"THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW" They Beheld His Majesty (17:1-9) by Mark Copeland



They Beheld His Majesty (17:1-9)


1. What a blessing it must have been, spending time with Christ during
   His earthly ministry...
   a. To hear His teaching, spoken with the voice of authority - Mt 7:28-29
   b. To witness His miracles, which manifested His glory - Jn 2:11

2. Among those blessed to be with Jesus, three men especially so:
   Peter, James and John...
   a. They accompanied Jesus on the mount of transfiguration - Mt 17: 1-2
   b. Peter would later write of that experience on the mount - 2Pe 1:16-18
      1) He says they were "eyewitnesses of His majesty"
      2) That Jesus received "honor and glory" from God the Father
   -- What an experience this must have been for these three fishermen
      from Galilee!

3. The setting that led up to this event was as follows...
   a. Jesus had just made two amazing statements:
      1) He would come in glory and reward each one according to his
         works - Mt 16:27
      2) As supporting evidence, some would not taste death before they saw...
         a) "the Son of Man coming in His kingdom" - Mt 16:28
         b) "the kingdom of God come with power" - Mk 9:1
         c) "the kingdom of God" - Lk 9:27
   b. The gospel writers then connect these sayings with the event
      about to occur:
      1) Matthew and Mark record "and after six days..." - Mk 17:1;Mk 9:2
      2) Luke writes "about eight days" ("the Jewish equivalent of
         `about a week later'." - Wiersbe) - Lk 9:28
      3) Luke adds "after these sayings", clearly tying the event to
         what had just been said

[What happened on the mount?  Simply put, "They Beheld His Majesty".
What was the significance of this event?  To answer this question, 
let's take a closer look and note first of all..]


      1. He was "transfigured" - Mt 17:2; Mk 9:2
         a. Gr.., metamorphoo, met-am-or-fo'-o
         b. Meaning to change, transfigure, transform
      2. This change affected His face and clothing
         a. His face shone like the sun - Mt 17:2 (Luke says the 
            appearance of His face was altered - Lk 9:29)
         b. His clothes became as white as the light - Mt 17:2
            1) Shining, exceedingly white, like snow, more than any
               launderer can whiten them - Mk 9:3
            2) White and glistening - Lk 9:29
      -- Peter later wrote that what he saw was His "majesty" (2Pe 1:
         16); the effulgence of His glory likely represented His 
         deity as the Son of God - cf. He 1:1-3

      1. They were talking with Jesus - Mt 17:3; Mk 9:4
         a. They also appeared in glory - Lk 9:31a
         b. Discussing with Jesus about His coming death in Jerusalem - Lk 9:31b
         c. Peter, James, and John had been sleeping, but awoke to see
            Jesus in His glory, and talking with Moses and Elijah - Lk 9:32
         d. Moses and Elijah then began to depart - Lk 9:33
      2. That Moses and Elijah would appear with Jesus was not lost on
         Peter - Mt 17:4
         a. Moses and Elijah were the epitome of the Law and the Prophets
         b. Peter wanted to build three tabernacles, one each for 
            Jesus, Moses and Elijah
      -- Jesus had evidently been elevated to the same level as Moses
         and Elijah in Peter's mind!

[But Peter was soon to learn that Jesus was above Moses and Elijah,
especially in regards to His authority!  As we continue, therefore, we
note that...]


      1. While Peter was still speaking, a bright cloud overshadowed
         them - Mt 17:5
      2. Peter, James, and John, fearfully entered the cloud - Lk 9:34
      3. A voice came out of the cloud:  "This is My beloved Son, in
         whom I am well pleased, Hear Him!" - Mt 17:5; cf. 3:16-17
         a. This terrified the disciples - Mt 17:6
         b. Jesus then sought to comfort them - Mt 17:7
      4. The command, "Hear Him!"...
         a. Implies that God would begin to speak through His Son, not
            the Law (Moses) and the Prophets (Elijah) - cf. He 1:1-2
         b. That the rule and reign of God would be exercised through
            His Son, as He would be given all authority in heaven and
            earth - cf. Mt 28:18
      5. Of course, this rule and reign (i.e., Christ's kingdom) would
         begin after Christ suffered (i.e., His death) and entered into
         glory (i.e., His ascension) - cf. Lk 24:26
         a. Which explains why He told them to tell no one the vision
            until after His resurrection - Mt 17:9
         b. What they had witnessed was a foretaste, a foreshadowing of
            His coming glory and rule in His kingdom!

      1. After hearing the voice, and lifting up their eyes, only Jesus
         was present - Mt 17:8; Mk 9:8
      2. Perhaps symbolizing what the voice clearly declared:  that
         Jesus was the one they were to hear, not Moses and Elijah who
         likely represented the Law and the Prophets


1. Truly "They Beheld His Majesty"...
   a. They beheld the majesty of His person
      1) Transfigured before them
      2) Exalted even above Moses and Elijah
   b. They beheld the majesty of His coming kingdom
      1) Acknowledged from heaven as God's beloved Son
      2) The One whom all should heed, for all authority would be given to Him

2. What is the significance of this event?
   a. It may be the fulfillment Jesus' statement recorded in Mt 16:28;
      Mk 9:1; Lk 9:27
      1) That some would see the Son of Man "coming" in His kingdom
      2) That some would see the kingdom of God "present" with power
      3) That some would see the kingdom of God (i.e., His rule or reign)
   b. If such is the case, what they saw was a foretaste of His kingdom or rule...
      1) Which would not be fully exercised until after His death and
         resurrection - cf. Ep 1:20-23; 1Pe 3:22
      2) Which would include that day in which He will judge the world!
         - cf. Ac 17:30-31; Mt 16:27

3. In any case, all of the events at the mount contributed to giving
   Jesus what Peter later described as "honor" and "glory" from the
   Father - 2Pe 1:17
   a. The glorious transfiguration of Christ
   b. The presence (and their subsequent absence) of Moses and Elijah
   c. The voice from heaven, acknowledging Christ as God's Son

4. What does God desire of us today?  
   a. Not tabernacles or temples erected in the memory of His Son
   b. But for us to simply obey what God said at the mount: "Hear Him!"

If we desire to add to the honor and glory that Jesus so richly 
deserves, and to one day behold His majesty in heaven, then let be
careful to heed what He himself said regarding His authority:

   "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go
   therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them
   in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
   teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you;
   and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." 
                                                     - Mt 28:18-20 
Executable Outlines, Copyright © Mark A. Copeland, 2016

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The Adulterous Woman by Dave Miller, Ph.D.



 The Adulterous Woman

by  Dave Miller, Ph.D.

One of the most misused, mishandled, and misapplied passages in the Bible is the narrative of the woman caught in adultery, recorded in John 8:1-11. [For a discussion of the technical aspects of this passage as a textual variant, see Woods, 1989, p. 162; McGarvey, 1974, p. 16; Metzger, 1971, pp. 219-222; Metzger, 1968, pp. 223-224]. This passage has been used by situation ethicists (e.g., Fletcher, 1967, pp. 83,133), libertines, and liberals to insist that God is not “technical” when it comes to requiring close adherence to His laws. The bulk of Christendom has abetted this notion by decontextualizing and applying indiscriminately the remark of Jesus: “He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first” (vs. 7). The average individual, therefore, has come to think that Jesus was tolerant and forgiving to the extent that He released the woman from the strict restrictions of Bible law that called for her execution. They believe that Jesus simply waved aside her sin, and granted her unconditional freedom and forgiveness—though the Law called for her death (Leviticus 20:10). After all, isn’t it true that Jesus places people “in the grip of grace” (Lucado, 1996)?

Those who challenge these conclusions are derided as “traditionalists” who lack “compassion,” and who are just like the “legalistic” scribes and Pharisees who cruelly accused the woman and wanted her handled in strict accordance with Mosaic Law. Did Jesus set aside the clear requirements of Mosaic legislation in order to demonstrate mercy, grace, and forgiveness? A careful study of John 8:1-11 yields at least three insights that clarify the confusion and misconception inherent in the popular imagination.

First, Mosaic regulations stated that a person could be executed only if there were two or more witnesses to the crime (Deuteronomy 19:15). One witness was insufficient to invoke the death penalty (Deuteronomy 17:6). The woman in question was reportedly caught in the “very act” (vs. 4), but nothing is mentioned about the identity of the witness or witnesses. There may have been only one, thereby making execution illegal.

Second, even if there were two or more witnesses present to verify the woman’s sin, the Old Testament was equally explicit concerning the fact that both the woman and the man were to be executed (Deuteronomy 22:22). Where was the man? The accusing mob completely side-stepped this critical feature of God’s Law, demonstrating that this trumped-up situation obviously did not fit the Mosaic preconditions for invoking capital punishment. Obedience to the Law of Moses in this instance actually meant letting the woman go!

A third consideration that libertines overlook concerning this passage is the precise meaning of the phrase “He who is without sin among you….” If this statement is taken as a blanket prohibition against accusing, disciplining, or punishing the erring, impenitent Christian, then this passage flatly contradicts a host of other passages (e.g., Romans 16:17; 1 Corinthians 5; Galatians 6:1; 2 Thessalonians 3:6,14; Titus 3:10; 2 John 9-11). Jesus not only frequently passed judgment on a variety of individuals during His life on Earth (e.g., Matthew 15:14; 23; John 8:44,55; 9:41; et al.), but also enjoined upon His followers the necessity of doing the same thing (e.g., John 7:24). Peter could be very direct in assessing people’s spiritual status (e.g., Acts 8:23). Paul rebuked the Corinthians’ inaction concerning their fornicating brother: “Do you not judge those who are inside?… Therefore put away from yourselves that wicked person” (1 Corinthians 5:12-13, emp. added). Obviously, Paul demanded that Christians must judge (i.e., make an accurate assessment regarding) a fellow Christian’s moral condition. Even the familiar proof text so often marshaled to promote laxity (i.e., “Judge not, that you be not judged”—Matthew 7:1) records Jesus admonishing disciples: “…then you will see clearly to remove the speck out of your brother’s eye” (vs. 5). The current culture-wide celebration of being nonjudgmental (“I’m OK, you’re OK”) is clearly out of harmony with Bible teaching.

So Jesus could not have been offering a blanket prohibition against taking appropriate action with regard to the sins of our fellows. Then what did His words mean? What else could possibly be going on in this setting so as to completely deflate, undermine, and terminate the boisterous determination of the woman’s accusers to attack Him, by using the woman as a pretext? What was it in Jesus’ words that had such power to stop them in their tracks—so much so that their clamor faded to silence and they departed “one by one, beginning with the oldest” (vs. 9)?

Most commentators suggest that He shamed them by getting them to realize that “nobody is perfect and we all sin.” But this motley crew—with their notorious and repeatedly documented hard-heartedness—would not have been deterred if Jesus simply had conveyed the idea that, “Hey, give the poor woman a break, none of us is perfect, and we’ve all done things we're not proud of.” These heartless scribes and Pharisees had the audacity to divert her case from the proper judicial proceedings and to humiliate her by forcibly hauling her into the presence of Jesus, thereby making her a public spectacle. Apparently accompanied by a group of complicit supporters, they cruelly subjected her to the wider audience of “all the people” (vs. 2) who had come to hear Jesus’ teaching. They hardly would have been discouraged from their objective by such a simple utterance from Jesus that “nobody’s perfect.”

So what is the answer to this puzzling circumstance? Jesus was striking at precisely the same point that Paul drove home to hard-hearted, hypocritical Jews in Rome: “Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things” (Romans 2:1). Paul was especially specific on the very point with which Jesus dealt: “You who say, ‘Do not commit adultery,’ do you commit adultery?” (vs. 22). In other words, no person is qualified to call attention to another’s sin when that individual is in the ongoing practice of the same sin. Again, as Jesus previously declared, “Hypocrite! First remove the plank from your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck out of your brother’s eye” (Matthew 7:5). After all, it is the “spiritual” brother or sister who is in the proper position to restore the wayward (Galatians 6:1).

Consequently, in the context under consideration, Jesus knew that the woman’s accusers were guilty of the very thing for which they were willing to condemn her. (It is not beyond the realm of possibility that the man with whom the woman had committed adultery was in league with the accusing crowd.) Jesus was able to prick them with their guilt by causing them to realize that He knew that they, too, were guilty. The old law made clear that the witnesses to the crime were to cast the first stones (Deuteronomy 17:7). The death penalty could not be invoked legally if the eyewitnesses were unavailable or unqualified. Jesus was striking directly at the fact that these witnesses were ineligible to fulfill this role since they were guilty of the same sin, and thus deserved to be brought up on similar charges. They were intimidated into silence by their realization that Jesus was privy to their own sexual indiscretions.

Observe carefully that with the withdrawal of the accusers, Jesus put forth a technical legal question: “Woman, where are they? Did no man condemn thee?” (ASV), or “Woman, where are those thine accusers? Hath no man condemned thee?” (vs. 10, KJV). The reason for Jesus to verify the absence of the accusers who had brought the charges against the woman was that the Law of Moses mandated the presence of eyewitnesses to the crime before guilt could be established and sentence passed. The woman confirmed, “No man, Lord” (vs. 11). Jesus then affirmed: “Neither do I condemn you….” The meaning of this pronouncement was that if two or more witnesses to her sin were not able or willing to document the crime, then she could not be held legally liable, since neither was Jesus, Himself, qualified to serve as an eyewitness to her action. The usual interpretation of “neither do I condemn you” is that Jesus was flexible, tolerant, and unwilling to be judgmental toward others or to condemn their sinful actions. Ridiculous! The Bible repudiates such thinking on nearly every page. Jesus was declaring the fact that the woman managed to slip out from under judicial condemnation on the basis of one or more legal technicalities. But, He said (to use modern-day vernacular), “You had better stop it! You were fortunate this time, but you must cease your sinful behavior!” Jesus did not condemn the woman legally--He had no grounds to do so. But He most certainly condemned her morally and spiritually!

Incredible! The scribes and Pharisees were trying to catch Jesus in a trap. Yet Jesus, as was so often the case (e.g., Matthew 21:23-27), “turned the tables” on His accusers and caught them in a trap instead! At the same time, He demonstrated a deep and abiding respect for the governing beauty and power of law—the law that He and His Father had authored. Jesus was the only person Who ever complied with Mosaic legislation perfectly. He never sought to excuse human violation of law, nor to minimize the binding and authoritative application of law to people. Any interpretation of any passage that depicts Jesus as violating God’s law in order to forgive or accommodate man is a false interpretation, as is any interpretation that relegates law to a status of secondary importance (cf. Deuteronomy 6:24; 10:13; Psalms 19:7-11; Romans 7:12). Any interpretation of any passage that contradicts the teaching of other clear passages also is false. Jesus was not in sympathy with the permissive mindset of today’s doctrinally lax thinkers who soften doctrine and the binding nature of law in the name of “grace,” “freedom,” or “compassion.”


Fletcher, Joseph (1967), Moral Responsibility (Philadelphia, PA: Westminster).

Lucado, Max (1996), In the Grip of Grace (Dallas: Word).

McGarvey, J.W. (1974 reprint), Evidences of Christianity (Nashville, TN: Gospel Advocate).

Metzger, Bruce (1971), A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (New York: United Bible Society).

Metzger, Bruce M. (1968), The Text of the New Testament (New York: Oxford University Press), second edition.

Woods, Guy N. (1989), A Commentary on the Gospel According to John (Nashville, TN: Gospel Advocate).










The “Problem” with Miracles by Kyle Butt, M.Div.



The “Problem” with Miracles

by  Kyle Butt, M.Div.

Using empirical data, some have decided what is and is not possible in this world, and miracles like the ones recorded in the New Testament do not fall into their “possible” category. Since they never have seen anyone rise from the dead or be healed instantaneously of a terminal disease, and since no scientific experiments can be carried out today that would verify the truthfulness of these miracles, then they assume that the miracles reportedly performed by Jesus must have some natural explanations. In an essay titled “Why I Don’t Buy the Resurrection,” Richard Carrier embodied the gist of this argument in the following statement:

No amount of argument can convince me to trust a 2000-year-old second-hand report, over what I see, myself, directly, here and now, with my own eyes. If I observe facts which entail that I will cease to exist when I die, then the Jesus story can never override that observation, being infinitely weaker as a proof. And yet all the evidence before my senses confirms my mortality…. A 2000 year-old second-hand tale from the backwaters of an illiterate and ignorant land can never overpower these facts. I see no one returning to life after their brain has completely died from lack of oxygen. I have had no conversations with spirits of the dead. What I see is quite the opposite of everything this tall tale claims. How can it command more respect than my own two eyes? It cannot (2000).

Although this argument at first may seem plausible, it runs into two insurmountable difficulties. First, there are things that took place in the past that no one alive today has seen or ever will see, yet they must be accepted as fact. The origin of life on this planet provides a good example. Regardless of whether a person believes in evolution or creation, he must admit that some things happened in the past that are not still happening today, or at least that have not been witnessed. To the evolutionists, I pose the question, “Have you ever personally used your five senses to establish that a nonliving thing can give rise to a living thing?” Of course, the evolutionist must admit that he never has seen such happen, in spite of all the origin-of-life experiments in the last fifty years. Does that mean that he does not accept the idea that life came from nonliving matter, just because he never has witnessed it personally? Of course not. Instead, we are asked to look at all the “evidence,” such as the geologic column and the fossil record, that he believes leads to such a conclusion. Yet the hard fact remains, no one alive today has ever seen life come from something nonliving.

Following the same line of reasoning, those who believe in creation freely admit that the creation of life on this planet is something that has not been witnessed by anyone alive today. It was a unique act that happened once, cannot be duplicated by experiment, and cannot be detected currently by the human senses. As with the evolutionist, the creationist asks us to look at the evidence such as the fossil record, the laws of thermodynamics, and the Law of Biogenesis, which he believes leads to the conclusion that life was created some time in the distant past by an intelligent Creator. Yet, before we drift too far from our discussion of a miracle such as the resurrection, let me remind you that this brief paragraph concerning creation and evolution is inserted only to prove one point—everyone must admit that he or she accepts some ideas and notions without having inspected them personally using the five senses.

Second, it is intellectual bigotry to assume that the first century people did not understand the laws of nature enough to differentiate between an actual miracle and other occurrences with natural explanations. We must not fall into the trap of thinking that the first-century onlookers did not know that rising from the dead or being healed of leprosy was unnatural. As C.S. Lewis explained:

But there is one thing often said about our ancestors which we must not say. We must not say “They believed in miracles because they did not know the Laws of Nature.” This is nonsense. When St. Joseph discovered that his bride was pregnant, he “was minded to put her away.” He knew enough about biology for that….When the disciples saw Christ walking on the water they were frightened; they would not have been frightened unless they had known the Laws of Nature and known that this was an exception (1970, p. 26).

The apostle Paul underlined this point in Romans 1:4 when he stated that Jesus Christ was “declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.” The entire point of the resurrection was, and is, that it was not naturally or scientifically repeatable and that it proved his deity. As the blind man healed by Jesus so accurately stated, “Since the world began it has been unheard of that anyone opened the eyes of one who was born blind. If this Man were not from God, He could do nothing” (John 9:32-33).


Lewis, C.S. (1970), God in the Dock, ed. Walter Hooper (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans).

Carrier, Richard (2000), [On-line], URL: http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/richard_carrier/resurrection/1b.html.










The "Paying-a-debt Theory" by Kyle Butt, M.Div.




The "Paying-a-debt Theory"

by  Kyle Butt, M.Div.

It never ceases to amaze me that, even though our society “talks religion” on a regular basis, the one place we, as a society, neglect to go for real answers is the only place that has the answers—the Bible. On the cover of the April 12, 2004 edition of Time magazine, an artist’s depiction of Jesus grabs the readers attention and directs the reader to the question written in a large font across the right side of the cover: “Why Did Jesus Have to Die?” The lengthy six-page spread discussing the question is filled with quotes from theologians, ministers, and preachers, with an occasional Bible verse gratuitously inserted to give the article a hint of “religious authenticity.”

The six different authors of the article focused on two primary “theories” as to why Jesus died on the cross. One theory they attributed to Anselm, the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1098. This theory they called the “paying-a-debt theory,” in which Christ’s death on the cross paid a debt for sinners that those sinners had no way to pay. This idea they termed “substitutionary atonement.” The idea pitted against the “paying-a-debt theory” was the theory of exemplary atonement. According to the idea of exemplary atonement, Jesus came to show humans an example to follow, and His death was not necessarily accomplished to pay some kind of debt.

“Experts” for both theories were interviewed. John Dominic Crossan, in his discussion of the theory of substitutionary atonement, called this idea “the most unfortunately successful idea in the history of Christian thought.” His reasoning for that was: “If I can persuade you that there’s a punishing God and that you deserve to be punished but I have some sort of way out for you, then that’s a very attractive theology” (as quoted in Chu, et al., 2004, 163[15]:60). Albert Mohler, the president of the Southern Baptist Convention Southern Seminary, spoke against the idea that Jesus’ sacrifice was purely for example, with no payment of debt attached.

The most disturbing aspect of the article was the fact that the Bible—the only resource that could actually answer the question at hand—was given scant attention. In the six pages of writing, one short verse from Isaiah was quoted, one verse from the Psalms, a brief six-line discussion about Paul’s letter to the Romans, a single paragraph quoting a verse from Hebrews, one from Mark, one verse from 1 Peter, and one verse from Colossians. The verses quoted from Hebrews (9:12) and Mark (10:45) explained that Christ was ransomed for many, and that with His own blood He attained their eternal redemption.

Not only were the Bible verses in the article few and far between, they were put on par with the quotes from the “experts” and given little, if any, authoritative value. They were presented, not as the Word of God, but simply as another voice to be heard in the discussion. Furthermore, Anselm was credited with “developing” the “theory” of atonement—an idea that the biblical writers had “developed” through inspiration almost a thousand years before Anselm.

The real question of the article should have been: “According to the Bible, why did Jesus die on the cross?” A complete catalog of every verse pertaining to this question is not feasible in this brief article. But a few of the more direct statements make it clear that the Bible clearly depicts Jesus’ death on the cross as an atoning sacrifice for sinners who could not pay their own debt. Hebrews 9:22 explains that “without the shedding of blood there is no remission” of sins. Later in the chapter, the Hebrews writer remarked that “Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many” (9:28). The prophet Isaiah wrote: “Surely He has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed Him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement for out peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed…. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief. When you make His soul an offering for sin” (53:4-6,10).

John wrote that Jesus is “the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world” (1 John 2:2). The word propitiation means a satisfactory sacrifice or a sacrifice of appeasement. In a discussion with the elders from the church at Ephesus, the apostle Paul exhorted the leaders “to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood” (Acts 20:28). The verse in Hebrews referred to in the article sums up the idea of atonement quite well: “Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place, once for all, having obtained eternal redemption” (9:12).

It is true that several verses in the Bible explain that Jesus’ death was also accomplished to provide an example of how to behave when persecuted (1 Peter 2:21-25). It is not true, however, that this example detracts in anyway from the fact that Jesus was the satisfactory sacrifice Who paid the debt of sins and was offered as an atoning sacrifice for the sins of the world. Anselm did not develop the “theory” of atonement in 1098. The fact of atonement was in God’s mind even before time began (1 Peter 1:18-20), and eventually was accomplished through the death and resurrection of Christ. The article in Time magazine shows a fundamental problem with religion in America. Our society has stopped going to the Bible for definitive answers, and looks to the “experts” to answer questions that can only be answered correctly via the Bible. Until we, as a people, decide to go back to the Word of God for our answers, we will continue to meander aimlessly in philosophical and religious mire. We must adopt the attitude recorded by the psalmist in regard to God’s Word: “Oh, how I love Your law! It is my meditation all the day. You, through Your commandments, make me wiser than my enemies; for they are ever with me. I have more understanding than all my teachers, for Your testimonies are my meditation. I understand more than the ancients, because I keep Your precepts” (119:97-100).


Chu, Jeff, et al. (2004), “Why Did Jesus Die?”, Time, 163[15]:54-61, April 12.







TELL THEM THAT! by Jim McGuiggan




You know a group (or a family or an individual) that is having a rough ride in life and you know it’ll get worse before it gets better and you purpose to write them a letter. How would you begin it?

There’d be nothing at all wrong in saying something like, “Ah, dear people, we have heard of your pain and loss and we want you to know that our hearts are with your hearts…” Surely there’s always a place for the expression of fellow-feeling and sympathy!

  But troubled people need more than sympathy—of course! Where it’s possible we need to get involved in a “hands on” way to alleviate if not completely eradicate their difficulties (doesn’t Matthew 25:34-40 call us to that and more?). 

  After the meal has been eaten or the warmth of the personal visit is only a memory something must remain with them! The meal and the warmth and the clothes should all be given but there comes a time when the person must carry the burden alone and something must be put into these people that stays when the helpers depart.  

Peter writes to people in trouble, people despised and rejected by society, people who are undergoing suffering and will face even more in the days ahead. And how does he open a letter to that kind of people? 

  In 1:1-3 he tells them who they are!

  He tells them they are God’s chosen! He tells them that they are the people made different by the Holy Spirit! He tells them that they are the people covenanted to God by the blood of Jesus Christ (see Exodus 24:1-8). He later tells them that though they are rejected by their peers and despised by them that they are chosen by God and that he sees them as precious (1 Peter 2:4). Then he tells them that however scorned and mistreated they are that they’re God’s holy nation and royal priesthood with a destiny and a commission that beggars description (2:9-10).

  Peter doesn’t deny their trouble—far from it! Read the entire short letter in one sitting and see what I mean.

  But he opens his letter reminding them who they are! Imagine them sitting in their little assemblies and hearing these words read out to them (1:1-3, and the rest). If they can really believe these almost incredible claims will their lives not be transformed and will they not find joy as they see their trials as part of the suffering of the Lord Jesus? “Will they not be thrilled as they ask themselves, “This is who we are? This is really who we are?”

    And how should we speak to our troubled brothers and sisters throughout the world? What should we say to tiny assemblies in far-off places that are suffering for their faith? And to those nearer at hand! Is this not a direction we should go? In wise and caring ways should we not—before we speak of their troubles but never forgetting that they are troubled—should we not tell them who they are?

   Tell each other who you are! Unpack the meaning of who they are. Our people don't know who they are.

  Get a hands-on involvement in things that can be changed for each other.

  Then tell each other again who you are!

  Keep on telling one another who you are!

  Keep on telling one another WHOSE you are and therefore who you are!

         [And while we're at it—tell the happy and blessed who they are!]

         [And while we're at it, tell troubled non-Christians what kind of God GOD is. Tell them noble things about God and tell them that he will right all wrongs—the wrongs wrought against them! Help them to believe that what’s happening to them matters to Him and do what you can to help them trust Him. Remind them that Christians aren’t God’s “pets” and that they too hurt but that they have good reason to believe that abuse and tyranny and sadness do not have the last word!]

Peter’s readers were Messianic Jews scattered through the provinces he mentions as he begins his letter. Not only would they be in a real sense alienated from the Gentile world around them, many of them would be regarded with suspicion and worse by leaders in the Jewish communities (compare 1 Peter 2:4-10 where the Christians are viewed as stones in the temple built on the Rejected Stone and see Acts 4:11). These Christians were already suffering in some ways and to some degree and Peter insists that there is more ahead (1 Peter 1:6 and 4:7, 17).  

Since God is their Father and they are his chosen they might have expected to have everything going for them (this is a commonplace expectation and it isn’t an unreasonable one). Pain and loss speak their message loud and clear—“You don’t matter; if you mattered you’d be taken care of!” This is part of the reason Peter repeatedly stresses their identity—because their experience calls it into question.  

Having assured them of their identity he speaks to them of their inheritance in 1 Peter 1:3-5. 

You understand that what members of a good family inherit is not only a series of blessings—being part of a “good” family is the supreme blessing. Still, we mustn’t try to be too precise; while just the privilege of being part of a good family is the root of everything there are blessings that come to a good family that can’t be experienced by those outside it. It would be wrong to seek God only for what he can give us but it would be stupid to think we aren’t allowed to rejoice in the blessings he does give us.  

Peter’s troubled readers who were redeemed by the extraordinary (1 Peter 1:18-19) are heirs of the extraordinary. Whatever the inheritance is it cannot be seized by oppressors or plundered by conquerors. It is reserved in a realm beyond tyranny’s reach and in a place where thieves can’t steal it. It isn’t the kind of treasure that moths can eat or rust can destroy (Matthew 6:19-21). Present experience and past history would give all this a special clarity for these Jewish believers but it would say no less to Christians everywhere who live in slums with rapacious gangs and landlords and brutal governments and militia groups on the prowl. That inheritance which is now theirs by virtue of who they are will one day be their actual and personal experience. 

In the meantime—and this truth must be a terrible burden for the truly burdened by life—part of what they have inherited as part of the community of Christ is to share the sufferings of Jesus Christ. Note the explanatory words like “for” in passages such as 1 Peter 2:21; you were called to this “for” (because) Christ also suffered for us.  

Why should Christians suffer when their inheritance in Jesus Christ is glory, honor and immortality? Because they are part of the body of Christ who has borne our sicknesses and carried our diseases (see Matthew 8:16-17). Christians suffer for the world! They are part of the redeeming presence of Jesus in the world in every generation.

So even their suffering—however difficult it is for truly suffering souls to believe—even their suffering is shot through with glory. 1 Peter 4:12-16. That passage focuses more on the suffering that is persecution but to limit the NT’s view of the sufferings of Christians to nothing more that persecution is a real mistake. To reduce Christ’s suffering to what happened that week is a huge blunder. Lovers are filled with anguish because those they love are suffering, being and abused and misrepresented. Much of the suffering of the world rises out of the love people feel for their beloved ones.

A day will come when those who have embraced Jesus Christ will show the scars they gained as they served him and they’ll glory in them. Note this from Shakespeare’s Henry V about his outnumbered troops gathered against the French at Agincourt: 

We would not die in that man's company
That fears his fellowship to die with us.
This day is called the feast of Crispian:
He that outlives this day, and comes safe home,
Will stand a tip-toe when the day is named,
And rouse him at the name of Crispian.
He that shall live this day, and see old age,
Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbors,
And say 'To-morrow is Saint Crispian:'
Then will he strip his sleeve and show his scars.
And say 'These wounds I had on Crispin's day.'
Old men forget: yet all shall be forgot,
But he'll remember with advantages
What feats he did that day: then shall our names.
Familiar in his mouth as household words
Harry the king, Bedford and Exeter,
Warwick and Talbot, Salisbury and Gloucester,
Be in their flowing cups freshly remember'd.
This story shall the good man teach his son;
And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by,
From this day to the ending of the world,
But we in it shall be remember'd;
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers


This too is part of the inheritance of Christians. This too is part of what we should say to the truly troubled. 









1. The apostle Paul was not saved like the thief on the cross.
2. The apostle Paul was not saved by saying the sinner's prayer.
3. The apostle Paul was not saved by grace alone.
4. The apostle Paul was not saved by faith only.
5. The apostle Paul was not saved by baptism alone.
6. The apostle Paul was not saved by confession alone.
7. The apostle Paul was not saved by repentance alone.
8. The apostle Paul was not saved on the road to Damascus.


The apostle Paul was saved like the three thousand that were saved on the Day of Pentecost. He was saved just like every person saved under the new covenant.

 What did Peter preach on the Day of Pentecost? 

1. John 3:16  Saved by faith.The apostle Peter preached Jesus as Lord and Savior.(Acts 2:36)
2. Romans 10:9 Believe the resurrection of Jesus. Peter preached the resurrection.(Acts 2:25-35)
3. Acts 3:19 Saved by repentance. The apostle Peter preached repentance. (Acts 2:38)
4. Mark 16:16 Saved by water immersion. Peter preached forgiveness through water baptism. (Acts 2:38)(Acts 2:40-41)

1. Saul (Paul) Believed and repented on the road to Damascus. (Acts 9:3-6)

2. Saul (Paul) Prayed three days while on the road to Damascus, however, neither faith alone, nor saying a sinner's prayer was sufficient for him to have his sins forgiven. (Acts 9:9-11)

3. Saul (Paul) had his sins forgiven after three days on the road to Damascus. Acts 22:10-16......16 'And now why are you waiting? Arise and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord.(NKJV)

Faith only advocates say that Saul's sins were forgiven because he called on the name of the Lord, not because of water baptism. That contradicts their own "faith only" belief that you are saved the minute you believe. Saul believed and repented three days prior on the road to Damascus.

The apostle Paul was saved just like every other person that was saved or will be saved under the new covenant. 1. Faith, John 3:16 2. Confession, Romans 10:9 3. Repentance, Acts 3:19 4. Immersion in water, Acts 2:38, Mark 16:16

NOTE: The thief on the cross was saved before the New Testament was in force. He was not saved on or after the Day of Pentecost. The new covenant was only in force after the resurrection and Ascension of Jesus.









Were former days better? by J.C. Bailey



Were former days better?

"Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou dost not inquire wisely concerning this" (Ecclesiastes 7:10).

It rained last Sunday. I went to Radville to worship. A stretch of the road was under construction. I got stuck. I was late for the service. We lived in Radville many years. For many years there was not any gravel, let alone hardtop, on any road leading into Radville. To get stuck in the gumbo was not an uncommon experience. I know that what is called the “Good Old Days” is largely a myth.

I have just reread a book written by James Orval Filbeck entitled The Christian Evidence Movement. This book shows that at the time of the founding of the American nation Deism and Agnosticism were rampant. The opposition to truth was strong and more successful than it is today, as we are prepared to show. Men arose who challenged and defeated the foes of Christianity. Are we too complacent to do the same thing today?

Opposition to truth was rampant as the American nation was born. Let us look at the truth of this assertion. This is found on page 71 of Brother Filbeck's book. John Adams said on April 21, 1823: “It would be more pardonable to believe in no God at all than to blaspheme Him by the atrocious attributes of Calvin. Indeed, I think every Christian sect gives a great handle to atheism by their general dogma, that without a revelation, there would not be sufficient proof of the being of a God.” In other words, the Bible was not needed.

We quote further from Adams: “And the day will come when the mystical generation of Jesus by the Supreme Being as his Father, in the womb of the virgin, will be classed with the fable of the generation of Minerva in the brain of Jupiter.” Brother Filbeck shows by exact quotations that there were many others of the Founding Fathers who were not believers in the Bible as the Word of God, nor in Jesus Christ as the only begotten Son of the Father.

I want to show next that this had a profound effect on the thinking of the students in the schools of that day. Yale is one of the oldest and best-known Colleges in the U.S.A. On page 86 of the Filbeck book we have the following to show that the good old days were not different from what we have now. If anything, it was worse. The establishment of American Independence had not been affected without the moral contamination always the result of protracted wars. Licentiousness, both in conduct and sentiment, had followed the footsteps of liberty, and of the exultation of political emancipation, infidel philosophers found ready listeners, when they represented the restraints of religion as fetters of the conscience and moral obligation as shackles imposed by bigotry and priest craft.”

To show how successful the forces of evil were we quote from page 86: “At this critical period in the history of Yale, most undergraduates avowed themselves skeptics....The terrible condition for Christendom is made more evident by the fact that in the fall of 1796 only one freshman was a 'professing Christian': the sophomore class contained none; the junior, one; and the senior only had eight or nine. By the year 1800, it was reported that there were only five students who were members of the college church.”

Nor was Yale the only college so affected. We read the following about Princeton: “in the year 1782 there were only two students in the entire body who professed to be Christians.”

We learn this about Williams College: (The following was written by a member of the first class to graduate from the college): “Respecting the religious state of things in the College during my residence in it, I have no favorable account to give. It was the time of the French Revolution, which was, at that time, very popular with almost all the people in that part of the country. French liberty and French philosophy poured in upon us like a flood; and seemed to sweep everything serious before it.” So great was the flood of infidelity that we read further of still another college: “So great had been the common danger at Dartmouth College that in the class of 1799 only one member would openly make acknowledgment of his belief in Christianity.”

Nor was Adams the only man of the Founding Fathers who embraced the infidelity of the French Revolution. Thomas Jefferson was the author of the Declaration of Independence, yet Jefferson permitted Dr. Thomas Cooper, a rank infidel, to teach in the University of Virginia until opposition made it necessary that he resign.

We could use many pages to show the terrible religious condition of the country at the time of the War of Independence. Thank God there arose men who met the infidelic challenge and defeated it. Are we brave enough to meet the present challenge? We have more evidence today to show that the claims of the infidel are false than they had then.

The following gives us some idea of what happened as the battle was joined in the “good old days”: “The turbulent wave of French infidelity and aggressive English deism almost simultaneously encroached upon the American continent. As these forces moved in upon the various phases of life, there began a counter move which grew stronger and stronger in zeal and intensity” (page 95).

One of the leaders in this fight was Timothy Dwight, many years President of Yale. I quote from him: “Dwight recognized the significance for mankind of words like Reason and Liberty; but to worship abstract terms seemed to him idolatry as meaningless as that of the heathen who bowed down before a sacred cow or stone. It was beyond his understanding how intelligent man could idolize a bare word, sacrificing at its shrine the very thing which it denoted” (page 97).

As we look at history, the French groaned under oppression, they talked of liberty, but what did they do? They turned their so-called liberty into an orgy of pillage and murder. The Communists talk of liberty for the masses but no force has ever so subjected the masses to abject suffering as the Communists have. Jesus said: “I came that they might have life and have it abundantly” (John 10:10). True liberty is only found in Christ. Sin always brings bondage and slavery.

I think we can do no better than to quote Mark Hopkins who was president of Williams College from 1836 to 1872. (President Garfield was one of his students and is reputed to have said: “A log with a student at one end and Mark Hopkins at the other is my ideal college.”) Hopkins believed that the evidence was conclusive in favor of Christianity. He contended that Christianity is supported by moral evidence.

If any one would care to look around they can see how true this is. In many things we all stumble but the deeper the faith in the Bible the higher the moral standard. He that would question this must close his eyes to all the evidence around him.

Hopkins further said: “Hume does not take into account the moral government of God at all. This is a great mistake.” Our quotation from Filbeck continues: “He (Hopkins) significantly stated that 'moral government of God is a movement in a line onwards toward some grand consummation, in which the principles, indeed, are ever the same, but the developments are ever new, in which, therefore, no experience of the past can indicate with certainty what new openings of truth, what new manifestations of goodness, what new phases of morals may appear'.”

We follow the reasoning of Hopkins further: “Hopkins took special notice of the question of divine revelation -- a revelation attested by miraculous demonstration; for whatever probability there was that there would be a revelation, the same was there that there would be miracles; because miracles so far as we can see, are the only means by which it would be possible for God to authenticate a communication to man” (page 106).

The assailants change but the battle does not change. We must put on the whole armor of God that we may be able to stand in that evil day. The forces of right are much stronger than the forces of evil but we shall not succeed if we think that we can reach heaven on flowery beds of ease. Others fought and were victorious. There is no question about the outcome if we are strong in the Lord and in the power of His might.

J. C. Bailey, 1979, Weyburn, Saskatchewan

Published in The Old Paths Archive












Bible Reading for August 24 and 25 by Gary Rose


Bible Reading for August 24 and 25 

World  English  Bible


Aug. 24

Job 30-35

Job 30:1 "But now those who are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to put with my sheep dogs.

Job 30:2 Of what use is the strength of their hands to me, men in whom ripe age has perished?

Job 30:3 They are gaunt from lack and famine. They gnaw the dry ground, in the gloom of waste and desolation.

Job 30:4 They pluck salt herbs by the bushes. The roots of the broom are their food.

Job 30:5 They are driven out from the midst of men. They cry after them as after a thief;

Job 30:6 So that they dwell in frightful valleys, and in holes of the earth and of the rocks.

Job 30:7 Among the bushes they bray; and under the nettles they are gathered together.

Job 30:8 They are children of fools, yes, children of base men. They were flogged out of the land.

Job 30:9 "Now I have become their song. Yes, I am a byword to them.

Job 30:10 They abhor me, they stand aloof from me, and don't hesitate to spit in my face.

Job 30:11 For he has untied his cord, and afflicted me; and they have thrown off restraint before me.

Job 30:12 On my right hand rise the rabble. They thrust aside my feet, They cast up against me their ways of destruction.

Job 30:13 They mar my path, They set forward my calamity, without anyone's help.

Job 30:14 As through a wide breach they come, in the midst of the ruin they roll themselves in.

Job 30:15 Terrors have turned on me. They chase my honor as the wind. My welfare has passed away as a cloud.

Job 30:16 "Now my soul is poured out within me. Days of affliction have taken hold on me.

Job 30:17 In the night season my bones are pierced in me, and the pains that gnaw me take no rest.

Job 30:18 By great force is my garment disfigured. It binds me about as the collar of my coat.

Job 30:19 He has cast me into the mire. I have become like dust and ashes.

Job 30:20 I cry to you, and you do not answer me. I stand up, and you gaze at me.

Job 30:21 You have turned to be cruel to me. With the might of your hand you persecute me.

Job 30:22 You lift me up to the wind, and drive me with it. You dissolve me in the storm.

Job 30:23 For I know that you will bring me to death, To the house appointed for all living.

Job 30:24 "However doesn't one stretch out a hand in his fall? Or in his calamity therefore cry for help?

Job 30:25 Didn't I weep for him who was in trouble? Wasn't my soul grieved for the needy?

Job 30:26 When I looked for good, then evil came; When I waited for light, there came darkness.

Job 30:27 My heart is troubled, and doesn't rest. Days of affliction have come on me.

Job 30:28 I go mourning without the sun. I stand up in the assembly, and cry for help.

Job 30:29 I am a brother to jackals, and a companion to ostriches.

Job 30:30 My skin grows black and peels from me. My bones are burned with heat.

Job 30:31 Therefore my harp has turned to mourning, and my pipe into the voice of those who weep.

Job 31:1 "I made a covenant with my eyes, how then should I look lustfully at a young woman?

Job 31:2 For what is the portion from God above, and the heritage from the Almighty on high?

Job 31:3 Is it not calamity to the unrighteous, and disaster to the workers of iniquity?

Job 31:4 Doesn't he see my ways, and number all my steps?

Job 31:5 "If I have walked with falsehood, and my foot has hurried to deceit

Job 31:6 (let me be weighed in an even balance, that God may know my integrity);

Job 31:7 if my step has turned out of the way, if my heart walked after my eyes, if any defilement has stuck to my hands,

Job 31:8 then let me sow, and let another eat. Yes, let the produce of my field be rooted out.

Job 31:9 "If my heart has been enticed to a woman, and I have laid wait at my neighbor's door,

Job 31:10 then let my wife grind for another, and let others sleep with her.

Job 31:11 For that would be a heinous crime. Yes, it would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges:

Job 31:12 For it is a fire that consumes to destruction, and would root out all my increase.

Job 31:13 "If I have despised the cause of my male servant or of my female servant, when they contended with me;

Job 31:14 What then shall I do when God rises up? When he visits, what shall I answer him?

Job 31:15 Didn't he who made me in the womb make him? Didn't one fashion us in the womb?

Job 31:16 "If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

Job 31:17 or have eaten my morsel alone, and the fatherless has not eaten of it

Job 31:18 (no, from my youth he grew up with me as with a father, her have I guided from my mother's womb);

Job 31:19 if I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or that the needy had no covering;

Job 31:20 if his heart hasn't blessed me, if he hasn't been warmed with my sheep's fleece;

Job 31:21 if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate,

Job 31:22 then let my shoulder fall from the shoulder blade, and my arm be broken from the bone.

Job 31:23 For calamity from God is a terror to me. Because his majesty, I can do nothing.

Job 31:24 "If I have made gold my hope, and have said to the fine gold, 'You are my confidence;'

Job 31:25 If I have rejoiced because my wealth was great, and because my hand had gotten much;

Job 31:26 if I have seen the sun when it shined, or the moon moving in splendor,

Job 31:27 and my heart has been secretly enticed, and my hand threw a kiss from my mouth,

Job 31:28 this also would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges; for I should have denied the God who is above.

Job 31:29 "If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him;

Job 31:30 (yes, I have not allowed my mouth to sin by asking his life with a curse);

Job 31:31 if the men of my tent have not said, 'Who can find one who has not been filled with his meat?'

Job 31:32 (the foreigner has not lodged in the street, but I have opened my doors to the traveler);

Job 31:33 if like Adam I have covered my transgressions, by hiding my iniquity in my heart,

Job 31:34 because I feared the great multitude, and the contempt of families terrified me, so that I kept silence, and didn't go out of the door--

Job 31:35 oh that I had one to hear me! (behold, here is my signature, let the Almighty answer me); let the accuser write my indictment!

Job 31:36 Surely I would carry it on my shoulder; and I would bind it to me as a crown.

Job 31:37 I would declare to him the number of my steps. as a prince would I go near to him.

Job 31:38 If my land cries out against me, and its furrows weep together;

Job 31:39 if I have eaten its fruits without money, or have caused its owners to lose their life,

Job 31:40 let briars grow instead of wheat, and stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.

Job 32:1 So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.

Job 32:2 Then the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel, the Buzite, of the family of Ram, was kindled against Job. His wrath was kindled because he justified himself rather than God.

Job 32:3 Also his wrath was kindled against his three friends, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job.

Job 32:4 Now Elihu had waited to speak to Job, because they were elder than he.

Job 32:5 When Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men, his wrath was kindled.

Job 32:6 Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered, "I am young, and you are very old; Therefore I held back, and didn't dare show you my opinion.

Job 32:7 I said, 'Days should speak, and multitude of years should teach wisdom.'

Job 32:8 But there is a spirit in man, and the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding.

Job 32:9 It is not the great who are wise, nor the aged who understand justice.

Job 32:10 Therefore I said, 'Listen to me; I also will show my opinion.'

Job 32:11 "Behold, I waited for your words, and I listened for your reasoning, while you searched out what to say.

Job 32:12 Yes, I gave you my full attention, but there was no one who convinced Job, or who answered his words, among you.

Job 32:13 Beware lest you say, 'We have found wisdom, God may refute him, not man;'

Job 32:14 for he has not directed his words against me; neither will I answer him with your speeches.

Job 32:15 "They are amazed. They answer no more. They don't have a word to say.

Job 32:16 Shall I wait, because they don't speak, because they stand still, and answer no more?

Job 32:17 I also will answer my part, and I also will show my opinion.

Job 32:18 For I am full of words. The spirit within me constrains me.

Job 32:19 Behold, my breast is as wine which has no vent; like new wineskins it is ready to burst.

Job 32:20 I will speak, that I may be refreshed. I will open my lips and answer.

Job 32:21 Please don't let me respect any man's person, neither will I give flattering titles to any man.

Job 32:22 For I don't know how to give flattering titles; or else my Maker would soon take me away.

Job 33:1 "However, Job, Please hear my speech, and listen to all my words.

Job 33:2 See now, I have opened my mouth. My tongue has spoken in my mouth.

Job 33:3 My words shall utter the uprightness of my heart. That which my lips know they shall speak sincerely.

Job 33:4 The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty gives me life.

Job 33:5 If you can, answer me. Set your words in order before me, and stand forth.

Job 33:6 Behold, I am toward God even as you are. I am also formed out of the clay.

Job 33:7 Behold, my terror shall not make you afraid, neither shall my pressure be heavy on you.

Job 33:8 "Surely you have spoken in my hearing, I have heard the voice of your words, saying,

Job 33:9 'I am clean, without disobedience. I am innocent, neither is there iniquity in me.

Job 33:10 Behold, he finds occasions against me. He counts me for his enemy.

Job 33:11 He puts my feet in the stocks. He marks all my paths.'

Job 33:12 "Behold, I will answer you. In this you are not just, for God is greater than man.

Job 33:13 Why do you strive against him, because he doesn't give account of any of his matters?

Job 33:14 For God speaks once, yes twice, though man pays no attention.

Job 33:15 In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falls on men, in slumbering on the bed;

Job 33:16 Then he opens the ears of men, and seals their instruction,

Job 33:17 That he may withdraw man from his purpose, and hide pride from man.

Job 33:18 He keeps back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

Job 33:19 He is chastened also with pain on his bed, with continual strife in his bones;

Job 33:20 So that his life abhors bread, and his soul dainty food.

Job 33:21 His flesh is so consumed away, that it can't be seen. His bones that were not seen stick out.

Job 33:22 Yes, his soul draws near to the pit, and his life to the destroyers.

Job 33:23 "If there is beside him an angel, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show to man what is right for him;

Job 33:24 then God is gracious to him, and says, 'Deliver him from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom.'

Job 33:25 His flesh shall be fresher than a child's. He returns to the days of his youth.

Job 33:26 He prays to God, and he is favorable to him, so that he sees his face with joy. He restores to man his righteousness.

Job 33:27 He sings before men, and says, 'I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it didn't profit me.

Job 33:28 He has redeemed my soul from going into the pit. My life shall see the light.'

Job 33:29 "Behold, God works all these things, twice, yes three times, with a man,

Job 33:30 to bring back his soul from the pit, that he may be enlightened with the light of the living.

Job 33:31 Mark well, Job, and listen to me. Hold your peace, and I will speak.

Job 33:32 If you have anything to say, answer me. Speak, for I desire to justify you.

Job 33:33 If not, listen to me. Hold your peace, and I will teach you wisdom."

Job 34:1 Moreover Elihu answered,

Job 34:2 "Hear my words, you wise men. Give ear to me, you who have knowledge.

Job 34:3 For the ear tries words, as the palate tastes food.

Job 34:4 Let us choose for us that which is right. Let us know among ourselves what is good.

Job 34:5 For Job has said, 'I am righteous, God has taken away my right:

Job 34:6 Notwithstanding my right I am considered a liar. My wound is incurable, though I am without disobedience.'

Job 34:7 What man is like Job, who drinks scorn like water,

Job 34:8 Who goes in company with the workers of iniquity, and walks with wicked men?

Job 34:9 For he has said, 'It profits a man nothing that he should delight himself with God.'

Job 34:10 "Therefore listen to me, you men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness, from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity.

Job 34:11 For the work of a man he will render to him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.

Job 34:12 Yes surely, God will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert justice.

Job 34:13 Who put him in charge of the earth? or who has appointed him over the whole world?

Job 34:14 If he set his heart on himself, If he gathered to himself his spirit and his breath,

Job 34:15 all flesh would perish together, and man would turn again to dust.

Job 34:16 "If now you have understanding, hear this. Listen to the voice of my words.

Job 34:17 Shall even one who hates justice govern? Will you condemn him who is righteous and mighty?--

Job 34:18 Who says to a king, 'Vile!' or to nobles, 'Wicked!'?

Job 34:19 Who doesn't respect the persons of princes, nor regards the rich more than the poor; for they all are the work of his hands.

Job 34:20 In a moment they die, even at midnight. The people are shaken and pass away. The mighty are taken away without a hand.

Job 34:21 "For his eyes are on the ways of a man. He sees all his goings.

Job 34:22 There is no darkness, nor thick gloom, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Job 34:23 For he doesn't need to consider a man further, that he should go before God in judgment.

Job 34:24 He breaks in pieces mighty men in ways past finding out, and sets others in their place.

Job 34:25 Therefore he takes knowledge of their works. He overturns them in the night, so that they are destroyed.

Job 34:26 He strikes them as wicked men in the open sight of others;

Job 34:27 because they turned aside from following him, and wouldn't pay attention to any of his ways,

Job 34:28 so that they caused the cry of the poor to come to him. He heard the cry of the afflicted.

Job 34:29 When he gives quietness, who then can condemn? When he hides his face, who then can see him? Alike whether to a nation, or to a man,

Job 34:30 that the godless man may not reign, that there be no one to ensnare the people.

Job 34:31 "For has any said to God, 'I am guilty, but I will not offend any more.

Job 34:32 Teach me that which I don't see. If I have done iniquity, I will do it no more'?

Job 34:33 Shall his recompense be as you desire, that you refuse it? For you must choose, and not I. Therefore speak what you know.

Job 34:34 Men of understanding will tell me, yes, every wise man who hears me:

Job 34:35 'Job speaks without knowledge. His words are without wisdom.'

Job 34:36 I wish that Job were tried to the end, because of his answering like wicked men.

Job 34:37 For he adds rebellion to his sin. He claps his hands among us, and multiplies his words against God."

Job 35:1 Moreover Elihu answered,

Job 35:2 "Do you think this to be your right, or do you say, 'My righteousness is more than God's,'

Job 35:3 That you ask, 'What advantage will it be to you? What profit shall I have, more than if I had sinned?'

Job 35:4 I will answer you, and your companions with you.

Job 35:5 Look to the heavens, and see. See the skies, which are higher than you.

Job 35:6 If you have sinned, what effect do you have against him? If your transgressions are multiplied, what do you do to him?

Job 35:7 If you are righteous, what do you give him? Or what does he receive from your hand?

Job 35:8 Your wickedness may hurt a man as you are, and your righteousness may profit a son of man.

Job 35:9 "By reason of the multitude of oppressions they cry out. They cry for help by reason of the arm of the mighty.

Job 35:10 But none says, 'Where is God my Maker, who gives songs in the night,

Job 35:11 who teaches us more than the animals of the earth, and makes us wiser than the birds of the sky?'

Job 35:12 There they cry, but none gives answer, because of the pride of evil men.

Job 35:13 Surely God will not hear an empty cry, neither will the Almighty regard it.

Job 35:14 How much less when you say you don't see him. The cause is before him, and you wait for him!

Job 35:15 But now, because he has not visited in his anger, neither does he greatly regard arrogance.

Job 35:16 Therefore Job opens his mouth with empty talk, and he multiplies words without knowledge."

Aug. 25

Job 36-42

Job 36:1 Elihu also continued, and said,

Job 36:2 "Bear with me a little, and I will show you; for I still have something to say on God's behalf.

Job 36:3 I will get my knowledge from afar, and will ascribe righteousness to my Maker.

Job 36:4 For truly my words are not false. One who is perfect in knowledge is with you.

Job 36:5 "Behold, God is mighty, and doesn't despise anyone. He is mighty in strength of understanding.

Job 36:6 He doesn't preserve the life of the wicked, but gives to the afflicted their right.

Job 36:7 He doesn't withdraw his eyes from the righteous, but with kings on the throne, he sets them forever, and they are exalted.

Job 36:8 If they are bound in fetters, and are taken in the cords of afflictions,

Job 36:9 then he shows them their work, and their transgressions, that they have behaved themselves proudly.

Job 36:10 He also opens their ears to instruction, and commands that they return from iniquity.

Job 36:11 If they listen and serve him, they shall spend their days in prosperity, and their years in pleasures.

Job 36:12 But if they don't listen, they shall perish by the sword; they shall die without knowledge.

Job 36:13 "But those who are godless in heart lay up anger. They don't cry for help when he binds them.

Job 36:14 They die in youth. Their life perishes among the unclean.

Job 36:15 He delivers the afflicted by their affliction, and opens their ear in oppression.

Job 36:16 Yes, he would have allured you out of distress, into a broad place, where there is no restriction. That which is set on your table would be full of fatness.

Job 36:17 "But you are full of the judgment of the wicked. Judgment and justice take hold of you.

Job 36:18 Don't let riches entice you to wrath, neither let the great size of a bribe turn you aside.

Job 36:19 Would your wealth sustain you in distress, or all the might of your strength?

Job 36:20 Don't desire the night, when people are cut off in their place.

Job 36:21 Take heed, don't regard iniquity; for you have chosen this rather than affliction.

Job 36:22 Behold, God is exalted in his power. Who is a teacher like him?

Job 36:23 Who has prescribed his way for him? Or who can say, 'You have committed unrighteousness?'

Job 36:24 "Remember that you magnify his work, whereof men have sung.

Job 36:25 All men have looked thereon. Man sees it afar off.

Job 36:26 Behold, God is great, and we don't know him. The number of his years is unsearchable.

Job 36:27 For he draws up the drops of water, which distill in rain from his vapor,

Job 36:28 Which the skies pour down and which drop on man abundantly.

Job 36:29 Yes, can any understand the spreading of the clouds, and the thunderings of his pavilion?

Job 36:30 Behold, he spreads his light around him. He covers the bottom of the sea.

Job 36:31 For by these he judges the people. He gives food in abundance.

Job 36:32 He covers his hands with the lightning, and commands it to strike the mark.

Job 36:33 Its noise tells about him, and the livestock also concerning the storm that comes up.

Job 37:1 "Yes, at this my heart trembles, and is moved out of its place.

Job 37:2 Hear, oh, hear the noise of his voice, the sound that goes out of his mouth.

Job 37:3 He sends it forth under the whole sky, and his lightning to the ends of the earth.

Job 37:4 After it a voice roars. He thunders with the voice of his majesty. He doesn't hold back anything when his voice is heard.

Job 37:5 God thunders marvelously with his voice. He does great things, which we can't comprehend.

Job 37:6 For he says to the snow, 'Fall on the earth;' likewise to the shower of rain, and to the showers of his mighty rain.

Job 37:7 He seals up the hand of every man, that all men whom he has made may know it.

Job 37:8 Then the animals take cover, and remain in their dens.

Job 37:9 Out of its chamber comes the storm, and cold out of the north.

Job 37:10 By the breath of God, ice is given, and the breadth of the waters is frozen.

Job 37:11 Yes, he loads the thick cloud with moisture. He spreads abroad the cloud of his lightning.

Job 37:12 It is turned around by his guidance, that they may do whatever he commands them on the surface of the habitable world,

Job 37:13 Whether it is for correction, or for his land, or for loving kindness, that he causes it to come.

Job 37:14 "Listen to this, Job. Stand still, and consider the wondrous works of God.

Job 37:15 Do you know how God controls them, and causes the lightning of his cloud to shine?

Job 37:16 Do you know the workings of the clouds, the wondrous works of him who is perfect in knowledge?

Job 37:17 You whose clothing is warm, when the earth is still by reason of the south wind?

Job 37:18 Can you, with him, spread out the sky, which is strong as a cast metal mirror?

Job 37:19 Teach us what we shall tell him, for we can't make our case by reason of darkness.

Job 37:20 Shall it be told him that I would speak? Or should a man wish that he were swallowed up?

Job 37:21 Now men don't see the light which is bright in the skies, but the wind passes, and clears them.

Job 37:22 Out of the north comes golden splendor. With God is awesome majesty.

Job 37:23 We can't reach the Almighty. He is exalted in power. In justice and great righteousness, he will not oppress.

Job 37:24 Therefore men revere him. He doesn't regard any who are wise of heart."

Job 38:1 Then Yahweh answered Job out of the whirlwind,

Job 38:2 "Who is this who darkens counsel by words without knowledge?

Job 38:3 Brace yourself like a man, for I will question you, then you answer me!

Job 38:4 "Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Declare, if you have understanding.

Job 38:5 Who determined its measures, if you know? Or who stretched the line on it?

Job 38:6 Whereupon were its foundations fastened? Or who laid its cornerstone,

Job 38:7 when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Job 38:8 "Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth from the womb,

Job 38:9 when I made clouds its garment, and wrapped it in thick darkness,

Job 38:10 marked out for it my bound, set bars and doors,

Job 38:11 and said, 'Here you may come, but no further. Here your proud waves shall be stayed?'

Job 38:12 "Have you commanded the morning in your days, and caused the dawn to know its place;

Job 38:13 that it might take hold of the ends of the earth, and shake the wicked out of it?

Job 38:14 It is changed as clay under the seal, and stands forth as a garment.

Job 38:15 From the wicked, their light is withheld. The high arm is broken.

Job 38:16 "Have you entered into the springs of the sea? Or have you walked in the recesses of the deep?

Job 38:17 Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Or have you seen the gates of the shadow of death?

Job 38:18 Have you comprehended the earth in its breadth? Declare, if you know it all.

Job 38:19 "What is the way to the dwelling of light? As for darkness, where is its place,

Job 38:20 that you should take it to its bound, that you should discern the paths to its house?

Job 38:21 Surely you know, for you were born then, and the number of your days is great!

Job 38:22 Have you entered the treasuries of the snow, or have you seen the treasures of the hail,

Job 38:23 which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?

Job 38:24 By what way is the lightning distributed, or the east wind scattered on the earth?

Job 38:25 Who has cut a channel for the flood water, or the path for the thunderstorm;

Job 38:26 To cause it to rain on a land where no man is; on the wilderness, in which there is no man;

Job 38:27 to satisfy the waste and desolate ground, to cause the tender grass to spring forth?

Job 38:28 Does the rain have a father? Or who fathers the drops of dew?

Job 38:29 Out of whose womb came the ice? The gray frost of the sky, who has given birth to it?

Job 38:30 The waters become hard like stone, when the surface of the deep is frozen.

Job 38:31 "Can you bind the cluster of the Pleiades, or loosen the cords of Orion?

Job 38:32 Can you lead forth the constellations in their season? Or can you guide the Bear with her cubs?

Job 38:33 Do you know the laws of the heavens? Can you establish its dominion over the earth?

Job 38:34 "Can you lift up your voice to the clouds, That abundance of waters may cover you?

Job 38:35 Can you send forth lightnings, that they may go? Do they report to you, 'Here we are?'

Job 38:36 Who has put wisdom in the inward parts? Or who has given understanding to the mind?

Job 38:37 Who can number the clouds by wisdom? Or who can pour out the bottles of the sky,

Job 38:38 when the dust runs into a mass, and the clods of earth stick together?

Job 38:39 "Can you hunt the prey for the lioness, or satisfy the appetite of the young lions,

Job 38:40 when they crouch in their dens, and lie in wait in the thicket?

Job 38:41 Who provides for the raven his prey, when his young ones cry to God, and wander for lack of food?

Job 39:1 "Do you know the time when the mountain goats give birth? Do you watch when the doe bears fawns?

Job 39:2 Can you number the months that they fulfill? Or do you know the time when they give birth?

Job 39:3 They bow themselves, they bring forth their young, they end their labor pains.

Job 39:4 Their young ones become strong. They grow up in the open field. They go forth, and don't return again.

Job 39:5 "Who has set the wild donkey free? Or who has loosened the bonds of the swift donkey,

Job 39:6 Whose home I have made the wilderness, and the salt land his dwelling place?

Job 39:7 He scorns the tumult of the city, neither does he hear the shouting of the driver.

Job 39:8 The range of the mountains is his pasture, He searches after every green thing.

Job 39:9 "Will the wild ox be content to serve you? Or will he stay by your feeding trough?

Job 39:10 Can you hold the wild ox in the furrow with his harness? Or will he till the valleys after you?

Job 39:11 Will you trust him, because his strength is great? Or will you leave to him your labor?

Job 39:12 Will you confide in him, that he will bring home your seed, and gather the grain of your threshing floor?

Job 39:13 "The wings of the ostrich wave proudly; but are they the feathers and plumage of love?

Job 39:14 For she leaves her eggs on the earth, warms them in the dust,

Job 39:15 and forgets that the foot may crush them, or that the wild animal may trample them.

Job 39:16 She deals harshly with her young ones, as if they were not hers. Though her labor is in vain, she is without fear,

Job 39:17 because God has deprived her of wisdom, neither has he imparted to her understanding.

Job 39:18 When she lifts up herself on high, she scorns the horse and his rider.

Job 39:19 "Have you given the horse might? Have you clothed his neck with a quivering mane?

Job 39:20 Have you made him to leap as a locust? The glory of his snorting is awesome.

Job 39:21 He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength. He goes out to meet the armed men.

Job 39:22 He mocks at fear, and is not dismayed, neither does he turn back from the sword.

Job 39:23 The quiver rattles against him, the flashing spear and the javelin.

Job 39:24 He eats up the ground with fierceness and rage, neither does he stand still at the sound of the trumpet.

Job 39:25 As often as the trumpet sounds he snorts, 'Aha!' He smells the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.

Job 39:26 "Is it by your wisdom that the hawk soars, and stretches her wings toward the south?

Job 39:27 Is it at your command that the eagle mounts up, and makes his nest on high?

Job 39:28 On the cliff he dwells, and makes his home, on the point of the cliff, and the stronghold.

Job 39:29 From there he spies out the prey. His eyes see it afar off.

Job 39:30 His young ones also suck up blood. Where the slain are, there he is."

Job 40:1 Moreover Yahweh answered Job,

Job 40:2 "Shall he who argues contend with the Almighty? He who argues with God, let him answer it."

Job 40:3 Then Job answered Yahweh,

Job 40:4 "Behold, I am of small account. What shall I answer you? I lay my hand on my mouth.

Job 40:5 I have spoken once, and I will not answer; Yes, twice, but I will proceed no further."

Job 40:6 Then Yahweh answered Job out of the whirlwind,

Job 40:7 "Now brace yourself like a man. I will question you, and you will answer me.

Job 40:8 Will you even annul my judgment? Will you condemn me, that you may be justified?

Job 40:9 Or do you have an arm like God? Can you thunder with a voice like him?

Job 40:10 "Now deck yourself with excellency and dignity. Array yourself with honor and majesty.

Job 40:11 Pour out the fury of your anger. Look at everyone who is proud, and bring him low.

Job 40:12 Look at everyone who is proud, and humble him. Crush the wicked in their place.

Job 40:13 Hide them in the dust together. Bind their faces in the hidden place.

Job 40:14 Then I will also admit to you that your own right hand can save you.

Job 40:15 "See now, behemoth, which I made as well as you. He eats grass as an ox.

Job 40:16 Look now, his strength is in his thighs. His force is in the muscles of his belly.

Job 40:17 He moves his tail like a cedar. The sinews of his thighs are knit together.

Job 40:18 His bones are like tubes of brass. His limbs are like bars of iron.

Job 40:19 He is the chief of the ways of God. He who made him gives him his sword.

Job 40:20 Surely the mountains produce food for him, where all the animals of the field play.

Job 40:21 He lies under the lotus trees, in the covert of the reed, and the marsh.

Job 40:22 The lotuses cover him with their shade. The willows of the brook surround him.

Job 40:23 Behold, if a river overflows, he doesn't tremble. He is confident, though the Jordan swells even to his mouth.

Job 40:24 Shall any take him when he is on the watch, or pierce through his nose with a snare?

Job 41:1 "Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook, or press down his tongue with a cord?

Job 41:2 Can you put a rope into his nose, or pierce his jaw through with a hook?

Job 41:3 Will he make many petitions to you, or will he speak soft words to you?

Job 41:4 Will he make a covenant with you, that you should take him for a servant forever?

Job 41:5 Will you play with him as with a bird? Or will you bind him for your girls?

Job 41:6 Will traders barter for him? Will they part him among the merchants?

Job 41:7 Can you fill his skin with barbed irons, or his head with fish spears?

Job 41:8 Lay your hand on him. Remember the battle, and do so no more.

Job 41:9 Behold, the hope of him is in vain. Won't one be cast down even at the sight of him?

Job 41:10 None is so fierce that he dare stir him up. Who then is he who can stand before me?

Job 41:11 Who has first given to me, that I should repay him? Everything under the heavens is mine.

Job 41:12 "I will not keep silence concerning his limbs, nor his mighty strength, nor his goodly frame.

Job 41:13 Who can strip off his outer garment? Who shall come within his jaws?

Job 41:14 Who can open the doors of his face? Around his teeth is terror.

Job 41:15 Strong scales are his pride, shut up together with a close seal.

Job 41:16 One is so near to another, that no air can come between them.

Job 41:17 They are joined one to another. They stick together, so that they can't be pulled apart.

Job 41:18 His sneezing flashes out light. His eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.

Job 41:19 Out of his mouth go burning torches. Sparks of fire leap forth.

Job 41:20 Out of his nostrils a smoke goes, as of a boiling pot over a fire of reeds.

Job 41:21 His breath kindles coals. A flame goes forth from his mouth.

Job 41:22 There is strength in his neck. Terror dances before him.

Job 41:23 The flakes of his flesh are joined together. They are firm on him. They can't be moved.

Job 41:24 His heart is as firm as a stone, yes, firm as the lower millstone.

Job 41:25 When he raises himself up, the mighty are afraid. They retreat before his thrashing.

Job 41:26 If one attacks him with the sword, it can't prevail; nor the spear, the dart, nor the pointed shaft.

Job 41:27 He counts iron as straw; and brass as rotten wood.

Job 41:28 The arrow can't make him flee. Sling stones are like chaff to him.

Job 41:29 Clubs are counted as stubble. He laughs at the rushing of the javelin.

Job 41:30 His undersides are like sharp potsherds, leaving a trail in the mud like a threshing sledge.

Job 41:31 He makes the deep to boil like a pot. He makes the sea like a pot of ointment.

Job 41:32 He makes a path shine after him. One would think the deep had white hair.

Job 41:33 On earth there is not his equal, that is made without fear.

Job 41:34 He sees everything that is high. He is king over all the sons of pride."

Job 42:1 Then Job answered Yahweh,

Job 42:2 "I know that you can do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be restrained.

Job 42:3 You asked, 'Who is this who hides counsel without knowledge?' therefore I have uttered that which I did not understand, things too wonderful for me, which I didn't know.

Job 42:4 You said, 'Listen, now, and I will speak; I will question you, and you will answer me.'

Job 42:5 I had heard of you by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees you.

Job 42:6 Therefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes."

Job 42:7 It was so, that after Yahweh had spoken these words to Job, Yahweh said to Eliphaz the Temanite, "My wrath is kindled against you, and against your two friends; for you have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job has.

Job 42:8 Now therefore, take to yourselves seven bulls and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you, for I will accept him, that I not deal with you according to your folly. For you have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job has."

Job 42:9 So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went, and did what Yahweh commanded them, and Yahweh accepted Job.

Job 42:10 Yahweh turned the captivity of Job, when he prayed for his friends. Yahweh gave Job twice as much as he had before.

Job 42:11 Then came there to him all his brothers, and all his sisters, and all those who had been of his acquaintance before, and ate bread with him in his house. They comforted him, and consoled him concerning all the evil that Yahweh had brought on him. Everyone also gave him a piece of money, and everyone a ring of gold.

Job 42:12 So Yahweh blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning. He had fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, one thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand female donkeys.

Job 42:13 He had also seven sons and three daughters.

Job 42:14 He called the name of the first, Jemimah; and the name of the second, Keziah; and the name of the third, Keren Happuch.

Job 42:15 In all the land were no women found so beautiful as the daughters of Job. Their father gave them an inheritance among their brothers.

Job 42:16 After this Job lived one hundred forty years, and saw his sons, and his sons' sons, to four generations.

Job 42:17 So Job died, being old and full of days.



Aug. 24

Romans 5

Rom 5:1 Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ;

Rom 5:2 through whom we also have our access by faith into this grace in which we stand. We rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

Rom 5:3 Not only this, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering works perseverance;

Rom 5:4 and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope:

Rom 5:5 and hope doesn't disappoint us, because God's love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

Rom 5:6 For while we were yet weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly.

Rom 5:7 For one will hardly die for a righteous man. Yet perhaps for a righteous person someone would even dare to die.

Rom 5:8 But God commends his own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

Rom 5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we will be saved from God's wrath through him.

Rom 5:10 For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we will be saved by his life.

Rom 5:11 Not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

Rom 5:12 Therefore, as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin; and so death passed to all men, because all sinned.

Rom 5:13 For until the law, sin was in the world; but sin is not charged when there is no law.

Rom 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those whose sins weren't like Adam's disobedience, who is a foreshadowing of him who was to come.

Rom 5:15 But the free gift isn't like the trespass. For if by the trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.

Rom 5:16 The gift is not as through one who sinned: for the judgment came by one to condemnation, but the free gift came of many trespasses to justification.

Rom 5:17 For if by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one; so much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ.

Rom 5:18 So then as through one trespass, all men were condemned; even so through one act of righteousness, all men were justified to life.

Rom 5:19 For as through the one man's disobedience many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one, many will be made righteous.

Rom 5:20 The law came in besides, that the trespass might abound; but where sin abounded, grace abounded more exceedingly;

Rom 5:21 that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Aug. 25

Romans 6

Rom 6:1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?

Rom 6:2 May it never be! We who died to sin, how could we live in it any longer?

Rom 6:3 Or don't you know that all we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?

Rom 6:4 We were buried therefore with him through baptism to death, that just like Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life.

Rom 6:5 For if we have become united with him in the likeness of his death, we will also be part of his resurrection;

Rom 6:6 knowing this, that our old man was crucified with him, that the body of sin might be done away with, so that we would no longer be in bondage to sin.

Rom 6:7 For he who has died has been freed from sin.

Rom 6:8 But if we died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him;

Rom 6:9 knowing that Christ, being raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no more has dominion over him!

Rom 6:10 For the death that he died, he died to sin one time; but the life that he lives, he lives to God.

Rom 6:11 Thus consider yourselves also to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Rom 6:12 Therefore don't let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts.

Rom 6:13 Neither present your members to sin as instruments of unrighteousness, but present yourselves to God, as alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God.

Rom 6:14 For sin will not have dominion over you. For you are not under law, but under grace.

Rom 6:15 What then? Shall we sin, because we are not under law, but under grace? May it never be!

Rom 6:16 Don't you know that to whom you present yourselves as servants to obedience, his servants you are whom you obey; whether of sin to death, or of obedience to righteousness?

Rom 6:17 But thanks be to God, that, whereas you were bondservants of sin, you became obedient from the heart to that form of teaching whereunto you were delivered.

Rom 6:18 Being made free from sin, you became bondservants of righteousness.

Rom 6:19 I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh, for as you presented your members as servants to uncleanness and to wickedness upon wickedness, even so now present your members as servants to righteousness for sanctification.

Rom 6:20 For when you were servants of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness.

Rom 6:21 What fruit then did you have at that time in the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death.

Rom 6:22 But now, being made free from sin, and having become servants of God, you have your fruit of sanctification, and the result of eternal life.

Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.