"THE SECOND EPISTLE TO TIMOTHY"
Death, Life, And Immortality (1:10) INTRODUCTION 1. In Paul's last epistle, written shortly before his death, Timothy is encouraged to remain steadfast and not be ashamed of the gospel - 2Ti 1:8-12 2. In his words are things that have been of interest throughout the history of mankind... a. Death, life, and immortality b. Upon which the appearing of Jesus Christ has made great impact - 2Ti 1:10 [What the coming of Jesus has done in regards to death, life, and immortality should be of interest to all who have ever contemplated them. Let's examine what Christ has indeed done, beginning with death...] I. JESUS CHRIST HAS ABOLISHED DEATH A. WHICH KIND OF DEATH HAS JESUS ABOLISHED...? 1. There is physical death a. Which occurs when the spirit and body are separated - cf. Ja 2:26 b. Which began when Adam and Eve lost access to the tree of life - Gen 3:22-24 2. There is spiritual death a. Which occurs when the spirit and God are separated
- cf. Isa 59:1-2 b. Which happens because of sin - Ro 6:23 B. JESUS HAS ABOLISHED SPIRITUAL DEATH... 1. Through His death on the cross! - Ro 5:6-10 a. Providing justification (freedom from guilt) b. Providing reconciliation (bringing us back to God) 2. When one accepts the gift of Christ's death, spiritual death is abolished! - 2Co 5:18-6:2 a. The gospel is a ministry of reconciliation b. God was in Christ seeking to reconcile man back to Him c. To be reconciled, we must receive the grace of God C. JESUS WILL ABOLISH PHYSICAL DEATH... 1. Again, through His death on the cross - He 2:14-15 a. Through death He overcame the one who the power of death b. Through death He released us from the bondage of death c. Thus Christians need not fear death - e.g., Php 1:19-23 2. But also through His resurrection - Ac 2:23-24; 1Co 15:20-26 a. God loosed the "pains of death" to raise up Jesus; but Christ is only the beginning b. When He comes again, He will totally abolish death! - cf. 1Co 15:50-58 [Spiritual death is abolished when one turns to the Lord. Physical death will be abolished when the Lord returns and raises the dead. This leads naturally to our next point for consideration...] II. JESUS CHRIST HAS BROUGHT LIFE AND IMMORTALITY TO LIGHT A. IS "LIFE AND IMMORTALITY" A HENDIADYS...? 1. Definition of 'hendiadys' (No, not some cross between a chicken and insect
) a. Literally, "one through two" b. "the expression of an idea by the use of usually two independent words connected by and (as nice and warm) instead of the usual combination of independent word and its modifier (as nicely warm)" - Merriam-Webster 2. If so, then "life and immortality" means "immortal life" 3. No way to be sure, so we'll look at both nouns separately B. JESUS HAS BROUGHT LIFE TO LIGHT... 1. This pertains to the "eternal life" or "abundant life", not simply existence - Jn 10:10 2. Jesus has shed light on eternal life as a present possession a. The relationship one can have with the Father and the Son - Jn 17:1-3 b. A quality of life that one can enjoy even in this life - 1Jn 5:11-13,20 3. Jesus has shed light on eternal life as a future hope a. A promise of an existence we have yet to receive - Tit 1:2 b. A gift to receive at the end, following the Judgment
- Ro 6: 22-23; Mt 25:46 C. JESUS HAS BROUGHT IMMORTALITY TO LIGHT... 1. The word immortality (aphtharsia) means "incorruption, perpetuity" - Thayer 2. The Scriptures use the word (or its adjective, aphthartos) to describe: a. God - Ro 1:23; 1Ti 1:17 b. The Word of God - 1Pe 1:23 c. Our inheritance in heaven - 1Pe 1:4 d. A meek and quiet spirit, metaphorically spoken of as incorruptible apparel - 1Pe 3:4 3. It is also used to describe the resurrected body of the righteous - 1Co 15:50-54 a. Pagan philosophers frequently applied it to soul, but never to the body b. This is a 'mystery' the gospel brings to 'light', that one day our souls will be given incorruptible bodies (i.e., put on immortality) c. This will occur at the resurrection, when Jesus completely abolishes death! CONCLUSION 1. The truth about death, life, and immortality has been brought to light through the gospel - 2Ti 1:10 2. Jesus wanted this 'gospel' (good news) proclaimed to every one - cf. Mk 16:15 a. That all might benefit from the blessings available through His death, resurrection and return! b. A new life in Christ now, no longer experiencing spiritual death c. A strong hope in the life to come, overcoming physical death through immortal bodies Have you responded to the gospel of Christ in order to receive these benefits both present and future...? - cf. Mk 16:16; Ac 2:38; Ro 6:3-8