Forgiveness of sinThe following are some thoughts I had while answering a Bible Question I received in an email recently.
in Old & New Testament!
Subject: Forgiveness of sins in the Old Testament
Question: Recently, there was a heated discussion in our congregation between two long time preachers over forgiveness of sin in the Old Testament. One of them held to the "sins being rolled forward" view and the other saying that sins were forgiven at that time. I am currently studying the matter and would appreciate any material that you would be willing to share with me.
Thanks a lot!!!!
Dear Bible Student,
I scanned through some of the material you sent regarding your question and it appears that you have a very good collection of views.
I am sure that there are many thoughts and arguments supporting the different views.
Let me start by saying this should not become a point of fellowship in the church.
If that ends up being the case then I think that those maintaining their different views should really consider the scriptures with a new and clear mind.
All scripture should be approached with an open mind and pure heart.
Context! Context! Context!
Is the first item of consideration.
Now what are my thoughts?
Below I will outline my thinking as best I can to keep it simple.
I am a simple person and try not to think too deeply these days. ;-)
1. God is eternal.
2. Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit are eternal and are 100% God as is the Father.
3. God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit created time and all that it includes (Gen 1:1ff).
4. Man was created in time.
5. Created man is limited in time.
6. Since the fall of man his days have been numbered.
7. God has an Eternal Purpose and Plan to redeem man from the consequence of the fall.
8. God has been and continues to work out His plan of redemption in time for each generation.
9. This working will continue until Jesus comes again and there is the resurrection.
(1 Cor.15, 1Thes.4:13f)
10. ALL forgiveness of sins is based upon the “death burial and resurrection” (DBR) of Jesus in the fullness of time
11. From the beginning of time God has required faithfulness.
12 All of mankind is and has been saves by Grace through Faith.
13. Mankind can only view time and has a hard time understanding eternity.
We try to describe it in time terms but are limited.
14. In time all are saved by Grace through Faith whether before or after the DBR of Jesus Christ.
15. Jesus was and is eternal and became flesh in time to redeem mankind.
16. All was/is in the eternal knowledge of God who knew and worked it out in time.
17. In eternity God saw and knew all of time for He created time, beginning to end.
18. So man before the Cross had faith and it was commended as righteous.
19. Man after the Cross has faith and it is commended as righteous.
20. Mankind thinks in linear terms limited by time.
Therefore to understand we use the terms before and after the Cross, the event in History/Time (Gal.4:4)
Man tries to put the event of the (DBR) in human terms limited to time and thus we say, rolled forward or back.
21. God is not limited to time so in the mind of the eternal God Sins are forgiven in Eternity based upon faith.
22. Faith, Hope and Love are great motives/attributes but only Love is eternal for God is Love.
23. When time is no more Faith and Hope will be realized and only the Love of God will be.
1. Sins are forgiven based upon the (DBR) of Jesus Christ.
The (DBR) is shared through the preaching of the Gospel, the Good News.
(Rom.1:8-17, Eph.1:2-2:22) (Gal.3:1-4:7)
2. Is the forgiveness of sins before the Cross "rolled forward" or "rolled back" after the Cross?
No! Sins are forgiven in eternity based upon God's Grace through our faith provided in the redemption God provides in the (DBR) of Jesus Christ.
3. Those back to Adam forward are found righteous based upon God's Righteousness provided though Jesus Christ.
4. Nothing rolled back and nothing rolled forward. All faith is based upon the eternal sacrifice of Jesus Christ. (Acts 2:22f)
5. Biblically based faith is a saving faith that requires obedience.
(John 3:36, Rom.1:1-7, 8-17, 16:25-27, 2Thes.1:3-12) There are many more scriptures.
6. Final thought in Hebrews chapters 8-10.
I think the KEY word to consider is ETERNAL.
All the offerings of the OT were merely a shadow of the substance which was Christ our ETERNAL sacrifice.
All was by Gods plan in eternity and carried out in time.
The "Shadow" was a focus on the flesh/material (time bound) the "Substance"
is the Spiritual/Eternal not bound by or limited in time.
Understanding the eternal nature of God is the main point.
One must see it clearly, the eternal, spiritual nature of God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit to understand the full application of the scriptures both OT and NT.
I think those who fail to see the full nature of God tend to have conflict in the application of many scriptures to life. Thus they limit God and His eternal power to forgive in time and eternity.
Thoughts by EEHealy
Satan and the kings Of Tyre and Babylon
Ezekiel 28:11-17 is commonly thought to tell us quite a bit about Satan's beginnings. This section is a piece out of the heart of chapters 26-28 that are expressly said to be about the king (kingdom) of Tyre . Everyone accepts that the section is about the king of Tyre but then we hear that it is only “primarily” or “immediately” about the king of Tyre . The reason we know it's about the king of Tyre is because we are expressly told this and because we can't read chapters 26—28 without drawing that conclusion.
The reason some say it is “primarily” about the king of Tyre but “also” about Satan is because there are elements in the oracles that weren't literally true of Tyre . The satanic elements in particular are supposed to be in 28:11-17.
The word of the Lord came to me: Son of man, take up a lament concerning the king of Tyre and say to him: This is what the Sovereign Lord says: You were the model of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. You were in Eden , the garden of God ; every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz and emerald...Your settings and mountings were made of gold; on the day you were created they were prepared. You were anointed as a guardian cherub, for so I ordained you. You were on the holy mount of God; you walked among the fiery stones. You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created till wickedness was found in you. Through your widespread trade you were filed with violence, and you sinned. So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God, and I expelled you, O guardian cherub, from among the fiery stones. Your heart became proud on account of your beauty, and you corrupted your wisdom because of your splendor. So I threw you to earth; I made a spectacle of you before kings.
The one addressed is said to have been “the model of perfection” and to have been “in the Garden of Eden” and “anointed as a guardian cherub” and to have been “blameless in your ways from the day you were created till wickedness was found in you”. The king of Tyre wasn't in the Garden of Eden nor was he an anointed cherub so, we're told, it must be Satan that's spoken of in these phrases.
But if the king of Tyre wasn't in the Garden of Eden, neither was Satan walking on mount Sinai and cast forth from there (28:14,16). The “anointed guardian cherub” can't refer to the Garden of Eden; it more probably refers to the Tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant at mount Sinai. And even if the anointed cherub is to be located in Eden , there's nothing in the Genesis account that makes Satan a guardian cherub. There are cherubim (plural) mentioned in 3:24 but it isn't clear that they were in the garden and they certainly can't be identified as Satan. We need to note that the “anointed cherub” was driven from the “mount of God” in disgrace (Ezekiel 28:16) and not from the Garden of Eden.
It's so much simpler to allow the whole section (26-28) to stand together as a description of the grandeur of the Tyrian kingdom, its fall and the reasons for its fall. It's described as the foremost trading nation of the world, a renowned city and an about-to-be destroyed city (chapter 26). She sees herself as a rare beauty in chapter 27 and is described as a beautiful sailing ship with timbers, masts, decks and sails from around the world and sailed by mariners from all nations. Her pride is bursting out and though it is a human kingdom it deifies itself (28:1-2). “Will you then say, ‘I am a god,' in the presence of those who kill you? You will be but a man, not a god.” (28:9)
Tyre is then described as privileged among the nations. She's been to Eden and to the holy mount where she walked among the stones of fire on that blazing mountain (as Moses did). She is said to be adorned with precious stones (as the High Priest was) and is likened to the cherubim that stood guard in and at the entrance to the Holy of Holies (on the curtain and over the Ark of the Covenant). It doesn't matter that this wasn't literally true of the Tyrian king (who represents the city-kingdom) because it wasn't literally true of Satan either. This description is no more to be taken literally than the description of Tyre as a beautiful sailing ship in chapter 26.
God exalted Tyre , gave her glory, profound privilege and breath-taking success. Instead of thanking him for all of it she fell in love with herself and thought it was all of her own making. Like Adam, the Tyrian king did fine until he thought he'd make a great god and acted as though he could be and was truly independent of God. This kind of “over the top” description of glory is not unusual in the prophets. Note how the authority of Nebuchadnezzar is described in Daniel 2:37-38. It echoes the language of Genesis 1:26-27 and Adam's authority.
If despite the obvious difficulties, people still insist in finding Satan in this section I don't suppose it matters a whole lot. The trouble is that a whole theology of Satan is built around such flimsy textual work and before you know it all kinds of (often outrageous) assertions make their appearance “supported” by such misused texts.
A similar treatment is given Isaiah 13—14. Some tell us that 14:12 speaks of the nature and fall of Satan but we're expressly told the oracle is against the king (kingdom) of Babylon (13:1 and 14:3). 14:12 is singled out as Satan even though the text expressly tells us it is dealing with human arrogance ("Is this the man who shook the earth…the man who made the world a desert?"—14:16-17). The text (14:12-14) says this:
How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! You said in your heart, 'I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. I will ascend to the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.' "
The pride of Nebuchadnezzar is well known from Daniel and the defeat of the Lord's people is seen as a victory over God (compare the Assyrian boast in Isaiah 36:18-20 and 37:24) so there's nothing strange in these chapters. A mere reading of them shows us that this is no literal description of anyone, much less Satan.
This section also reminds us that biblical poets paint pictures that have no biographical or historical information in them. Read for yourself how everyone and everything derides Babylon, "the jewel of the kingdoms" (13:19). The forests of Lebanon, stripped bare to make engines of war, mock Babylon and kings, who were assigned to oblivion by the pride-filled Babylonians rise to meet and mock the king as he enters the gloomy halls of the underworld. Now, no longer dressed in gold and purple, the mattresses of his bed will be maggots and his blankets will be worms. "Is this the man who shook the earth?" the residents ask in mock astonishment and with obvious relish at the shabby appearance of the once proud king (see all this in 14:3-17). Central to this whole section (and in Ezekiel) is pride and arrogance. Compare 13:11,19 and 14:13-14 and the spirit of mockery throughout the piece.
Despite all this and the obvious purpose of the oracle Isaiah 14:12 is isolated and used as biographical material about Satan's fall and it's linked with Luke 10:18 in which Jesus says, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven." It is sometimes linked also with Revelation 12:9 which tells us that the serpent or dragon was defeated by Michael and cast down to the earth. It's this simple linking together of passages without really dealing with them that's so objectionable about this whole procedure.
This Isaiah text is said to refer to Satan's original fall (sometime in pre-history) but that won't work because the passage itself tells us that "the fall" happens to one who "once laid low the nations". This won't work for a pre-history use of the text because it has to occur after the one who is cast down "laid low the nations"; it can't refer to a time when there were no nations to be cast down. No, the one cast down is the pride-filled Babylonian who cast down many nations. The text expressly says so and the rest of the language bears that out.
To say, as I've heard people say, "Yes, but that phrase doesn't apply to Satan; that's the king of Babylon," illustrates the overall point I'm making. To get Satan out of these texts one phrase is taken and the very next explanatory phrase is rejected. If we're allowed this approach we could (almost literally) prove anything from scripture.
The fall of Satan in Luke 10:18 is specifically linked by Christ with the success of the mission of his disciples on which he had only recently sent them so it has nothing to do with a pre-history fall and punishment of Satan. We shouldn't go to that text and say, "See, before human history Satan fell like lightning from heaven?" Luke 10:18 is nowhere connected with actual pre-history.
And in Revelation 12:9 the apocalyptic picture is set after the birth of Jesus Christ and his ascension so, even assuming Isaiah 14:12 speaks of a satanic fall in pre-human history, the Isaiah text and the Revelation text are speaking of two different occasions.
And note that the sin specified Isaiah 14:13 is seen as earth seeking the heavens. It's a human claiming divinity (14:16-17), "Is this the man who shook the earth...the man who made the world a desert...?" In light of this we're told, "Ah, yes, but that bit doesn't refer to Satan." Indeed!
Isaiah 13—14 is an oracle against pride-filled Babylon whose spirit is well characterized in Nebuchadnezzar's arrogant boast, "Is not this the great Babylon I have built…by my mighty power and for the glory of my majesty?" See Daniel 4:30 and see Isaiah 47 with its tripled arrogance, "I will continue forever—the eternal queen," (47:7) "I am, and there is none besides me. I will never be a widow," (47:8) "I am, and there is none besides me." (47:10) We're dealing with a human kingdom and with all too-human rulers. We would do well to pay special attention to Daniel 2:37-38 which echoes the dominion speech of Genesis 1:28. As Adam was given dominion and sought sinful independence so Nebuchadnezzar was given dominion and recapitulated the Adamic sin of dismissing God and acting as a god to rival God. The whole of Daniel 4 is God's threat against pride and arrogance and Isaiah 13—14 adds to the picture.
Now it's perfectly acceptable to say that a passage like Isaiah 13-14 has a message for arrogance and pride wherever and in whomever it shows itself. But it is foolishness to take a text and say it directly speaks to a specific someone when it clearly doesn't. This undermines our credibility as biblical students who let the scriptures speak to us rather than telling the Bible what to say.
©2004 Jim McGuiggan. All materials are free to be copied and used as long as money is not being made.
Many thanks to brother Ed Healy, for allowing me to post from his website, theabidingword.com.
An Imperialistic Church?
|by||Brad Bromling, D.Min.|
The ecumenical goal of uniting humanity sounds honorable. Surely all who profess faith in Jesus Christ want to see the unity for which He prayed realized on Earth (see John 17). So, how is that unity attained? Not upon a common faith in Christ, according to Letty Russell, a professor of theology at Yale. She has written:
When we universalize the Christian story of God in Jesus Christ as the only message of salvation for all people, we deny the power of God to work through all the poor and through all creation. To universalize our very concrete and particular faith is a form of imperialism over people of other faiths and ideologies (1993, p. 130).
To Russell, the Christian message is fine for Christians, but it is not the only way to approach God (1993, p. 129). This view is not uncommon. Society says: “Don’t judge!” And we cringe. We remember that it was our Master who spoke those words; so we feel ashamed when we are accused of judging. However, before we allow ourselves to be shamed into abandoning our faith in the Christian system, let us do some serious reflection.
Jesus taught that trees are known by their fruit, and that “righteous judgment” is a Christian responsibility (Matthew 7:15-20; John 7:24). He also said: “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me” (John 14:6). Lines must be drawn. Judgments must be made. Is Christianity, then, imperialism? In a sense it is. As envoys of King Jesus, Christians are calling people out of “the power of darkness” into the “kingdom” of God’s Son (Colossians 1:13). Unity attained by alliances that overlook the kingdom is spiritual treason.
Russell, Letty M. (1993), The Church in the Round (Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press).
"THE GOSPEL OF MARK" Jesus Predicts Peter's Denial (14:27-31) INTRODUCTION 1. How well do we know ourselves...? a. Confident that our faith is strong? b. Certain that we would never deny our Lord? 2. In our text (Mk 14:27-31) we find examples of over-confidence... a. Not just in Peter who denied the Lord b. But in all the apostles who stumbled and fled [Let’s begin with a reading of our text, with the Lord and His disciples having just completed the Last Supper and on their way to the Mount of Olives...] I. NARRATIVE A. DESERTION AND REUNION FORETOLD... 1. Jesus speaks of desertion by His disciples - Mk 14:27 2. As foretold by Zechariah - cf. Zec 13:7 3. But also of His resurrection and reunion in Galilee - Mk 14:28; cf. Mk 16:7 B. PETER’S DENIAL FORETOLD... 1. Peter asserts that even if all others stumble, not him! - Mk 14:29 2. Jesus tells Peter that he will deny Him three times that night - Mk 14:30 3. Peter angrily disagrees, even if it means death - Mk 14:31 4. The rest of the disciples all say the same thing - Mk 14:31 [Jesus’ prediction soon came true (Mk 14:50,66-72). What would we have done if we were one of Jesus’ disciples at that time? Before answering too quickly, consider a few lessons from the text...] II. APPLICATION A. THE LIMITS OF SELF-KNOWLEDGE... 1. How well do we really know ourselves? a. The disciples seem so certain in their faithfulness b. Yet they all stumbled and Peter denied the Lord, just as He said c. Like Hazael, they really did not know their true selves - cf. 2Ki 8:12-13 d. Indeed, can any of us know our true selves? - cf. Jer 17:9 2. Then what can we do? a. Acknowledge that only God truly knows us - cf. Jer 17:10; Ps 139:1-16; He 4:13 b. Look to the Word of God to see ourselves as we really are - He 4:12 c. Look to God in prayer for help - Ps 19:12; 139:23-24; e.g., 2Th 3:5 B. BEWARE OF COMFORT MISSED BY SELFISHNESS... 1. Notice how the disciples ignored Jesus’ words of comfort a. He spoke plainly of His resurrection - Mk 14:28 b. Yet they focused on defending themselves - Mk 14:29-31 2. Might we be guilty of the same? a. We have been given many comforting words - e.g., Ro 8:31-39 b. We can enjoy comfort from both God and one another - cf. 2Co 1:3-4 c. But we can overlook such comfort when focused on selfish concerns! C. BE CAREFUL OF PROUD ASSERTIONS... 1. Notice the self-confidence of the disciples a. Peter angrily stating that he would die before denying the Lord - Mk 14:29-31 b. The rest of the disciples said likewise - Mk 14:31 2. Might we be guilty of the same? a. Quick to boast of our faithfulness to the Lord or His church? b. Remember the wisdom of Solomon about pride and a haughty spirit - Pr 16:18 CONCLUSION 1. As disciples of Jesus Christ, let us learn... a. From His first disciples b. From those who were even His apostles 2. What can we learn...? a. The limits of self-knowledge b. The danger of missing comfort due to selfishness c. The need to be careful of proud assertions We can also learn of our Lord’s grace and mercy, for He was quick to forgive those who denied Him and fled away. So He will do for us when we stumble, if we are willing to repent and return to Him...!
January 24, 25
The World English Bible
Gen 24:1 Abraham was old, and well stricken in age. Yahweh had blessed Abraham in all things.
Gen 24:2 Abraham said to his servant, the elder of his house, who ruled over all that he had, "Please put your hand under my thigh.
Gen 24:3 I will make you swear by Yahweh, the God of heaven and the God of the earth, that you shall not take a wife for my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I live.
Gen 24:4 But you shall go to my country, and to my relatives, and take a wife for my son Isaac."
Gen 24:5 The servant said to him, "What if the woman isn't willing to follow me to this land? Must I bring your son again to the land you came from?"
Gen 24:6 Abraham said to him, "Beware that you don't bring my son there again.
Gen 24:7 Yahweh, the God of heaven, who took me from my father's house, and from the land of my birth, who spoke to me, and who swore to me, saying, 'I will give this land to your seed.' He will send his angel before you, and you shall take a wife for my son from there.
Gen 24:8 If the woman isn't willing to follow you, then you shall be clear from this my oath. Only you shall not bring my son there again."
Gen 24:9 The servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master, and swore to him concerning this matter.
Gen 24:10 The servant took ten camels, of his master's camels, and departed, having a variety of good things of his master's with him. He arose, and went to Mesopotamia, to the city of Nahor.
Gen 24:11 He made the camels kneel down outside the city by the well of water at the time of evening, the time that women go out to draw water.
Gen 24:12 He said, "Yahweh, the God of my master Abraham, please give me success this day, and show kindness to my master Abraham.
Gen 24:13 Behold, I am standing by the spring of water. The daughters of the men of the city are coming out to draw water.
Gen 24:14 Let it happen, that the young lady to whom I will say, 'Please let down your pitcher, that I may drink,' and she will say, 'Drink, and I will also give your camels a drink,'--let her be the one you have appointed for your servant Isaac. By this I will know that you have shown kindness to my master."
Gen 24:15 It happened, before he had finished speaking, that behold, Rebekah came out, who was born to Bethuel the son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham's brother, with her pitcher on her shoulder.
Gen 24:16 The young lady was very beautiful to look at, a virgin, neither had any man known her. She went down to the spring, filled her pitcher, and came up.
Gen 24:17 The servant ran to meet her, and said, "Please give me a drink, a little water from your pitcher."
Gen 24:18 She said, "Drink, my lord." She hurried, and let down her pitcher on her hand, and gave him drink.
Gen 24:19 When she had done giving him drink, she said, "I will also draw for your camels, until they have done drinking."
Gen 24:20 She hurried, and emptied her pitcher into the trough, and ran again to the well to draw, and drew for all his camels.
Gen 24:21 The man looked steadfastly at her, remaining silent, to know whether Yahweh had made his journey prosperous or not.
Gen 24:22 It happened, as the camels had done drinking, that the man took a golden ring of half a shekel weight, and two bracelets for her hands of ten shekels weight of gold,
Gen 24:23 and said, "Whose daughter are you? Please tell me. Is there room in your father's house for us to lodge in?"
Gen 24:24 She said to him, "I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom she bore to Nahor."
Gen 24:25 She said moreover to him, "We have both straw and provender enough, and room to lodge in."
Gen 24:26 The man bowed his head, and worshiped Yahweh.
Gen 24:27 He said, "Blessed be Yahweh, the God of my master Abraham, who has not forsaken his loving kindness and his truth toward my master. As for me, Yahweh has led me in the way to the house of my master's relatives."
Gen 24:28 The young lady ran, and told her mother's house about these words.
Gen 24:29 Rebekah had a brother, and his name was Laban. Laban ran out to the man, to the spring.
Gen 24:30 It happened, when he saw the ring, and the bracelets on his sister's hands, and when he heard the words of Rebekah his sister, saying, "This is what the man said to me," that he came to the man. Behold, he was standing by the camels at the spring.
Gen 24:31 He said, "Come in, you blessed of Yahweh. Why do you stand outside? For I have prepared the house, and room for the camels."
Gen 24:32 The man came into the house, and he unloaded the camels. He gave straw and provender for the camels, and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him.
Gen 24:33 Food was set before him to eat, but he said, "I will not eat until I have told my message." He said, "Speak on."
Gen 24:34 He said, "I am Abraham's servant.
Gen 24:35 Yahweh has blessed my master greatly. He has become great. He has given him flocks and herds, silver and gold, male servants and female servants, and camels and donkeys.
Gen 24:36 Sarah, my master's wife, bore a son to my master when she was old. He has given all that he has to him.
Gen 24:37 My master made me swear, saying, 'You shall not take a wife for my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, in whose land I live,
Gen 24:38 but you shall go to my father's house, and to my relatives, and take a wife for my son.'
Gen 24:39 I said to my master, 'What if the woman will not follow me?'
Gen 24:40 He said to me, 'Yahweh, before whom I walk, will send his angel with you, and prosper your way. You shall take a wife for my son of my relatives, and of my father's house.
Gen 24:41 Then will you be clear from my oath, when you come to my relatives. If they don't give her to you, you shall be clear from my oath.'
Gen 24:42 I came this day to the spring, and said, 'Yahweh, the God of my master Abraham, if now you do prosper my way which I go--
Gen 24:43 behold, I am standing by this spring of water. Let it happen, that the maiden who comes forth to draw, to whom I will say, "Give me, I pray you, a little water from your pitcher to drink,"
Gen 24:44 and she will tell me, "Drink, and I will also draw for your camels,"--let her be the woman whom Yahweh has appointed for my master's son.'
Gen 24:45 Before I had done speaking in my heart, behold, Rebekah came forth with her pitcher on her shoulder. She went down to the spring, and drew. I said to her, 'Please let me drink.'
Gen 24:46 She hurried and let down her pitcher from her shoulder, and said, 'Drink, and I will also give your camels a drink.' So I drank, and she made the camels drink also.
Gen 24:47 I asked her, and said, 'Whose daughter are you?' She said, 'The daughter of Bethuel, Nahor's son, whom Milcah bore to him.' I put the ring on her nose, and the bracelets on her hands.
Gen 24:48 I bowed my head, and worshiped Yahweh, and blessed Yahweh, the God of my master Abraham, who had led me in the right way to take my master's brother's daughter for his son.
Gen 24:49 Now if you will deal kindly and truly with my master, tell me. If not, tell me, that I may turn to the right hand, or to the left."
Gen 24:50 Then Laban and Bethuel answered, "The thing proceeds from Yahweh. We can't speak to you bad or good.
Gen 24:51 Behold, Rebekah is before you. Take her, and go, and let her be your master's son's wife, as Yahweh has spoken."
Gen 24:52 It happened that when Abraham's servant heard their words, he bowed himself down to the earth to Yahweh.
Gen 24:53 The servant brought forth jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and clothing, and gave them to Rebekah. He also gave precious things to her brother and her mother.
Gen 24:54 They ate and drank, he and the men who were with him, and stayed all night. They rose up in the morning, and he said, "Send me away to my master."
Gen 24:55 Her brother and her mother said, "Let the young lady stay with us a few days, at least ten. After that she will go."
Gen 24:56 He said to them, "Don't hinder me, seeing Yahweh has prospered my way. Send me away that I may go to my master."
Gen 24:57 They said, "We will call the young lady, and ask her."
Gen 24:58 They called Rebekah, and said to her, "Will you go with this man?" She said, "I will go."
Gen 24:59 They sent away Rebekah, their sister, with her nurse, Abraham's servant, and his men.
Gen 24:60 They blessed Rebekah, and said to her, "Our sister, may you be the mother of thousands of ten thousands, and let your seed possess the gate of those who hate them."
Gen 24:61 Rebekah arose with her ladies. They rode on the camels, and followed the man. The servant took Rebekah, and went his way.
Gen 24:62 Isaac came from the way of Beer Lahai Roi, for he lived in the land of the South.
Gen 24:63 Isaac went out to meditate in the field at the evening. He lifted up his eyes, and saw, and, behold, there were camels coming.
Gen 24:64 Rebekah lifted up her eyes, and when she saw Isaac, she dismounted from the camel.
Gen 24:65 She said to the servant, "Who is the man who is walking in the field to meet us?" The servant said, "It is my master." She took her veil, and covered herself.
Gen 24:66 The servant told Isaac all the things that he had done.
Gen 24:67 Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah's tent, and took Rebekah, and she became his wife. He loved her. Isaac was comforted after his mother's death.
Gen 25:1 Abraham took another wife, and her name was Keturah.
Gen 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.
Gen 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba, and Dedan. The sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim.
Gen 25:4 The sons of Midian: Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah.
Gen 25:5 Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac,
Gen 25:6 but to the sons of Abraham's concubines, Abraham gave gifts. He sent them away from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, eastward, to the east country.
Gen 25:7 These are the days of the years of Abraham's life which he lived: one hundred seventy-five years.
Gen 25:8 Abraham gave up the spirit, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years, and was gathered to his people.
Gen 25:9 Isaac and Ishmael, his sons, buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron, the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre,
Gen 25:10 the field which Abraham purchased of the children of Heth. Abraham was buried there with Sarah, his wife.
Gen 25:11 It happened after the death of Abraham that God blessed Isaac, his son. Isaac lived by Beer Lahai Roi.
Gen 25:12 Now this is the history of the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, bore to Abraham.
Gen 25:13 These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to the order of their birth: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,
Gen 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa,
Gen 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.
Gen 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments: twelve princes, according to their nations.
Gen 25:17 These are the years of the life of Ishmael: one hundred thirty-seven years. He gave up the spirit and died, and was gathered to his people.
Gen 25:18 They lived from Havilah to Shur that is before Egypt, as you go toward Assyria. He lived opposite all his relatives.
Gen 25:19 This is the history of the generations of Isaac, Abraham's son. Abraham became the father of Isaac.
Gen 25:20 Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Paddan Aram, the sister of Laban the Syrian, to be his wife.
Gen 25:21 Isaac entreated Yahweh for his wife, because she was barren. Yahweh was entreated by him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
Gen 25:22 The children struggled together within her. She said, "If it be so, why do I live?" She went to inquire of Yahweh.
Gen 25:23 Yahweh said to her, Two nations are in your womb. Two peoples will be separated from your body. The one people will be stronger than the other people. The elder will serve the younger.
Gen 25:24 When her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb.
Gen 25:25 The first came out red all over, like a hairy garment. They named him Esau.
Gen 25:26 After that, his brother came out, and his hand had hold on Esau's heel. He was named Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them.
Gen 25:27 The boys grew. Esau was a skillful hunter, a man of the field. Jacob was a quiet man, living in tents.
Gen 25:28 Now Isaac loved Esau, because he ate his venison. Rebekah loved Jacob.
Gen 25:29 Jacob boiled stew. Esau came in from the field, and he was famished.
Gen 25:30 Esau said to Jacob, "Please feed me with that same red stew, for I am famished." Therefore his name was called Edom.
Gen 25:31 Jacob said, "First, sell me your birthright."
Gen 25:32 Esau said, "Behold, I am about to die. What good is the birthright to me?"
Gen 25:33 Jacob said, "Swear to me first." He swore to him. He sold his birthright to Jacob.
Gen 25:34 Jacob gave Esau bread and stew of lentils. He ate and drank, rose up, and went his way. So Esau despised his birthright.
Jan. 25, 26
Mat 13:1 On that day Jesus went out of the house, and sat by the seaside.
Mat 13:2 Great multitudes gathered to him, so that he entered into a boat, and sat, and all the multitude stood on the beach.
Mat 13:3 He spoke to them many things in parables, saying, "Behold, a farmer went out to sow.
Mat 13:4 As he sowed, some seeds fell by the roadside, and the birds came and devoured them.
Mat 13:5 Others fell on rocky ground, where they didn't have much soil, and immediately they sprang up, because they had no depth of earth.
Mat 13:6 When the sun had risen, they were scorched. Because they had no root, they withered away.
Mat 13:7 Others fell among thorns. The thorns grew up and choked them.
Mat 13:8 Others fell on good soil, and yielded fruit: some one hundred times as much, some sixty, and some thirty.
Mat 13:9 He who has ears to hear, let him hear."
Mat 13:10 The disciples came, and said to him, "Why do you speak to them in parables?"
Mat 13:11 He answered them, "To you it is given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven, but it is not given to them.
Mat 13:12 For whoever has, to him will be given, and he will have abundance, but whoever doesn't have, from him will be taken away even that which he has.
Mat 13:13 Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they don't see, and hearing, they don't hear, neither do they understand.
Mat 13:14 In them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says, 'By hearing you will hear, and will in no way understand; Seeing you will see, and will in no way perceive:
Mat 13:15 for this people's heart has grown callous, their ears are dull of hearing, they have closed their eyes; or else perhaps they might perceive with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their heart, and should turn again; and I would heal them.'
Mat 13:16 "But blessed are your eyes, for they see; and your ears, for they hear.
Mat 13:17 For most certainly I tell you that many prophets and righteous men desired to see the things which you see, and didn't see them; and to hear the things which you hear, and didn't hear them.
Mat 13:18 "Hear, then, the parable of the farmer.
Mat 13:19 When anyone hears the word of the Kingdom, and doesn't understand it, the evil one comes, and snatches away that which has been sown in his heart. This is what was sown by the roadside.
Mat 13:20 What was sown on the rocky places, this is he who hears the word, and immediately with joy receives it;
Mat 13:21 yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while. When oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he stumbles.
Mat 13:22 What was sown among the thorns, this is he who hears the word, but the cares of this age and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and he becomes unfruitful.
Mat 13:23 What was sown on the good ground, this is he who hears the word, and understands it, who most certainly bears fruit, and brings forth, some one hundred times as much, some sixty, and some thirty."
Mat 13:24 He set another parable before them, saying, "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field,
Mat 13:25 but while people slept, his enemy came and sowed darnel weeds also among the wheat, and went away.
Mat 13:26 But when the blade sprang up and brought forth fruit, then the darnel weeds appeared also.
Mat 13:27 The servants of the householder came and said to him, 'Sir, didn't you sow good seed in your field? Where did this darnel come from?'
Mat 13:28 "He said to them, 'An enemy has done this.' "The servants asked him, 'Do you want us to go and gather them up?'
Mat 13:29 "But he said, 'No, lest perhaps while you gather up the darnel weeds, you root up the wheat with them.
Mat 13:30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and in the harvest time I will tell the reapers, "First, gather up the darnel weeds, and bind them in bundles to burn them; but gather the wheat into my barn." ' "
Mat 13:31 He set another parable before them, saying, "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field;
Mat 13:32 which indeed is smaller than all seeds. But when it is grown, it is greater than the herbs, and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in its branches."
Mat 13:33 He spoke another parable to them. "The Kingdom of Heaven is like yeast, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, until it was all leavened."
Mat 13:34 Jesus spoke all these things in parables to the multitudes; and without a parable, he didn't speak to them,
Mat 13:35 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying, "I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world."
Mat 13:36 Then Jesus sent the multitudes away, and went into the house. His disciples came to him, saying, "Explain to us the parable of the darnel weeds of the field."
Mat 13:37 He answered them, "He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man,
Mat 13:38 the field is the world; and the good seed, these are the children of the Kingdom; and the darnel weeds are the children of the evil one.
Mat 13:39 The enemy who sowed them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels.
Mat 13:40 As therefore the darnel weeds are gathered up and burned with fire; so will it be at the end of this age.
Mat 13:41 The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will gather out of his Kingdom all things that cause stumbling, and those who do iniquity,
Mat 13:42 and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be weeping and the gnashing of teeth.
Mat 13:43 Then the righteous will shine forth like the sun in the Kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.
Mat 13:44 "Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a treasure hidden in the field, which a man found, and hid. In his joy, he goes and sells all that he has, and buys that field.
Mat 13:45 "Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who is a merchant seeking fine pearls,
Mat 13:46 who having found one pearl of great price, he went and sold all that he had, and bought it.
Mat 13:47 "Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a dragnet, that was cast into the sea, and gathered some fish of every kind,
Mat 13:48 which, when it was filled, they drew up on the beach. They sat down, and gathered the good into containers, but the bad they threw away.
Mat 13:49 So will it be in the end of the world. The angels will come forth, and separate the wicked from among the righteous,
Mat 13:50 and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth."
Mat 13:51 Jesus said to them, "Have you understood all these things?" They answered him, "Yes, Lord."
Mat 13:52 He said to them, "Therefore, every scribe who has been made a disciple in the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who is a householder, who brings out of his treasure new and old things."
Mat 13:53 It happened that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed from there.
Mat 13:54 Coming into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and said, "Where did this man get this wisdom, and these mighty works?
Mat 13:55 Isn't this the carpenter's son? Isn't his mother called Mary, and his brothers, James, Joses, Simon, and Judas?
Mat 13:56 Aren't all of his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all of these things?"
Mat 13:57 They were offended by him. But Jesus said to them, "A prophet is not without honor, except in his own country, and in his own house."
Mat 13:58 He didn't do many mighty works there because of their unbelief.