of the Jordan will be cut off, even the waters that come down from above; and they shall stand in one heap."

Jos 3:14 It happened, when the people moved from their tents to pass over the Jordan, the priests who bore the ark of the covenant being before the people,

Jos 3:15 and when those who bore the ark had come to the Jordan, and the feet of the priests who bore the ark had dipped in the edge of the water (for the Jordan overflows all its banks all the time of harvest),

Jos 3:16 that the waters which came down from above stood, and rose up in one heap, a great way off, at Adam, the city that is beside Zarethan; and those that went down toward the sea of the Arabah, even the Salt Sea, were wholly cut off. Then the people passed over right against Jericho.

Jos 3:17 The priests who bore the ark of the covenant of Yahweh stood firm on dry ground in the middle of the Jordan; and all Israel passed over on dry ground, until all the nation had passed completely over the Jordan.

Jos 4:1 It happened, when all the nation had completely passed over the Jordan, that Yahweh spoke to Joshua, saying,

Jos 4:2 "Take twelve men out of the people, out of every tribe a man,

Jos 4:3 and command them, saying, 'Take from out of the middle of the Jordan, out of the place where the priests' feet stood firm, twelve stones, and carry them over with you, and lay them down in the lodging place, where you will lodge tonight.' "

Jos 4:4 Then Joshua called the twelve men, whom he had prepared of the children of Israel, out of every tribe a man.

Jos 4:5 Joshua said to them, "Pass over before the ark of Yahweh your God into the middle of the Jordan, and each of you pick up a stone and put it on your shoulder, according to the number of the tribes of the children of Israel;

Jos 4:6 that this may be a sign among you, that when your children ask in time to come, saying, 'What do you mean by these stones?'

Jos 4:7 then you shall tell them, 'Because the waters of the Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of Yahweh. When it passed over the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan were cut off. These stones shall be for a memorial to the children of Israel forever.' "

Jos 4:8 The children of Israel did as Joshua commanded, and took up twelve stones out of the middle of the Jordan, as Yahweh spoke to Joshua, according to the number of the tribes of the children of Israel; and they carried them over with them to the place where they lodged, and laid them down there.

Jos 4:9 Joshua set up twelve stones in the middle of the Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests who bore the ark of the covenant stood; and they are there to this day.

Jos 4:10 For the priests who bore the ark stood in the middle of the Jordan, until everything was finished that Yahweh commanded Joshua to speak to the people, according to all that Moses commanded Joshua; and the people hurried and passed over.

Jos 4:11 It happened, when all the people had completely passed over, that the ark of Yahweh passed over, with the priests, in the presence of the people.

Jos 4:12 The children of Reuben, and the children of Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, passed over armed before the children of Israel, as Moses spoke to them.

Jos 4:13 About forty thousand men, ready and armed for war passed over before Yahweh to battle, to the plains of Jericho.

Jos 4:14 On that day, Yahweh magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel; and they feared him, as they feared Moses, all the days of his life.

Jos 4:15 Yahweh spoke to Joshua, saying,

Jos 4:16 "Command the priests who bear the ark of the testimony, that they come up out of the Jordan."

Jos 4:17 Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying, "Come up out of the Jordan!"

Jos 4:18 It happened, when the priests who bore the ark of the covenant of Yahweh had come up out of the middle of the Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were lifted up to the dry ground, that the waters of the Jordan returned to their place, and went over all its banks, as before.

Jos 4:19 The people came up out of the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, on the east border of Jericho.

Jos 4:20 Joshua set up those twelve stones, which they took out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.

Jos 4:21 He spoke to the children of Israel, saying, "When your children ask their fathers in time to come, saying, 'What do these stones mean?'

Jos 4:22 Then you shall let your children know, saying, 'Israel came over this Jordan on dry land.

Jos 4:23 For Yahweh your God dried up the waters of the Jordan from before you, until you had passed over, as Yahweh your God did to the Red Sea, which he dried up from before us, until we had passed over;

Jos 4:24 that all the peoples of the earth may know the hand of Yahweh, that it is mighty; that you may fear Yahweh your God forever.' "

May 12

Joshua 5, 6

Jos 5:1 It happened, when all the kings of the Amorites, who were beyond the Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, who were by the sea, heard how that Yahweh had dried up the waters of the Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we had passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel.

Jos 5:2 At that time, Yahweh said to Joshua, "Make flint knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time."

Jos 5:3 Joshua made himself flint knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins.

Jos 5:4 This is the reason Joshua circumcised: all the people who came out of Egypt, who were males, even all the men of war, died in the wilderness by the way, after they came out of Egypt.

Jos 5:5 For all the people who came out were circumcised; but all the people who were born in the wilderness by the way as they came out of Egypt had not been circumcised.

Jos 5:6 For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, until all the nation, even the men of war who came out of Egypt, were consumed, because they didn't listen to the voice of Yahweh. Yahweh swore to them that he wouldn't let them see the land which Yahweh swore to their fathers that he would give us, a land flowing with milk and honey.

Jos 5:7 Their children, whom he raised up in their place, were circumcised by Joshua; for they were uncircumcised, because they had not circumcised them on the way.

Jos 5:8 It happened, when they were done circumcising all the nation, that they stayed in their places in the camp until they were healed.

Jos 5:9 Yahweh said to Joshua, "Today I have rolled away the reproach of Egypt from off you." Therefore the name of that place was called Gilgal, to this day.

Jos 5:10 The children of Israel encamped in Gilgal. They kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month at evening in the plains of Jericho.

Jos 5:11 They ate unleavened cakes and parched grain of the produce of the land on the next day after the Passover, in the same day.

Jos 5:12 The manna ceased on the next day, after they had eaten of the produce of the land. The children of Israel didn't have manna any more; but they ate of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.

Jos 5:13 It happened, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, a man stood in front of him with his sword drawn in his hand. Joshua went to him, and said to him, "Are you for us, or for our adversaries?"

Jos 5:14 He said, "No; but I have come now as commander of Yahweh's army." Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and worshipped, and said to him, "What does my lord say to his servant?"

Jos 5:15 The prince of Yahweh's army said to Joshua, "Take your shoes off of your feet; for the place on which you stand is holy." Joshua did so.

Jos 6:1 Now Jericho was tightly shut up because of the children of Israel. No one went out, and no one came in.

Jos 6:2 Yahweh said to Joshua, "Behold, I have given Jericho into your hand, with its king and the mighty men of valor.

Jos 6:3 All your men of war shall march around the city, going around the city once. You shall do this six days.

Jos 6:4 Seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark. On the seventh day, you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Jos 6:5 It shall be that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when you hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall go up every man straight before him."

Jos 6:6 Joshua the son of Nun called the priests, and said to them, "Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of Yahweh."

Jos 6:7 They said to the people, "Advance! March around the city, and let the armed men pass on before Yahweh's ark."

Jos 6:8 It was so, that when Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns before Yahweh advanced, and blew the trumpets; and the ark of the covenant of Yahweh followed them.

Jos 6:9 The armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets, and the ark went after them. The trumpets sounded as they went.

Jos 6:10 Joshua commanded the people, saying, "You shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I tell you to shout. Then you shall shout."

Jos 6:11 So he caused the ark of Yahweh to go around the city, going about it once. Then they came into the camp, and lodged in the camp.

Jos 6:12 Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of Yahweh.

Jos 6:13 The seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of Yahweh went on continually, and blew the trumpets: and the armed men went before them. The rear guard came after the ark of Yahweh. The trumpets sounded as they went.

Jos 6:14 The second day they marched around the city once, and returned into the camp. They did this six days.

Jos 6:15 It happened on the seventh day, that they rose early at the dawning of the day, and marched around the city in the same way seven times. Only on this day they marched around the city seven times.

Jos 6:16 It happened at the seventh time, when the priests blew the trumpets, Joshua said to the people, "Shout, for Yahweh has given you the city!

Jos 6:17 The city shall be devoted, even it and all that is in it, to Yahweh. Only Rahab the prostitute shall live, she and all who are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent.

Jos 6:18 But as for you, only keep yourselves from the devoted thing, lest when you have devoted it, you take of the devoted thing; so would you make the camp of Israel accursed, and trouble it.

Jos 6:19 But all the silver, and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, are holy to Yahweh. They shall come into Yahweh's treasury."

Jos 6:20 So the people shouted, and the priests blew the trumpets. It happened, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, that the people shouted with a great shout, and the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.

Jos 6:21 They utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, both young and old, and ox, and sheep, and donkey, with the edge of the sword.

Jos 6:22 Joshua said to the two men who had spied out the land, "Go into the prostitute's house, and bring out from there the woman and all that she has, as you swore to her."

Jos 6:23 The young men who were spies went in, and brought out Rahab with her father, her mother, her brothers, and all that she had. They also brought out all her relatives, and they set them outside of the camp of Israel.

Jos 6:24 They burnt the city with fire, and all that was in it. Only they put the silver, the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron into the treasury of Yahweh's house.

Jos 6:25 But Rahab the prostitute, her father's household, and all that she had, Joshua saved alive. She lived in the midst of Israel to this day, because she hid the messengers, whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

Jos 6:26 Joshua commanded them with an oath at that time, saying, "Cursed be the man before Yahweh, who rises up and builds this city Jericho. With the loss of his firstborn shall he lay its foundation, and with the loss of his youngest son shall he set up its gates."

Jos 6:27 So Yahweh was with Joshua; and his fame was in all the land.

May 11

Luke 22

Luk 22:1 Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the Passover, drew near.

Luk 22:2 The chief priests and the scribes sought how they might put him to death, for they feared the people.

Luk 22:3 Satan entered into Judas, who was surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered with the twelve.

Luk 22:4 He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains about how he might deliver him to them.

Luk 22:5 They were glad, and agreed to give him money.

Luk 22:6 He consented, and sought an opportunity to deliver him to them in the absence of the multitude.

Luk 22:7 The day of unleavened bread came, on which the Passover must be sacrificed.

Luk 22:8 He sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat."

Luk 22:9 They said to him, "Where do you want us to prepare?"

Luk 22:10 He said to them, "Behold, when you have entered into the city, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him into the house which he enters.

Luk 22:11 Tell the master of the house, 'The Teacher says to you, "Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?" '

Luk 22:12 He will show you a large, furnished upper room. Make preparations there."

Luk 22:13 They went, found things as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.

Luk 22:14 When the hour had come, he sat down with the twelve apostles.

Luk 22:15 He said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer,

Luk 22:16 for I tell you, I will no longer by any means eat of it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God."

Luk 22:17 He received a cup, and when he had given thanks, he said, "Take this, and share it among yourselves,

Luk 22:18 for I tell you, I will not drink at all again from the fruit of the vine, until the Kingdom of God comes."

Luk 22:19 He took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and gave to them, saying, "This is my body which is given for you. Do this in memory of me."

Luk 22:20 Likewise, he took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.

Luk 22:21 But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is with me on the table.

Luk 22:22 The Son of Man indeed goes, as it has been determined, but woe to that man through whom he is betrayed!"

Luk 22:23 They began to question among themselves, which of them it was who would do this thing.

Luk 22:24 There arose also a contention among them, which of them was considered to be greatest.

Luk 22:25 He said to them, "The kings of the nations lord it over them, and those who have authority over them are called 'benefactors.'

Luk 22:26 But not so with you. But one who is the greater among you, let him become as the younger, and one who is governing, as one who serves.

Luk 22:27 For who is greater, one who sits at the table, or one who serves? Isn't it he who sits at the table? But I am in the midst of you as one who serves.

Luk 22:28 But you are those who have continued with me in my trials.

Luk 22:29 I confer on you a kingdom, even as my Father conferred on me,

Luk 22:30 that you may eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom. You will sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel."

Luk 22:31 The Lord said, "Simon, Simon, behold, Satan asked to have you, that he might sift you as wheat,

Luk 22:32 but I prayed for you, that your faith wouldn't fail. You, when once you have turned again, establish your brothers."

Luk 22:33 He said to him, "Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death!"

Luk 22:34 He said, "I tell you, Peter, the rooster will by no means crow today until you deny that you know me three times."

Luk 22:35 He said to them, "When I sent you out without purse, and wallet, and shoes, did you lack anything?" They said, "Nothing."

Luk 22:36 Then he said to them, "But now, whoever has a purse, let him take it, and likewise a wallet. Whoever has none, let him sell his cloak, and buy a sword.

Luk 22:37 For I tell you that this which is written must still be fulfilled in me: 'He was counted with the lawless.' For that which concerns me has an end."

Luk 22:38 They said, "Lord, behold, here are two swords." He said to them, "That is enough."

Luk 22:39 He came out, and went, as his custom was, to the Mount of Olives. His disciples also followed him.

Luk 22:40 When he was at the place, he said to them, "Pray that you don't enter into temptation."

Luk 22:41 He was withdrawn from them about a stone's throw, and he knelt down and prayed,

Luk 22:42 saying, "Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done."

Luk 22:43 An angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him.

Luk 22:44 Being in agony he prayed more earnestly. His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground.

Luk 22:45 When he rose up from his prayer, he came to the disciples, and found them sleeping because of grief,

Luk 22:46 and said to them, "Why do you sleep? Rise and pray that you may not enter into temptation."

Luk 22:47 While he was still speaking, behold, a multitude, and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He came near to Jesus to kiss him.

Luk 22:48 But Jesus said to him, "Judas, do you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?"

Luk 22:49 When those who were around him saw what was about to happen, they said to him, "Lord, shall we strike with the sword?"

Luk 22:50 A certain one of them struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.

Luk 22:51 But Jesus answered, "Let me at least do this" -and he touched his ear, and healed him.

Luk 22:52 Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and elders, who had come against him, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs?

Luk 22:53 When I was with you in the temple daily, you didn't stretch out your hands against me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness."

Luk 22:54 They seized him, and led him away, and brought him into the high priest's house. But Peter followed from a distance.

Luk 22:55 When they had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard, and had sat down together, Peter sat among them.

Luk 22:56 A certain servant girl saw him as he sat in the light, and looking intently at him, said, "This man also was with him."

Luk 22:57 He denied Jesus, saying, "Woman, I don't know him."

Luk 22:58 After a little while someone else saw him, and said, "You also are one of them!" But Peter answered, "Man, I am not!"

Luk 22:59 After about one hour passed, another confidently affirmed, saying, "Truly this man also was with him, for he is a Galilean!"

Luk 22:60 But Peter said, "Man, I don't know what you are talking about!" Immediately, while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed.

Luk 22:61 The Lord turned, and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the Lord's word, how he said to him, "Before the rooster crows you will deny me three times."

Luk 22:62 He went out, and wept bitterly.

Luk 22:63 The men who held Jesus mocked him and beat him.

Luk 22:64 Having blindfolded him, they struck him on the face and asked him, "Prophesy! Who is the one who struck you?"

Luk 22:65 They spoke many other things against him, insulting him.

Luk 22:66 As soon as it was day, the assembly of the elders of the people was gathered together, both chief priests and scribes, and they led him away into their council, saying,

Luk 22:67 "If you are the Christ, tell us." But he said to them, "If I tell you, you won't believe,

Luk 22:68 and if I ask, you will in no way answer me or let me go.

Luk 22:69 From now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God."

Luk 22:70 They all said, "Are you then the Son of God?" He said to them, "You say it, because I am."

Luk 22:71 They said, "Why do we need any more witness? For we ourselves have heard from his own mouth!"

May 12

Luke 23

Luk 23:1 The whole company of them rose up and brought him before Pilate.

Luk 23:2 They began to accuse him, saying, "We found this man perverting the nation, forbidding paying taxes to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, a king."

Luk 23:3 Pilate asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews?" He answered him, "So you say."

Luk 23:4 Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, "I find no basis for a charge against this man."

Luk 23:5 But they insisted, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee even to this place."

Luk 23:6 But when Pilate heard Galilee mentioned, he asked if the man was a Galilean.

Luk 23:7 When he found out that he was in Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem during those days.

Luk 23:8 Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad, for he had wanted to see him for a long time, because he had heard many things about him. He hoped to see some miracle done by him.

Luk 23:9 He questioned him with many words, but he gave no answers.

Luk 23:10 The chief priests and the scribes stood, vehemently accusing him.

Luk 23:11 Herod with his soldiers humiliated him and mocked him. Dressing him in luxurious clothing, they sent him back to Pilate.

Luk 23:12 Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before that they were enemies with each other.

Luk 23:13 Pilate called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people,

Luk 23:14 and said to them, "You brought this man to me as one that perverts the people, and see, I have examined him before you, and found no basis for a charge against this man concerning those things of which you accuse him.

Luk 23:15 Neither has Herod, for I sent you to him, and see, nothing worthy of death has been done by him.

Luk 23:16 I will therefore chastise him and release him."

Luk 23:17 Now he had to release one prisoner to them at the feast.

Luk 23:18 But they all cried out together, saying, "Away with this man! Release to us Barabbas!"-

Luk 23:19 one who was thrown into prison for a certain revolt in the city, and for murder.

Luk 23:20 Then Pilate spoke to them again, wanting to release Jesus,

Luk 23:21 but they shouted, saying, "Crucify! Crucify him!"

Luk 23:22 He said to them the third time, "Why? What evil has this man done? I have found no capital crime in him. I will therefore chastise him and release him."

Luk 23:23 But they were urgent with loud voices, asking that he might be crucified. Their voices and the voices of the chief priests prevailed.

Luk 23:24 Pilate decreed that what they asked for should be done.

Luk 23:25 He released him who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, for whom they asked, but he delivered Jesus up to their will.

Luk 23:26 When they led him away, they grabbed one Simon of Cyrene, coming from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it after Jesus.

Luk 23:27 A great multitude of the people followed him, including women who also mourned and lamented him.

Luk 23:28 But Jesus, turning to them, said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, don't weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.

Luk 23:29 For behold, the days are coming in which they will say, 'Blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.'

Luk 23:30 Then they will begin to tell the mountains, 'Fall on us!' and tell the hills, 'Cover us.'

Luk 23:31 For if they do these things in the green tree, what will be done in the dry?"

Luk 23:32 There were also others, two criminals, led with him to be put to death.

Luk 23:33 When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified him there with the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left.

Luk 23:34 Jesus said, "Father, forgive them, for they don't know what they are doing." Dividing his garments among them, they cast lots.

Luk 23:35 The people stood watching. The rulers with them also scoffed at him, saying, "He saved others. Let him save himself, if this is the Christ of God, his chosen one!"

Luk 23:36 The soldiers also mocked him, coming to him and offering him vinegar,

Luk 23:37 and saying, "If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!"

Luk 23:38 An inscription was also written over him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: "THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS."

Luk 23:39 One of the criminals who was hanged insulted him, saying, "If you are the Christ, save yourself and us!"

Luk 23:40 But the other answered, and rebuking him said, "Don't you even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation?

Luk 23:41 And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong."

Luk 23:42 He said to Jesus, "Lord, remember me when you come into your Kingdom."

Luk 23:43 Jesus said to him, "Assuredly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise."

Luk 23:44 It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour.

Luk 23:45 The sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn in two.

Luk 23:46 Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!" Having said this, he breathed his last.

Luk 23:47 When the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, "Certainly this was a righteous man."

Luk 23:48 All the multitudes that came together to see this, when they saw the things that were done, returned home beating their breasts.

Luk 23:49 All his acquaintances, and the women who followed with him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.

Luk 23:50 Behold, a man named Joseph, who was a member of the council, a good and righteous man

Luk 23:51 (he had not consented to their counsel and deed), from Arimathaea, a city of the Jews, who was also waiting for the Kingdom of God:

Luk 23:52 this man went to Pilate, and asked for Jesus' body.

Luk 23:53 He took it down, and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid him in a tomb that was cut in stone, where no one had ever been laid.

Luk 23:54 It was the day of the Preparation, and the Sabbath was drawing near.

Luk 23:55 The women, who had come with him out of Galilee, followed after, and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid.

Luk 23:56 They returned, and prepared spices and ointments. On the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.