Who, do you suppose is the most vulnerable group or class in human society? The very old, the very ill or the very poor—they’re all vulnerable and pretty close to helpless, aren’t they? These would certainly come to mind and with good reason but I’d like to isolate the little children who also are utterly dependent and completely vulnerable but especially because they fit into the context of Jesus’ meeting with the rich ruler [a rich young ruler—Matthew 19:20, 22].

Not to be in control, to be helpless, completely dependent—how would that feel? We know of such people in millions, don’t we! We see and hear of the current events in the media, read of the world’s awful wrongs in history and now and then personally experience occasions when we were in that state. Who wants it? Who would want to want it?

Then there’s the other end of that spectrum. What parent hasn’t thrilled at a toddler’s first unaided steps or laughed over the child’s first attempt to use a spoon or parroted the first word? First signs of a coming independence. How sweet it all is! First time to tie shoe-laces, first unaided bicycle ride, first day at school, first job first.., Independence; bye bye helplessness, hello self-dependence and provision, so long “I can’t do it by myself.”

Once tasted and once the healthy awareness comes that I can and should do some things by myself, it’s onwards and upwards and inwards. It’s healthy, this feeling of being in control, and we’re not to apologize for it but like every other good and rich blessing it can become distorted, misused and become as occasion for arrogance.

In Luke18:9-14 there’s this religious teacher who is able truthfully to say that he is morally upright—he even thanks God for his moral power and behavior. Jesus said the man was in trouble! How was that? He was in trouble because he loved his control and used it to prove to himself, God and man that he was ‘not like other men” [Luke 18:11]. He made it clear he wasn’t dependent, wasn’t helpless, wasn’t vulnerable. As Luke puts it, in 18:9, he was one of those upright types who “trusted in themselves.”

Jesus contrasted him with a man who called himself “the sinner” and couldn’t even lift his eyes when he asked God to be merciful to him [18:13-14]. Jesus said the sinner man who knew he needed and begged for mercy got God’s approval and assurance rather than the morally upright man who exalted himself in God’s presence.

From there Jesus moved on to the vulnerable and utterly dependent little children. In saying people won’t enter the kingdom unless they are like children [18:15-17] Jesus wasn’t talking about some character traits we often see in children—he was talking about their sense of utter need and dependence. Those who would enter the kingdom would come to Him in need of blessings and to be blessed by him [18:15].

Then we have the rich man, the rich ruler man, the rich young ruler man [Luke 18:18-23]. To have great wealth is to be powerful and when you are a rich ruler the power is increased and when you’re young and healthy it can be increased even more.

There is no reason to believe that this young man was arrogant. He walked away very saddened but he didn’t walk away fuming [“How dare he…?]. He came so the text suggests seeking assurance. On the whole, does that suggest arrogance? He’s rich, he’s a young man and he’s a ruler and he comes seeking advice and assurance? I prefer to think he didn’t come with a smirk, self-satisfied, just to see what Jesus would say to a splendid example of success like him. Somewhere in him insecurity lurked and he wanted to get it straight.

Jesus gave him no lecture about legalism when he asked what he must do to inherit eternal life. “You trying to earn your way into heaven young man?” None of that! Never entered Jesus’ head that he was trying to earn life. See how in Luke 10:25-27 Jesus dealt with another man who asked the same question but with a poorer spirit. There the man asked what he “must do” and got no lecture about “legalism” and Jesus told him to do what the Bible told him to do.

But though the rich young ruler wasn’t arrogant and he wasn’t trying to earn life with God it appears that Jesus knew that his wealth was a problem for him so he called him to distribute it all to the poor and come and follow the Lord. Jesus was thrilled when Zaccheus only committed to give away half of his wealth [Luke 19:8-10].

So the young man must have been greedy, selfish, and covetous—yes? No, we have no reason to believe he was any of those particular things though it’s possible he was guilty of that. But when we’re told that Jesus looked on him and “loved him” [Mark 10:31] it’s difficult to see him as having such a character. And when Mark suggests that it was because Jesus loved him that he called him to distribute his wealth and come with him the sense is [to me anyway] that the Lord is moved rather than repelled by this young man. He sees him as in need of love and straight speech rather than contempt. Jesus wanted to bring him in rather than drive him away and it looks to me that the Lord saw the danger that faced this young rich ruler and was trying to save him from it.

In the Luke context that leads up to the young man’s encounter it seems clear that justification, entrance into God’s kingdom or eternal life call for an awareness of full dependence, vulnerability, lack of power or control and it may well be that this was the young man’s trouble. To give away the power that wealth ensures, to step down from an established place of leadership and become one of the band of Jesus with all the uncertainty that that would involve, maybe that was the central problem. “Dispense with all that assures you and promises security in control and leave yourself vulnerable.” Surely that’s something of what Jesus is saying to him.
But we mustn’t miss Jesus’ promise that if he makes such a loving use of his great wealth that he would gain treasure in heaven rather than saying “you will be saved.” Money and its use here is part of the focus. But underneath all that is, “And come and follow me.” Was Jesus inviting him to become part of a band that kept company with Jesus as well as, in general, a disciple? I think so. He was being called to make up his mind about Jesus.

So many dangers! Genuine upright behavior can become a threat to the upright. Feeling no vulnerability, no need of help [“Don’t talk to me as if I were a baby!”] or seeking assurance by what we have—position, wealth or…It’s all grace, we’re entirely dependent on GOD and his gracious provision from beginning to end.

Yes, but how do we respond to that grace? First believe and receive it then work it out!

From Caleb Colley, Ph.D. ... The Jackhammer in Your Backyard

The Jackhammer in Your Backyard

by  Caleb Colley, Ph.D.

If evolution were true, there would be no woodpeckers. Yet there they are, brightly colored birds, daily chipping away at bark on our backyard trees (“Downy Woodpecker,” 2003; “Pileated Woodpecker...,” 1981). Though evolutionists suggest that the woodpecker’s uncommon characteristics are merely adaptations resulting from natural selection (Fergus, n.d.; Ryan, 2003), they cannot satisfactorily explain why these small birds have the ability to drive their beaks powerfully into the side of a tree, and survive to do it again less than a second later.
“Woodpecker” is the common name for just over 200 species (45 in America, 13 in Canada) of animals that are unique among fowl because they frequently cling to, and excavate, tree trunks (see “Woodpecker,” n.d.; “Downy Woodpecker,” 1999; Fergus, n.d.). They “drill” into trees for three distinct purposes: (1) to find food; (2) to attract potential mates; and (3) to build nests (Eckhardt, 2001). The woodpecker’s suspension system allows it to absorb the force of lightning-fast, repetitive strokes on tree trunks. In fact, the bird can peck bark an estimated 20-25 times per second, and strike an estimated 8,000-12,000 times in a day (“Woodpeckers,” 2009; “How Many...?,” 2007).
No other bird can do this. If the kind of force withstood by woodpeckers on a daily basis were applied to the cranium of any other bird, its brain would quickly turn to mush (see “Wondrous Woodpeckers...,” 2002). Moreover, if a human once smacked his head against a tree as hard as woodpeckers do repeatedly, he would suffer serious brain damage, even if he lived through the impact (“Knock on Wood,” 2004).
How do woodpeckers withstand such pressure? What prevents the force applied by the woodpeckers’ mighty neck muscles, and the sudden, swift impact, from literally beating the birds’ brains out? The answer is that their skulls are reinforced with bone, to keep their heads from shattering. David Juhasz wrote:
The forces involved in the woodpecker’s hammering away at trees are incredible, for the suddenness with which the head is brought to a halt during each peck results in a stress equivalent to 1,000 times the force of gravity. This is more than 250 times the force to which an astronaut is subjected in a rocket during liftoff.... In most birds, the bones of the beak are joined to the bones of the cranium—the part of the skull that surrounds the brain. But in the woodpecker the cranium and beak are separated by a sponge-like tissue that takes the shock each time the bird strikes its beak against a tree. The woodpecker’s shock-absorber is so good that scientists say it is far better than any that humans have invented (2001, emp. added).
Consider how the woodpecker takes his position on the tree. Chuck Fergus described this process:
To grip trees, a woodpecker has short, muscular legs and sharply clawed feet. On most species, two toes point forward and two backward. This opposed, “yoke-toed” arrangement lets a woodpecker climb with ease. Stiff, pointed tail feathers catch on the rough bark to brace the hammering body. During molt, the two middle tail feathers (the strongest ones) do not fall out until the other 10 have been replaced and can support the bird’s weight (n.d.).

Most birds have three toes in the front of the foot and one in the back, but the woodpecker’s X-shaped (zygodactyl) feet are perfect for climbing, allowing the woodpecker to move in any direction on a tree trunk (see “Wondrous Woodpeckers...,” 2002; Bassett, n.d.; “The Malayan Woodpecker,” 2002 ). In addition to the amazingly well-designed X-shaped feet, the woodpecker needs its stiff—yet elastic—tail feathers to press against the tree in order to support its weight while it drills the trunk (“Woodpecker,” n.d.).
Next, consider the woodpecker’s tongue. Often extending five times farther than the beak itself, the tongue is so thin that it can reach into ants’ nests in trees. The tongue is also sticky, so it catches the ants and pulls them directly into the woodpecker’s mouth. The tongue’s adhesive, however, does not prevent the woodpecker from eating. The ants’ defense mechanism is no problem either, because the tongue comes complete with a system that negates ant poison (see Yahya, 2004). Juhasz commented:
How does the woodpecker know it has caught the insects? The Creator has given it a tongue with a hard spearhead with bristles pointing rearward, which is attached by tiny fibres of the protein collagen. As the tongue probes a tunnel, the impact of the spearhead on any object jams the head back along the shaft. Nerve endings are precisely located in the fluid-filled spaces between the collagen fibres. They provide the brain with information about the type of material contacted; thus, the woodpecker knows whether it has secured an insect or hit the hard wood of a tree. Once the insects stick to its tongue, the woodpecker pulls them from the tree, then pulls in its long tongue and scrapes the insects off into its mouth (2001).
Consider the beak itself. Like a chisel, it is capable of penetrating even the hardest of wood, and, unlike manmade saws, its point never needs sharpening.
It is argued, however, that because some woodpeckers are different from others (some find their prey on the ground instead of in trees, for example), they all must have evolved from a common ancestor, and that some woodpeckers are merely at different stages of evolution. For example, Juan Garelli wrote concerning the Galapagos:
There are, on the different islands of that archipelago, 14 different species of finch. The 14 species fill many of the roles we should expect—on another continent—to be played by other, unrelated birds. One of them, for instance, is a woodpecker finch. It has evolved a long woodpecker-beak but not a long tongue; it therefore makes use of a twig, held in its beak, to extract insects from bark.
If all the 14 species had been created separately, why are they all finches? If a woodpecker would serve as a woodpecker in the rest of the world, why should it be a finch that acts as a woodpecker on the Galapagos? But the facts make sense if the species all evolved from a common ancestor. If a single finch colonized the Galapagos and then speciated into the present 14 forms, we should expect them all to be finches: they all descended from a finch. The fact that they are finches is known from the homologies that define a finch. If they had been created separately, we should not expect them to share all the finch-homologies. The woodpecker would be the same woodpecker as anywhere else in the world; it would not have finch-defining traits. The Galapagos finches, therefore, provide evidence of evolution (n.d.).
Ryan adds:
The genetic changes necessary for such a modification are quite minor. No new structures are required, merely an extended period of growth to lengthen an existing structure. It is likely that in ancestral woodpecker species which began to seek grubs deeper in trees, those woodpeckers with mutations for increased hyoid horn growth had a fitness advantage, as they could extend their tongue farther to reach prey. Some woodpeckers have no need for long tongues, and thus genes which shortened the hyoid horns were selected for. The sapsucker, for example, drills tiny holes in trees and then uses its short tongue to eat the oozing sap on the tree’s surface (and insects which stick to it) [2003, parenthetical item in orig.].
Garelli and Ryan wrote about microevolution (small-scale changes that result in minor biological variations, but not new kinds of animals), which is responsible for much of the diversity among animals (see Butt, 2005). But Garelli and Ryan did not document macroevolution, which is necessary for Darwinian evolution to be true. Some species of woodpeckers have changed over time, but they all remain woodpeckers. Woodpeckers do not “evolve” into other kinds of animals. To better comprehend this distinction, consider some questions to which evolutionists cannot provide adequate answers:
  • Even though woodpeckers possess powerful mechanisms for drilling, they prefer trees that have visible signs of internal decay (“Pileated Woodpecker Cavities...,” n.d.). At what point did naturalistic evolution “grant” the woodpecker capability to “shop around” for the most suitable tree for excavation?
  • Inherent in the suggestion that the woodpecker is the result of random mutations that took place over millions of years, is that there was a time when the bird possessed some, but not all, of its capabilities. If we grant, for the sake of argument, that mutations are positive and that, given enough time, evolution could produce entirely new biological structures (concessions we do not grant), then what need motivated a woodpecker to “mutate” or “evolve” new traits that it did not possess? Did the first woodpecker that pecked trees do so because it ran out of worms on the ground and then decided to look for worms in trees? If so, how did the woodpecker know that it needed to evolve a highly specialized beak, tongue, set of feathers, and skull, as well as a claw structure, which had to be different from every other claw structure on Earth? And what scientific behavioral measures did it take to initiate evolution?
  • Could a woodpecker decide to evolve a new trait in the first place? If so, what motivated it to make such a decision? Why does the woodpecker not make such decisions now?
  • If a woodpecker, of a species that eats insects from trees, had a tongue that had not yet evolved, but needed to access food deep inside a tree trunk, would the bird have survived for long? If it had not yet “discovered” that it needed a highly specialized tongue to pull the ants into its mouth (and to keep the ants from hurting him), what would it have done, since it surely did not have enough time to “evolve” a totally different, entirely unique, specialized tongue before it died?
  • If a woodpecker ran out of food on the ground, why would its appetite for ants have been so strong that it required the bird to overlook the danger of eating ants, and motivated it to evolve a special tongue for ingesting them? Would it not have preferred only less
    dangerous insects?
  • What about the beak? If a woodpecker’s beak were not sharp and sturdy, would not the fir
    st woodpecker have been doomed to death or permanent injury on the first attempt to hammer a hardwood tree?
  • How did the first full-fledged woodpecker know that food (and a suitable location for nesting) was available inside trees, when the woodpecker’s ancestors had
    not a clue?
  • How did the woodpecker learn that effective communication can be performed by hammering its
    beak on bark?
  • What animal gave birth to the first woodpecker?
  • How did the immediate descendant of the first full-fledged woodpecker know that it also shoul
    d look for food in trees?
Juhasz added:
[H]ow could the woodpecker have evolved its special shock-absorbers? If it had started without them, then all the woodpeckers that were alive would have beaten out their brains long ago. Therefore, there should be no woodpeckers left. And if there had ever been a time when woodpeckers did not drill holes in trees they would not have needed the shock-absorbers anyway (2001).
Finally, we should also address the claim that woodpeckers are pests, and in no way beneficial. Woodpeckers help control insects (one woodpecker can eat up to 2,000 ants in one day) and limit the spread of tree diseases by destroying insect carriers. Also, the roosting holes created by woodpeckers are frequently used by birds of many other species (Clench and Austin, 1995, 15:90).
The fact is, woodpeckers are here, and they do things that defy Darwinism. Unlike evolutionists, creationists can adequately explain the woodpecker without contradicting their convictions concerning origins: God created the woodpecker with unique characteristics, and endowed it with particular instincts that cause it to do what it does. Woodpeckers are strong evidence for a divine Designer, as are all other
living organisms.


Bassett, David V. (no date), “The Wonderful Woodpecker: Jehovah’s Jaw-Jarring Jackhammer,” [On-line], URL: http://www.creationevidence.org/ cemframes.html?http%3A//www.creationevidence.org/qustn_mon/ qustn_mon.html.
Butt, Kyle (2005), "What Do the Finches Prove?," [On-line], URL: http://www.apologeticspress.org/articles/3051.
Clench, Mary Heimerdinger and Oliver L. Austin, Jr. (1995), “Birds,” Encyclopaedia Britannica (Chicago, IL: Encyclopaedia Britannica), 15:1-112.
“Downy Woodpecker” (1999), Canadian Wildlife Services, [On-line],URL: http://www.britishcolumbia.com/Wildlife/wildlife/birds/cw/cw_ downywoodpecker.html.
“Downy Woodpecker” (2003), Nature of New England, [On-line], URL: http://www.nenature.com/DownyWoodpecker.htm.
Eckhardt, Liesl (2001), “Melanerpes carolinus,” ed. Phil Myers, [On-line], URL: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/ accounts/information /Melanerpes_carolinus.html.
Fergus, Chuck (no date), “Woodpeckers,” Pennsylvania Game Commission, [On-line], URL: http://sites.state.pa.us/PA_Exec/PGC/w_notes/woodpeck.htm.
Garelli, Juan (no date), “Social Evolution,” [On-line], URL: http://attachment.edu.ar/socialevl.html.
“How Many Pecks Can a Woodpecker Peck?” (2007), Wild Bird Centers, [On-line], URL: http://www.wildbird.com/species-w.html.
Juhasz, David (2001), “The Incredible Woodpecker,” [On-line], URL: http://www.answersingenesis.org/creation/v18/i1/woodpecker.asp.
“Knock on Wood” (2004), National Wildlife Federation, [On-line], URL: http://www.nwf.org/gowild/kzpage.cfm?siteid=3&departmentid= 76&articleid=188.
“The Malayan Woodpecker” (2002), PageWise,[On-line], URL: http://mama.essortment.com/malayanwoodpeck_rizb.htm.
“Pileated Woodpecker Cavities: Master Builders of the Forest” (no date), Alberta Sustainable Resource Development, [On-line], URL: http://www.fmf.ca/PW/PW_report8.pdf.
“Pileated Woodpecker: Dryocopus pileatus” (1981) [On-line], URL: http://www.otterside.com/htmfiles/woodp5.htm.
Ryan, Rusty (2003), “Anatomy and Evolution of the Woodpecker’s Tongue,” [On-line], URL: http://omega.med.yale.edu/~rjr38/Woodpecker.htm.
“Woodpecker” (no date), Defenders of Wildlife, [On-line], URL: http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/woodpecker.html.
“Woodpeckers,” (2009), Defenders of Wildlife, [On-line], URL: http://www.defenders.org/wildlife_and_habitat/wildlife/woodpeckers.php.
“Wondrous Woodpeckers: The Design of a Birdbrain” (2002), Project Creation, [On-line], URL: http://www.projectcreation.org/Spot
Yahya, Harun (2004), “The Design of the Woodpecker,” [On-line], URL: http://harunyahya.com/70wood

From Mark Copeland... Communal Christianity (Acts 4:32-37)

                          "THE BOOK OF ACTS"

                    Communal Christianity (4:32-37)


1. The first church in the local sense was the church at Jerusalem...
   a. Noted for its dedication to apostolic doctrine and brotherly love
      - cf. Ac 2:42-47
   b. Which continued to exist as described by Luke in our text - cf.
      Ac 4:32-37

2. The example of the Jerusalem church has often led some to ask...
   a. Did the church practice communism as we know it today?
   b. Is having "all things in common" to be the norm for all churches?

[In an effort to answer such questions, let's begin by reviewing what is
revealed about...]


      1. Mentioned twice by Luke - Ac 2:44; 4:32
      2. Involving the selling of possessions, goods, homes, lands - Ac 2:45; 4:34
      3. Dividing the proceeds among all, as any had need - Ac 2:45;

      1. Joses (Barnabas) - Ac 4:36-37
         a. Sold a piece of land
         b. Brought the proceeds to the apostles
      2. Ananias and Sapphira - Ac 5:1-4
         a. Sold a possession
         b. Kept back part of the proceeds, lied about it
      3. Needy widows - Ac 6:1
         a. Recipients of a daily distribution
         b. But Hellenist widows were being neglected
[Without question the early church in Jerusalem practiced what could be
called a form of "communal" Christianity.  But was it communism?  Is it
to be the norm for churches today?  Consider some...]


      1. Communism:  advocacy of a classless society in which private
         ownership has been abolished and the means of production and 
         subsistence belong to the community
      2. Communism requires that people of a society sell their
         property and give the proceeds to the community (or state)
      3. In the Jerusalem church the selling and giving was done
         freely, not out of compulsion
      4. As was giving by Gentile churches later on - cf. 2Co 8:12; 9:7

      1. Ananias and Sapphira did not have to sell their possession,
         nor did they have give the full amount; their sin was lying 
         about the actual amount - cf. Ac 5:1-4,7-8
      2. Some in Jerusalem kept their homes; e.g., Mary - Ac 12:12
      3. Christians elsewhere had their homes
         a. Aquila and Priscilla, in Corinth, Ephesus, and Rome - Ac 18:1-3; 1Co 16:19; Ro 16:3-5
         b. Nymphas, near Colosse - Col 4:15
         c. Philemon, near Colosse, with a guest room - Phm 1:2,22
      4. Rich Christians were commanded to do good, be rich in good
         works, ready to give, willing to share, but it had to be of 
         their own free will - 1Ti 6:17-19


1. The example of the church in Jerusalem is an inspiration to all...
   a. Of brotherly love
   b. Of free-will giving

2. It may have occurred due to unique circumstances...
   a. Many new converts had been visiting from other nations on
      Pentecost - Ac 2:1-11
   b. Staying after conversion to learn more, their resources would
      soon be exhausted
   c. Those who lived in Jerusalem were willing to sell possessions to
      help them

3. But the "communal Christianity" practiced there should not be viewed
   a. Communism or the approval of it
   b. Required (the norm) for all churches

Rather, "communal Christianity" as practiced in Jerusalem can be
considered a viable option, should the need for benevolence arise, and
where it can be practiced without any sort of compulsion...

Executable Outlines, Copyright © Mark A. Copeland, 2012

From Gary... Bible Reading May 10, 11

Bible Reading  

May 10, 11

The World English Bible

May 10
Joshua 1, 2
Jos 1:1 Now it happened after the death of Moses the servant of Yahweh, that Yahweh spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' servant, saying,
Jos 1:2 Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, you, and all this people, to the land which I give to them, even to the children of Israel.
Jos 1:3 I have given you every place that the sole of your foot will tread on, as I told Moses.
Jos 1:4 From the wilderness, and this Lebanon, even to the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and to the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your border.
Jos 1:5 No man will be able to stand before you all the days of your life. As I was with Moses, so I will be with you. I will not fail you nor forsake you.
Jos 1:6 Be strong and of good courage; for you shall cause this people to inherit the land which I swore to their fathers to give them.
Jos 1:7 Only be strong and very courageous, to observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded you. Don't turn from it to the right hand or to the left, that you may have good success wherever you go.
Jos 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, that you may observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then you shall make your way prosperous, and then you shall have good success.
Jos 1:9 Haven't I commanded you? Be strong and of good courage. Don't be afraid, neither be dismayed: for Yahweh your God is with you wherever you go.
Jos 1:10 Then Joshua commanded the officers of the people, saying,
Jos 1:11 "Pass through the midst of the camp, and command the people, saying, 'Prepare food; for within three days you are to pass over this Jordan, to go in to possess the land, which Yahweh your God gives you to possess it.' "
Jos 1:12 Joshua spoke to the Reubenites, and to the Gadites, and to the half-tribe of Manasseh, saying,
Jos 1:13 "Remember the word which Moses the servant of Yahweh commanded you, saying, 'Yahweh your God gives you rest, and will give you this land.
Jos 1:14 Your wives, your little ones, and your livestock, shall live in the land which Moses gave you beyond the Jordan; but you shall pass over before your brothers armed, all the mighty men of valor, and shall help them
Jos 1:15 until Yahweh has given your brothers rest, as he has given you, and they have also possessed the land which Yahweh your God gives them. Then you shall return to the land of your possession, and possess it, which Moses the servant of Yahweh gave you beyond the Jordan toward the sunrise.' "
Jos 1:16 They answered Joshua, saying, "All that you have commanded us we will do, and wherever you send us we will go.
Jos 1:17 Just as we listened to Moses in all things, so will we listen to you. Only may Yahweh your God be with you, as he was with Moses.
Jos 1:18 Whoever rebels against your commandment, and doesn't listen to your words in all that you command him, he shall be put to death. Only be strong and of good courage."
Jos 2:1 Joshua the son of Nun secretly sent two men out of Shittim as spies, saying, "Go, view the land, and Jericho." They went and came into the house of a prostitute whose name was Rahab, and slept there.
Jos 2:2 The king of Jericho was told, "Behold, men of the children of Israel came in here tonight to spy out the land."
Jos 2:3 The king of Jericho sent to Rahab, saying, "Bring out the men who have come to you, who have entered into your house; for they have come to spy out all the land."
Jos 2:4 The woman took the two men and hid them. Then she said, "Yes, the men came to me, but I didn't know where they came from.
Jos 2:5 It happened about the time of the shutting of the gate, when it was dark, that the men went out. Where the men went, I don't know. Pursue them quickly; for you will overtake them."
Jos 2:6 But she had brought them up to the roof, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order on the roof.
Jos 2:7 The men pursued them the way to the Jordan to the fords: and as soon as those who pursued them had gone out, they shut the gate.
Jos 2:8 Before they had laid down, she came up to them on the roof;
Jos 2:9 and she said to the men, "I know that Yahweh has given you the land, and that the fear of you has fallen on us, and that all the inhabitants of the land melt away before you.
Jos 2:10 For we have heard how Yahweh dried up the water of the Red Sea before you, when you came out of Egypt; and what you did to the two kings of the Amorites, who were beyond the Jordan, to Sihon and to Og, whom you utterly destroyed.
Jos 2:11 As soon as we had heard it, our hearts melted, neither did there remain any more spirit in any man, because of you: for Yahweh your God, he is God in heaven above, and on earth beneath.
Jos 2:12 Now therefore, please swear to me by Yahweh, since I have dealt kindly with you, that you also will deal kindly with my father's house, and give me a true token;
Jos 2:13 and that you will save alive my father, my mother, my brothers, and my sisters, and all that they have, and will deliver our lives from death."
Jos 2:14 The men said to her, "Our life for yours, if you don't talk about this business of ours; and it shall be, when Yahweh gives us the land, that we will deal kindly and truly with you."
Jos 2:15 Then she let them down by a cord through the window; for her house was on the side of the wall, and she lived on the wall.
Jos 2:16 She said to them, "Go to the mountain, lest the pursuers find you; and hide yourselves there three days, until the pursuers have returned. Afterward, you may go your way."
Jos 2:17 The men said to her, "We will be guiltless of this your oath which you have made us to swear.
Jos 2:18 Behold, when we come into the land, you shall bind this line of scarlet thread in the window which you did let us down by. You shall gather to yourself into the house your father, your mother, your brothers, and all your father's household.
Jos 2:19 It shall be that whoever goes out of the doors of your house into the street, his blood will be on his head, and we will be guiltless. Whoever is with you in the house, his blood shall be on our head, if any hand is on him.
Jos 2:20 But if you talk about this business of ours, then we shall be guiltless of your oath which you have made us to swear."
Jos 2:21 She said, "According to your words, so be it." She sent them away, and they departed. She tied the scarlet line in the window.
Jos 2:22 They went, and came to the mountain, and stayed there three days, until the pursuers had returned. The pursuers sought them throughout all the way, but didn't find them.
Jos 2:23 Then the two men returned, descended from the mountain, passed over, and came to Joshua the son of Nun; and they told him all that had happened to them.
Jos 2:24 They said to Joshua, "Truly Yahweh has delivered into our hands all the land. Moreover, all the inhabitants of the land melt away before us."

May 11
Joshua 3, 4
Jos 3:1 Joshua rose up early in the morning; and they moved from Shittim, and came to the Jordan, he and all the children of Israel. They lodged there before they passed over.
Jos 3:2 It happened after three days, that the officers went through the midst of the camp;
Jos 3:3 and they commanded the people, saying, "When you see the ark of the covenant of Yahweh your God, and the priests the Levites bearing it, then you shall move from your place, and follow it.
Jos 3:4 Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure. Don't come near to it, that you may know the way by which you must go; for you have not passed this way before."
Jos 3:5 Joshua said to the people, "Sanctify yourselves; for tomorrow Yahweh will do wonders among you."
Jos 3:6 Joshua spoke to the priests, saying, "Take up the ark of the covenant, and pass over before the people." They took up the ark of the covenant, and went before the people.
Jos 3:7 Yahweh said to Joshua, "Today I will begin to magnify you in the sight of all Israel, that they may know that as I was with Moses, so I will be with you.
Jos 3:8 You shall command the priests who bear the ark of the covenant, saying, 'When you come to the brink of the waters of the Jordan, you shall stand still in the Jordan.' "
Jos 3:9 Joshua said to the children of Israel, "Come here, and hear the words of Yahweh your God."
Jos 3:10 Joshua said, "Hereby you shall know that the living God is among you, and that he will without fail drive the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Hivite, and the Perizzite, and the Girgashite, and the Amorite, and the Jebusite out from before you.
Jos 3:11 Behold, the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth passes over before you into the Jordan.
Jos 3:12 Now therefore take twelve men out of the tribes of Israel, for every tribe a man.
Jos 3:13 It shall come to pass, when the soles of the feet of the priests who bear the ark of Yahweh, the Lord of all the earth, rest in the waters of the Jordan, that the waters of the Jordan will be cut off, even the waters that come down from above; and they shall stand in one heap."
Jos 3:14 It happened, when the people moved from their tents to pass over the Jordan, the priests who bore the ark of the covenant being before the people,
Jos 3:15 and when those who bore the ark had come to the Jordan, and the feet of the priests who bore the ark had dipped in the edge of the water (for the Jordan overflows all its banks all the time of harvest),
Jos 3:16 that the waters which came down from above stood, and rose up in one heap, a great way off, at Adam, the city that is beside Zarethan; and those that went down toward the sea of the Arabah, even the Salt Sea, were wholly cut off. Then the people passed over right against Jericho.
Jos 3:17 The priests who bore the ark of the covenant of Yahweh stood firm on dry ground in the middle of the Jordan; and all Israel passed over on dry ground, until all the nation had passed completely over the Jordan.
Jos 4:1 It happened, when all the nation had completely passed over the Jordan, that Yahweh spoke to Joshua, saying,
Jos 4:2 "Take twelve men out of the people, out of every tribe a man,
Jos 4:3 and command them, saying, 'Take from out of the middle of the Jordan, out of the place where the priests' feet stood firm, twelve stones, and carry them over with you, and lay them down in the lodging place, where you will lodge tonight.' "
Jos 4:4 Then Joshua called the twelve men, whom he had prepared of the children of Israel, out of every tribe a man.
Jos 4:5 Joshua said to them, "Pass over before the ark of Yahweh your God into the middle of the Jordan, and each of you pick up a stone and put it on your shoulder, according to the number of the tribes of the children of Israel;
Jos 4:6 that this may be a sign among you, that when your children ask in time to come, saying, 'What do you mean by these stones?'
Jos 4:7 then you shall tell them, 'Because the waters of the Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of Yahweh. When it passed over the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan were cut off. These stones shall be for a memorial to the children of Israel forever.' "
Jos 4:8 The children of Israel did as Joshua commanded, and took up twelve stones out of the middle of the Jordan, as Yahweh spoke to Joshua, according to the number of the tribes of the children of Israel; and they carried them over with them to the place where they lodged, and laid them down there.
Jos 4:9 Joshua set up twelve stones in the middle of the Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests who bore the ark of the covenant stood; and they are there to this day.
Jos 4:10 For the priests who bore the ark stood in the middle of the Jordan, until everything was finished that Yahweh commanded Joshua to speak to the people, according to all that Moses commanded Joshua; and the people hurried and passed over.
Jos 4:11 It happened, when all the people had completely passed over, that the ark of Yahweh passed over, with the priests, in the presence of the people.
Jos 4:12 The children of Reuben, and the children of Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, passed over armed before the children of Israel, as Moses spoke to them.
Jos 4:13 About forty thousand men, ready and armed for war passed over before Yahweh to battle, to the plains of Jericho.
Jos 4:14 On that day, Yahweh magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel; and they feared him, as they feared Moses, all the days of his life.
Jos 4:15 Yahweh spoke to Joshua, saying,
Jos 4:16 "Command the priests who bear the ark of the testimony, that they come up out of the Jordan."
Jos 4:17 Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying, "Come up out of the Jordan!"
Jos 4:18 It happened, when the priests who bore the ark of the covenant of Yahweh had come up out of the middle of the Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were lifted up to the dry ground, that the waters of the Jordan returned to their place, and went over all its banks, as before.
Jos 4:19 The people came up out of the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, on the east border of Jericho.
Jos 4:20 Joshua set up those twelve stones, which they took out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.
Jos 4:21 He spoke to the children of Israel, saying, "When your children ask their fathers in time to come, saying, 'What do these stones mean?'
Jos 4:22 Then you shall let your children know, saying, 'Israel came over this Jordan on dry land.
Jos 4:23 For Yahweh your God dried up the waters of the Jordan from before you, until you had passed over, as Yahweh your God did to the Red Sea, which he dried up from before us, until we had passed over;
Jos 4:24 that all the peoples of the earth may know the hand of Yahweh, that it is mighty; that you may fear Yahweh your God forever.' " 
May 10, 11
Luke 22

Luk 22:1 Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the Passover, drew near.
Luk 22:2 The chief priests and the scribes sought how they might put him to death, for they feared the people.
Luk 22:3 Satan entered into Judas, who was surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered with the twelve.
Luk 22:4 He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains about how he might deliver him to them.
Luk 22:5 They were glad, and agreed to give him money.
Luk 22:6 He consented, and sought an opportunity to deliver him to them in the absence of the multitude.
Luk 22:7 The day of unleavened bread came, on which the Passover must be sacrificed.
Luk 22:8 He sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat."
Luk 22:9 They said to him, "Where do you want us to prepare?"
Luk 22:10 He said to them, "Behold, when you have entered into the city, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him into the house which he enters.
Luk 22:11 Tell the master of the house, 'The Teacher says to you, "Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?" '
Luk 22:12 He will show you a large, furnished upper room. Make preparations there."
Luk 22:13 They went, found things as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.
Luk 22:14 When the hour had come, he sat down with the twelve apostles.
Luk 22:15 He said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer,
Luk 22:16 for I tell you, I will no longer by any means eat of it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God." Joshua 18 - 20
Luk 22:17 He received a cup, and when he had given thanks, he said, "Take this, and share it among yourselves,
Luk 22:18 for I tell you, I will not drink at all again from the fruit of the vine, until the Kingdom of God comes."
Luk 22:19 He took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and gave to them, saying, "This is my body which is given for you. Do this in memory of me."
Luk 22:20 Likewise, he took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.
Luk 22:21 But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is with me on the table.
Luk 22:22 The Son of Man indeed goes, as it has been determined, but woe to that man through whom he is betrayed!"
Luk 22:23 They began to question among themselves, which of them it was who would do this thing.
Luk 22:24 There arose also a contention among them, which of them was considered to be greatest.
Luk 22:25 He said to them, "The kings of the nations lord it over them, and those who have authority over them are called 'benefactors.'
Luk 22:26 But not so with you. But one who is the greater among you, let him become as the younger, and one who is governing, as one who serves.
Luk 22:27 For who is greater, one who sits at the table, or one who serves? Isn't it he who sits at the table? But I am in the midst of you as one who serves.
Luk 22:28 But you are those who have continued with me in my trials.
Luk 22:29 I confer on you a kingdom, even as my Father conferred on me,
Luk 22:30 that you may eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom. You will sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel."
Luk 22:31 The Lord said, "Simon, Simon, behold, Satan asked to have you, that he might sift you as wheat,
Luk 22:32 but I prayed for you, that your faith wouldn't fail. You, when once you have turned again, establish your brothers."
Luk 22:33 He said to him, "Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death!"
Luk 22:34 He said, "I tell you, Peter, the rooster will by no means crow today until you deny that you know me three times."
Luk 22:35 He said to them, "When I sent you out without purse, and wallet, and shoes, did you lack anything?" They said, "Nothing."
Luk 22:36 Then he said to them, "But now, whoever has a purse, let him take it, and likewise a wallet. Whoever has none, let him sell his cloak, and buy a sword.
Luk 22:37 For I tell you that this which is written must still be fulfilled in me: 'He was counted with the lawless.' For that which concerns me has an end."
Luk 22:38 They said, "Lord, behold, here are two swords." He said to them, "That is enough."
Luk 22:39 He came out, and went, as his custom was, to the Mount of Olives. His disciples also followed him. Joshua 18 - 20
Luk 22:40 When he was at the place, he said to them, "Pray that you don't enter into temptation."
Luk 22:41 He was withdrawn from them about a stone's throw, and he knelt down and prayed,
Luk 22:42 saying, "Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done."
Luk 22:43 An angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him.
Luk 22:44 Being in agony he prayed more earnestly. His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground.
Luk 22:45 When he rose up from his prayer, he came to the disciples, and found them sleeping because of grief,
Luk 22:46 and said to them, "Why do you sleep? Rise and pray that you may not enter into temptation."
Luk 22:47 While he was still speaking, behold, a multitude, and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He came near to Jesus to kiss him.
Luk 22:48 But Jesus said to him, "Judas, do you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?"
Luk 22:49 When those who were around him saw what was about to happen, they said to him, "Lord, shall we strike with the sword?"
Luk 22:50 A certain one of them struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.
Luk 22:51 But Jesus answered, "Let me at least do this" -and he touched his ear, and healed him.
Luk 22:52 Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and elders, who had come against him, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs?
Luk 22:53 When I was with you in the temple daily, you didn't stretch out your hands against me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness."
Luk 22:54 They seized him, and led him away, and brought him into the high priest's house. But Peter followed from a distance.
Luk 22:55 When they had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard, and had sat down together, Peter sat among them.
Luk 22:56 A certain servant girl saw him as he sat in the light, and looking intently at him, said, "This man also was with him."
Luk 22:57 He denied Jesus, saying, "Woman, I don't know him."
Luk 22:58 After a little while someone else saw him, and said, "You also are one of them!" But Peter answered, "Man, I am not!"
Luk 22:59 After about one hour passed, another confidently affirmed, saying, "Truly this man also was with him, for he is a Galilean!"
Luk 22:60 But Peter said, "Man, I don't know what you are talking about!" Immediately, while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed.
Luk 22:61 The Lord turned, and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the Lord's word, how he said to him, "Before the rooster crows you will deny me three times."
Luk 22:62 He went out, and wept bitterly.
Luk 22:63 The men who held Jesus mocked him and beat him.
Luk 22:64 Having blindfolded him, they struck him on the face and asked him, "Prophesy! Who is the one who struck you?"
Luk 22:65 They spoke many other things against him, insulting him.
Luk 22:66 As soon as it was day, the assembly of the elders of the people was gathered together, both chief priests and scribes, and they led him away into their council, saying,
Luk 22:67 "If you are the Christ, tell us." But he said to them, "If I tell you, you won't believe,
Luk 22:68 and if I ask, you will in no way answer me or let me go.
Luk 22:69 From now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God."
Luk 22:70 They all said, "Are you then the Son of God?" He said to them, "You say it, because I am."
Luk 22:71 They said, "Why do we need any more witness? For we ourselves have heard from his own mouth!"